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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Reference library

Nalini Natarajan

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
236 words

... . Dickens's popularity in India offers a noteworthy contrast to the lack of reference in his novels to India and the rest of the Empire, except as a backdrop to his central concern with English experience. India, along with Africa and the Caribbean, is only a convenient space to which characters are shipped off or where they can make their future ( see emigration ). In the novels, India is a land distant and exotic. It lends bogus respectability to Montague Tigg's Anglo-Bengalee Disinterested Loan and Life Assurance Company ( MC 27 et seq. ); it is...

India and Ceylon

India and Ceylon   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
318 words

... and Ceylon . Trollope considered writing a book on India in 1860 , but the project fell through, and he never visited ‘the brightest jewel in the English crown’. His visit to Ceylon en route to Australia in 1875 was described in a series of letters to the Liverpool Mercury ( The Tireless Traveller , ed. B. Booth 1941 ). His portrayal of Britishers from India in The Bertrams was not flattering. British rule in the subcontinent of India in 1860 was close to its maximum extent, and had recently survived a massive challenge in the Indian Mutiny of...

Misnar, the Sultan of India

Misnar, the Sultan of India   Reference library

Paul Schlicke

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...the Sultan of India . Dickens's earliest known work, a tragedy written when he was 9, based on ‘The Enchantress’, a tale from James Ridley 's pseudo-Oriental Tales of the Genii ( 1764 ; see Arabian Nights ). The manuscript has not survived. Paul Schlicke Stedman, Jane W. , ‘ Good Spirits: Dickens's Childhood Reading ’, Dickensian , 61 (1965)....

Misnar, the Sultan of India

Misnar, the Sultan of India  

Dickens's earliest known work, a tragedy written when he was 9, based on ‘The Enchantress’, a tale from James Ridley's pseudo-Oriental Tales of the Genii (1764; see Arabian Nights). The manuscript ...
Borneo

Borneo   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,308 words

...seafarers early in the 16th century, Borneo was also visited by Spanish and Muslim (‘Arab’) traders, but in the course of time the Dutch East India Company (the VOC, or Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) and the British East India Company emerged as the most powerful trading rivals in the Malay Archipelago, Following the deaths of English traders at Amboina in 1628 , the English concentrated more on trade with India and left Borneo nominally to the Dutch, whose headquarters were in Batavia (now Jakarta) on the island of Java . The relative balance of power...

Brooke, James

Brooke, James (1803–68)   Reference library

J. H. Stape

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
805 words

...he later paid homage for ‘the greatness of his character and the unstained rectitude of his purpose’ ( LCG , 210), James Brooke was an English explorer-adventurer during the second expansive and consolidating phase of European incursion into South-East Asia. Born in Benares in India, Brooke attended grammar school in Norwich, running away at 16 to join the British infantry in Bengal. Arriving in Borneo in 1839 , he became involved in suppressing a rebellion, and, in 1841 , was named the first Rajah of Sarawak. He spent the last five years of his life in...

Blackwood’s Magazine

Blackwood’s Magazine   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,013 words

...gentry, the upper middle class, the clergy, and the teaching profession, people who liked seriously intoned reading on royalty and the aristocracy, on the problems of the army and the navy … and about other countries in the world. … Above all, it focused on the colonial world: India, in the first place, was for a while dealt with in every issue, then—very often—Africa, British and … other colonial powers, mainly France’ (in Curreli (ed.), 405). And, it may be added. Blackwood’s liked stories of a bracingly masculine and action-based sort. That Conrad was...

Hartington, Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquis of

Hartington, Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquis of (1833–1908)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquis of , later 8th Duke of Devonshire ( 1833–1908 ) , Postmaster General ( 1868–71 ); Secretary of State for India ( 1880–2 ). Early biographers of Trollope , Escott and Sadleir , saw him as a niodel for Lord *Childern . RCT R. C....

Merivale, Herman

Merivale, Herman (1806–74)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Herman ( 1806–74 ) , Eldest son of John Herman Merivale ; political economist, best known for Historical Studies ( 1865 ); Under-Secretary for India ( 1859 ). Trollope invited him to write for the Fortnightly Review ; he contributed six articles between 1865 and 1871 . Trollope sponsored his son Herman Charles ( 1839–1906 ) for the Garrick Club in 1864 . RCT R. C....

Askerton, Mrs Mary

Askerton, Mrs Mary   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Mrs Mary (née Vigo ) , wife of Colonel Askerton and close friend of Clara Amedroz . Long ago, in India, she fled from her first husband, the drunken Captain Berdmore , and was Colonel Askerton 's mistress until Berdmore died. The revelation of this episode severely tests Clara 's loyalty and courage. BE WK Walter...

