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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

East India Company

East India Company   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
154 words

...India Company Incorporated on 31 December 1600 , this joint‐stock company established trading stations in India and the East Indies and served as the agent of British administration there. By the later 17th century the members of the Company were very wealthy. Many middle‐class families prospered through membership over three or four generations. After the Indian Revolt of 1857 the company was taken over by the Crown. See Philip Lawson , The East India Company: A History (1993) , and Tom Almeroth‐Williams , ‘ Records of the Raj ’, Ancestors , 57...

East India Company

East India Company   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
86 words

...India Company . Incorporated on 31 December 1600 , this joint-stock company established trading stations in India and the East Indies and served as the agent of British administration there. After the Indian Mutiny of 1857 the company was taken over by the Crown. The Company's archives can be consulted at the India Office Library, Orbit House, Blackfriars Bridge Road, London SE1. The records of baptism, marriage, and burial in India date from the late 17th century. From 1803 annual printed lists name all the Company's...

India Office Library and records

India Office Library and records   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
48 words

... Office Library and records Information concerning the archives of the East India Company and the India Office, from 1600 to 1947 , can be viewed online. Around 300 000 records for British and European people in India are available on the family history database. http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpregion/asia/india/indiaofficerecords/indiaofficehub.html India Office...

India Office Library and records

India Office Library and records   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
29 words

... Office Library and records . The archives of the East India Company and the India Office, from 1600 to 1947 , are kept at Orbit House, Blackfriars Road, London...

South Asian Genealogy

South Asian Genealogy   Quick reference

Abi Husainy

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
3,254 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...name online. The most exalted order of the Star of India was given to many maharajas, nawabs, rajas, and nizams of Hyderabad, as well as to civilians. The India Office List gives the names of recipients of the Kaiser‐i‐Hind medal and the Order of India medal. The India Army Quarterly List for 1 January 1912 , available online, gives the names of British and Indian officers and their regiments. Indian seamen served on British merchant ships. References to such Lascars can be found at TNA and at the India Office records in the British Library . Harsh...

African‐Caribbean Genealogy

African‐Caribbean Genealogy   Quick reference

Guy Grannum

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,002 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... contain less information, recording only name, name at birth if different, address, and place and date of birth. TNA does not hold indexes to these registrations; tax registration number can be obtained from the Home Office, Immigration, and Nationality Directorate, 3rd Floor, India Buildings, Water Street, Liverpool L2 0QN. Third, wills can be used to find out if someone had family or property in the Caribbean, and during the period of slavery these may give information on slaves and their family. Most wills for people who died in the Caribbean are proved...

chartered company

chartered company   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
32 words

...company A company of merchants , e.g. the Merchant Adventurers’, the East India Company , and the Hudson's Bay Company , which were incorporated by royal or parliamentary charter , and received certain monopoly...

spice

spice   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
50 words

...Spices from the East came via the Mediterranean in the Middle Ages. The East India Company was the major provider once a sea route around Africa was established. Household accounts and the probate inventories of shopkeepers show that spices were widely available, even in places distant from the...

wallpaper

wallpaper   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
164 words

...in the late 17th century. The standard roll size of that time, 36 feet long and 22 inches wide, remains in use to this day. From the 1690s until the 19th century Chinese hand‐painted papers were particularly popular in great houses; as they were imported from China by the East India Company, they were often known as ‘Indian’ papers. Those at Nostell Priory (Yorkshire), which depict many different kinds of birds in brilliant blues, pinks, and greens, were purchased in 1771 . Duty was imposed on rolls from 1712 to 1860 . Machine‐made papers were first...

cholera

cholera   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
141 words

...A water‐borne disease endemic in India, which struck Britain in 1831–2 and again in 1848 . It caused violent vomiting and was very often fatal. About 53 000 people in England and Wales died in the 1831–2 outbreak; the victims were mostly from the poorest section of the population in the insanitary districts of industrial towns. Official and popular reactions were very similar to those in the 16th and 17th centuries in the face of plague . The authorities enforced some measures of quarantine, but were reluctant to be very strict because they feared...

docks, dockyards

docks, dockyards   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
344 words

...19th century London's docking facilities were greatly extended in the East End and the area was transformed as thousands of immigrants came to live and work there. The West India Dock, which was opened on the Isle of Dogs in 1802 , was half a mile in length and accommodated up to 600 ships. It was soon followed by the London Docks on the north bank of the Thames at Wapping, the East India Dock at Blackwall, and St Katherine Docks by the Tower, so that by 1828 London possessed by far the largest dock system in the world. Huge warehouses which enclosed the...

