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Overview

India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

black and red ware

black and red ware  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Type of pottery found in many parts of India which is black on the inside and around the rim and red on the exterior surface. Generally dated to the Chalcolithic through to the Iron Age.
painted grey ware

painted grey ware  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Fineware frequently decorated with simple designs in red or black paint including circles and pothooks. Characteristic of the Ganges civilization of northern India. Later 2nd and early 1st ...
Sylvia Benton

Sylvia Benton  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1887–1985) [Bi]British archaeologist who specialized in Greek archaeology. Born in India, she was educated in England, read classics at Girton College, Cambridge, and then trained as a teacher. ...
Banas Culture

Banas Culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]The name given to a series of early Bronze Age agricultural communities living along the Banas River in Rajasthan, India, in the early 2nd millennium bc. Their material culture is characterized ...
ochre-coloured pottery

ochre-coloured pottery  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A type of thick red‐coloured pottery with an ochre wash on the surface found at sites in the upper Ganges Valley of India and Pakistan. Dating to the later 2nd millennium bc, it bridges the ...
Silk Road

Silk Road  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
An ancient caravan route linking China with the West, used from Roman times onwards and taking its name from the silk that was a major Chinese export. By this route Christianity and (from India) ...
northern black polished ware

northern black polished ware  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A type of pottery found in the lower Ganges and Punjab regions of India and Pakistan that dates to the period between 500 bc and 100 bc. Distinctive in being a very fine grey coloured ware with a ...
red polished ware

red polished ware  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Type of pottery produced in south Asia in the early 1st millennium ad characterized by a red or orange slip that is burnished to produce a glossy surface. Such wares are found along coastal ...
Henry Rawlinson

Henry Rawlinson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1810–1895), was born in Oxfordshire, England. He was appointed an officer cadet in the East India Company in 1827, and soon demonstrated a remarkable ability at languages, mastering five Eastern ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (1592–1666) in memory of his favourite wife, completed c.1649. Set in formal gardens, the domed building in white marble is reflected in a ...
Lydians

Lydians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]The inhabitants of a small kingdom in western Turkey that flourished early in the 1st millennium bc. The capital at Sardis became rich as a result of exploiting gold in the nearby Pactolus River, ...
World Archaeological Congress

World Archaeological Congress  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(WAC)[Or]An international forum for discussing the study of the past. Founded in 1986 following the repudiation by the existing international conference, the International Union of Prehistoric and ...
Wheeler system

Wheeler system  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Te]A method of setting out archaeological excavation trenches in a pattern of regular square or rectangular boxes with baulks between, pioneered by Sir Mortimer Wheeler at sites in India and ...
Margaret Murray

Margaret Murray  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1863–1963) [Bi]British archaeologist well known for her work in Egypt. Born in Calcutta, she spent most of her childhood and adolescence in India. In 1893 she enrolled for a course of study at ...
Chang'an

Chang'an  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Chinese capital of the Former Han (202 bce to 9 ce) and Sui-tʾang (590–906 ce) dynasties. The present city on the site is Sian (Xian).
Charles Bradlaugh

Charles Bradlaugh  

(1833–91)British social reformer. A republican and keen supporter of reform movements, he was tried, with Annie Besant, in 1877–78 for printing a pamphlet on birth control. The charge failed and ...
Horatio Gates

Horatio Gates  

(1728–1806)American general, born in England. He fought under General Braddock and Baron Amherst in the French and Indian wars but thereafter supported the American cause in the War of Independence. ...
Indus civilization

Indus civilization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A highly developed urban civilization in the lower valley of the River Indus, in South Asia, which flourished from about 2500 to 1500 bc. Archaeological excavation, which began in the 1920s, is still ...
Roman

Roman  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]One of the largest ancient empire states known, the Roman Empire began in central Italy in the middle of the 1st millennium bc. In the wake of collapsing Etruscan cultures, Rome expanded through ...

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