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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

India

India   Reference library

Nalini Natarajan

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
236 words

... . Dickens's popularity in India offers a noteworthy contrast to the lack of reference in his novels to India and the rest of the Empire, except as a backdrop to his central concern with English experience. India, along with Africa and the Caribbean, is only a convenient space to which characters are shipped off or where they can make their future ( see emigration ). In the novels, India is a land distant and exotic. It lends bogus respectability to Montague Tigg's Anglo-Bengalee Disinterested Loan and Life Assurance Company ( MC 27 et seq. ); it is...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
2,289 words
Illustration(s):
1

... . A secular, multiparty federal republic in South Asia, covering an area of 3.28 million square kilometers, India extends from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean, and from the Rajasthan desert to the Ganges delta and rain forests. This geographical diversity is reflected in its multiethnic, multicultural population of more than one billion people. The government recognizes eighteen major languages (including English) and 1,652 dialects. India . Front cover for Tales of Arjuna, in the series Amar Chitra Katha: The Glorious Heritage of India (Bangalore: ...

India

India   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... The country is so named from its main river, the Indus, itself from Sanskrit sindhu , ‘river’. Related words are ‘Hindu’ (the religion and its adherents) and ‘Hindi’ (the language and its speakers). Hindustan is the stan or ‘country’ of the Hindus. See also hinduism . India paper A creamy coloured printing paper, originally made in China and Japan from vegetable fibre, and used for taking off the finest proofs of engraved plates. The India paper (or Oxford India paper) used for printing Bibles and high-class ‘thin paper’ and ‘pocket’ editions is a...

India

India   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
182 words

... ad. (Europeans thought that the Chinese lived north of India and the Himalayas and south-east of the Scythians , by the Eastern Ocean ( see Oceanus ).) It is reported that in the time of Augustus 120 ships sailed to India every year. The chief Indian imports to Rome were perfumes and spices, gems including pearls and ivory, textiles and Chinese silk. Large hoards of Roman coins have been found in south India. From the third century ad trade declined and India became once more a fabulous land to...

India

India   Reference library

Ania Loomba

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... . Shakespeare’s plays, on the stage as well as in the classroom, were to become a central feature of the English presence and its legacy in India. As the privileged core of colonial English education, they were used to bolster ideas of English superiority over the culture and literature of the ‘natives’. On the stage, Shakespeare was staple fare for amateur theatricals of the English resident in India as well as for Indian students of European-style colleges all over the country. Western-style public theatres were established in Calcutta, Bombay, and...

India, Francesco

India, Francesco   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
68 words

..., Francesco (16th–17th c.). Veronese doctor who wrote treatises on scientific, literary, and philosophical subjects. These include Discorsi della bellezza e della grazia ( 1597 ), another discorso on Della Casa 's sonnet ‘Questa vita mortal’ ( 1602 ), and L'heroe overo della virtù heroica ( 1591 ), which defines a hero as anybody who has excelled in his own field, and gives as an example another Veronese doctor, Marc'Antonio Della Torre . [ Francesca Chiarelli...

East India Company

East India Company   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...India Company , which began as a commercial venture, became the instrument for Britain's conquest of India and more generally a vehicle for the dissemination of British economic, strategic, and cultural influence throughout monsoon Asia [ see *empire, 5 ; Warren *Hastings ]. Launched in 1600 by a group of London merchants, the Company won a royal charter giving it exclusive rights over the Asian trade. This was one pillar of its commercial success. The other was its financial structure. The East India Company was one of the first of the new joint-stock...

India and Ceylon

India and Ceylon   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
318 words

... and Ceylon . Trollope considered writing a book on India in 1860 , but the project fell through, and he never visited ‘the brightest jewel in the English crown’. His visit to Ceylon en route to Australia in 1875 was described in a series of letters to the Liverpool Mercury ( The Tireless Traveller , ed. B. Booth 1941 ). His portrayal of Britishers from India in The Bertrams was not flattering. British rule in the subcontinent of India in 1860 was close to its maximum extent, and had recently survived a massive challenge in the Indian Mutiny of...

Passage to India

Passage to India   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
211 words

...to India , poem by Whitman , the title piece of a pamphlet ( 1871 ), was incorporated in Leaves of Grass ( 1876 ). Ostensibly celebrating the completion of the Suez Canal and the transcontinental railroad ( 1869 ), and such other links as the Atlantic cable ( 1866 ), which would effect “the marriage of continents,” the poem asserts that it is not only the “facts of modern science,” but also the “myths and fables of eld … The deep diving bibles and legends,” which will unify the world. The welding process must be carried on “not for trade or...