Wilson, Legge

Wilson, Legge   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Legge , Liberal member of Parliament, one-time Chancellor of the Exchequer, long-time Secretary of State for India, and friend of Phineas Finn . Mostly peripheral to the plot, Legge Wilson often resurfaces at important moments, for instance, introducing the fabulously wealthy financial speculator Mr Melmotte to the Emperor of China. PF, ED, PR, WWLN JMR Julia Miele...

Tunstall, Sir Henry

Tunstall, Sir Henry   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Tunstall, Sir Henry , hero and narrator of Branwell Brontë 's poem ‘Sir Henry Tunstall’ . After sixteen years away distinguishing himself in military service in India, he returns home to England and his family a disillusioned man, changed in mind and body and feeling alienated from his...

Biffin, Major

Biffin, Major   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Major , military-looking gentleman on board the Cagliari , ‘dry as a barber's block’ (XL), who, having assiduously courted Mrs Cox all the way from India, is temporarily ousted by George Bertram . However, in consideration of his ‘snug little income’ (XL), he regains the widow's favour and before leaving the ship has been induced to make a proposal of marriage. B MRS Monika Rydygier...

‘Alice Dugdale’

‘Alice Dugdale’   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Dugdale lives in the village of Beetham in the south of England, and is a main support of her doctor father and ineffectual stepmother. The village parson, who is very fond of Alice, as is everyone in Beetham, has a successful son, Major John Rossiter , who has returned from India with great prospects. John is torn between marrying the high-born, handsome, but cold-hearted Georgiana Wanless and humble Alice . He eventually settles on Miss Dugdale . JS John...

Marrable, Captain Walter

Marrable, Captain Walter   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Captain Walter , impetuous, self-centred, and handsome son of Colonel Marrable . Returning home from India, he learns that his father has robbed him of his fortune, and he nurses his injury bitterly. He falls inlove with Mary Lowther but they break their engagement until he learns he will be heir to his uncle Sir Gregory 's estate. His fickle affections are swayed by money and opportunity, but his headstrong, fierce character is ultimately rewarded with an estate, baronetcy, and the beautiful Mary . VB SRB Sheila...

Grantly, Major Henry

Grantly, Major Henry   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Major Henry , second son of Archdeacon Grantly of Barchester . Having won a Victoria Cross in India, he returns to Barsetshire, a widower under 30 with a young daughter, Edith, and falls in love with Grace Crawley , an attachment that causes his father to threaten cutting his portion. Enraged, Major Grantly threatens to sell off Cosby Lodge . His boyhood is described in The Warden and Barchester Towers . Satire based on Henry *Phillpotts . LCB NCS Nelson C....

Aornos, Mount

Aornos, Mount   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...north of Verdopolis , this is the ‘Mt Olympus’ of the Glass Town and Angrian saga and reputed home of the god‐like Chief Genii . It features only in the early stories of the saga and is presumably part of the Jibbel Kumri . The Aornos is a huge rock near the Ganges River in India, a natural fortress with a flat summit of arable land and water. The Brontës would have read of its capture in the campaigns of Alexander the...

Martyn, Henry

Martyn, Henry (1781–1812)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Martyn, Henry ( 1781–1812 ) , missionary to India; a brilliant scholar at St John's College, Cambridge, and curate to Revd Charles Simeon . An ardent evangelical, sympathetic to Revd Patrick Brontë , he helped to secure for him £10 per year from Wilberforce and Henry Thornton , 1804–6 . His austere commitment to missionary work inimical to his frail health, and his parting from Lydia Grenfell , may be echoed in St John Rivers...

Chesney, Sir George Tomkyns

Chesney, Sir George Tomkyns (d. 1895)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
123 words

...Sir George Tomkyns ( d. 1895 ) , military officer (promoted general in 1892 ), who served mainly in India. Trollope 's setting for The Fixed Period may have been in flu enced by Chesney's ‘The Battle of Dorking, or Reminiscences of a Volunteer’. Published in Blackwoods Magazine ( May 1871 ) shortly before Samuel Butler 's Erewhon ( 1872 ), Chesney's imaginary German invasion of England made a case for national defence volunteers. Trollope referred to this story in The Life of Cicero : ‘In truth, the great doings of the world do not much...

Seringapatan

Seringapatan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
116 words

...Seringapatan , an elderly veteran in the Islanders' Play, named after Seringapatam [ sic ], the district in India where the Duke of Wellington first gained military success. Formerly under Wellington's military command, he lives in one of the soldiers’ cottages in the great park of Strathfield-say . He is characterized as a ‘bookish neighbour’, with a nose like an eagle's beak, an eye ‘of true Milesian origin’, an enormous mouth stretching from ear to ear, grizzled grey hairs plaited into a long queue, muscles like those of Hercules, and the bones of a...

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