coinage

coinage   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
206 words

... Restoration some new coins were minted, including the guinea . The abbreviated Latin inscriptions on coins refer to the monarch's role as ‘Defender of the Faith’ and head of the Church of England . From 1877 to 1947 the inscription also noted that the monarch was Emperor of India. Until 1971 , when decimal coinage was introduced, coins were valued as 12 pence ( d .) = 1 shilling ( s .), 20 shillings = 1 pound (£). See H. Seaby , The Story of British Coinage (1985) , and Lionel Munby , How Much Is That Worth? ...

South Africa

South Africa   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
202 words

...Africa The Dutch East India Company was responsible for the first European settlers in the 17th and 18th centuries. The settlers lived in the Cape Colony, which by 1740 comprised about 4 000 free burghers and their families, of Dutch, German, Walloon, and Huguenot descent , and about 1 500 Company servants and soldiers and their families. By 1800 Cape Colony contained about 16 000 people of European descent, 17 000 slaves, and an unknown number of Khoikhoi and Bushmen. The numbers of British settlers increased in the early 19th century, but by the...

wars, foreign

wars, foreign   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
461 words

...England, Africa, and India. See Linda Colley , Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707–1837 (1992). The American colonies were lost as a result of the War of Independence ( 1775–83 ). The major and prolonged conflict known as the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars lasted from 1793 to 1815 . France subsequently ceased to be the traditional enemy of the English and fought with the British against the Russians in the Crimean War ( 1854–6 ). British military activity was thereafter largely concentrated on consolidating an empire in India and Africa,...

Chinese immigrants

Chinese immigrants   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
266 words

...London. About half the immigrants came from Hong Kong. In earlier times the Chinese population was largely concentrated in London, though small colonies were also found in some other ports, e.g. Cardiff and Liverpool; these colonies consisted of seamen who worked for the East India Company and other shipping firms. White sailors regarded them as cheap and docile labour, and much hostile propaganda about ‘opium dens’ fuelled occasional violence. By the 1880s a Chinese quarter had been created in Limehouse, centred on just two streets. Work was at first...

plague

plague   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
515 words

...of the 20th century the plague that was endemic in Britain from at least the Black Death of 1348–50 until its mysterious disappearance after 1666 was generally thought to be bubonic plague transmitted to humans by fleas carried by rodents, a disease that was widespread in India and south‐east Asia towards the end of the 19th century. This view was challenged by Graham Twigg , The Black Death: A Biological Reappraisal ( 1984 ), then by Susan Scott and Christopher Duncan , Biology of Plagues: Evidence from Historical Populations ( 2001 ), which...

ships

ships   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
476 words

...of information, for ships were a favourite subject for artists. See also P. Mathias and A. W. H. Pearsall (eds), Shipping: A Survey of Historical Records (1971). The heyday of the wooden sailing ship, or clipper, was during the 18th and early 19th centuries, when the East India Company and other companies traded with far‐flung parts of the world ( see also trade, coasting ). The Royal Navy's most famous warship, HMS Victory , Lord Nelson's ship at the battle of Trafalgar ( 1805 ), and the world's first iron‐hulled, armoured warship, HMS Warrior (...

British Library

British Library   Quick reference

Nigel Ramsay

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
1,992 words

...collections of the former National Lending Library now form part of the BL's stock of books that is housed at Boston Spa in Yorkshire, where there are further reading rooms. The extensive collections of the former India Office (including the archive of the East India Company) include much information about British people who either worked in India or were born there. Yet a further BL resource is the British Library Sound Archive (formerly called the National Sound Archive), which has over 3 million items; it is based at the St Pancras site. The Sound Archive...

army records

army records   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
738 words

...formed part of the British Army after 1707 and are therefore recorded as above, but for additional information, see Cecil Sinclair , Tracing Your Scottish Ancestors (2004). Irish Army records since 1922 are housed at the Public Record Office, Dublin. See also East India Company ; militia records ; world wars, records of . http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/researchguidesindex.asp Armed Forces. http://www.army.mod.uk/museums/index.htm Regimental museums. http://www.egframes.co.uk/indexbadge.htm Army badges. http://www.1914-1918.net ...

cholera

cholera   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
17 words

.... A water-borne disease endemic in India, which struck Britain in 1831–2 and again in 1848...

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