Passage to India

Passage to India   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
217 words

...Passage to India , poem by Whitman , the title piece of a pamphlet ( 1871 ), was incorporated in Leaves of Grass 1876 . Ostensibly celebrating the completion of the Suez Canal and the transcontinental railroad ( 1869 ), and such other links as the Atlantic cable ( 1866 ), which would effect “the marriage of continents,” the poem asserts that it is not only the “facts of modern science,” but also the “myths and fables of eld … The deep diving bibles and legends,” which will unify the world. The welding process must be carried on “not for trade or transportation...

India, Poetry of

India, Poetry of   Reference library

V. Dharwadker

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
3,829 words

..., Poetry of I. Ancient Period (ca. 1200 bce –1200 ce ) II. Middle Period (ca. 1200–1800 ce ) III. Modern Period (since ca. 1800) The term Indian poetry commonly refers to an immense and diverse body of poetry produced on the Indian subcontinent and by authors of subcontinental origin, since about 1200 bce . Also known as South Asia, this region is now divided into seven nations (incl. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka) and is as large and varied as western Europe. Indian poetry does not belong to a unified, monolingual...

Passage to India, A

Passage to India, A   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference

...and Aziz years later, on the former's return to India, where the young doctor, now working in another part of the country, encounters his former friend and learns something which helps to mitigate the bitterness he has felt against the British as a result of the ‘Marabar Case’. The novel ends with his realization that he and Fielding can only truly be friends once India is free: ‘India shall be a nation! No foreigners of any sort! Hindu and Moslem and Sikh and all shall be one! Hurrah! Hurrah for India...

Passage to India, A

Passage to India, A   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
294 words

...to India, A Last‐written novel by E. M. Forster , published 1924 . It portrays a restive India under the British Raj, the clash between East and West, tensions between Hindus and Muslims, and the disastrous consequences of prejudice and ‘muddle’. The story is told in three parts and concerns Aziz, a young Muslim doctor, whose friendliness and enthusiasm for the British turn to bitterness and disillusionment. A sympathy springs up between him and the elderly Mrs Moore, who has come to visit her son Ronny Heaslop, the city magistrate. Accompanying her...

Passage to India, A

Passage to India, A   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
264 words

...to India, A Last‐written novel by E. M. Forster , published 1924 . It portrays a restive India under the British Raj, the clash between East and West, tensions between Hindus and Muslims, and the disastrous consequences of prejudice and ‘muddle’. The story is told in three parts and concerns Aziz, a young Muslim doctor, whose friendliness and enthusiasm for the British turn to bitterness and disillusionment. A sympathy springs up between him and the elderly Mrs Moore, who has come to visit her son the city magistrate. Accompanying her is Adela Quested,...

India, English Poetry of

India, English Poetry of   Reference library

A. K. Mehrotra

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,267 words

...Lord Byron and P. B. Shelley , and the Gr. war of independence all found their way into it. The new lit. that marks its beginning with Derozio has since had many unsatisfactory names: Indo-Eng., India-Eng., Indian Eng., Indo-Anglian, and even Anglo-Indian. In “The Harp of India,” the famous opening sonnet of Poems , the poet sang of India before there was an India to sing of or sing to: “Thy music once was sweet—who hears it now?” Later, often decades later, others in the Indian langs. picked up the nationalist theme. An irony of Brit. colonialism was that,...

Misnar, the Sultan of India

Misnar, the Sultan of India   Reference library

Paul Schlicke

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...the Sultan of India . Dickens's earliest known work, a tragedy written when he was 9, based on ‘The Enchantress’, a tale from James Ridley 's pseudo-Oriental Tales of the Genii ( 1764 ; see Arabian Nights ). The manuscript has not survived. Paul Schlicke Stedman, Jane W. , ‘ Good Spirits: Dickens's Childhood Reading ’, Dickensian , 61 (1965)....

India

India n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Original Shakespearean Pronunciation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...India n m =, 'ɪndɪˌa sp India 7 ...

Passage to India, A

Passage to India, A   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...to India, A . A novel ( 1924 ) by E.M. Forster ( 1879–1970 ) whose three parts represent respectively the Muslim, Western and Hindu approaches to truth, rationality and spirituality. Forster visited India in 1912–13 , when he saw the Barabar Hills, which became in his novel the Marabar Caves, where the fateful encounter takes place that is at the heart of the book. He returned to India for six months in 1921 , to act as secretary to the Maharaja of Dewas, after which he went back to writing the novel, which he had begun in 1913 . The title comes from...

India paper

India paper  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A very thin, tough, soft, absorbent unsized opaque buff paper, introduced from China about 1750. It was also known as India (proof) paper since it came from East Asia. Made ...
Macmillan (India)

Macmillan (India)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In 1875, Alexander Macmillan took over a school series from Thacker, Spink, & Co. to begin his Indian textbook list. Maurice Macmillan assumed control of the Indian Branch in 1886 ...

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