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India

Subject: History

The world's largest democracy has a rich and diverse culture. Now, it is also achieving more rapid economic growth India's vast territory can be divided into three main regions ...

Ajanta, India

Ajanta, India   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
80 words

...India [Si] A Buddhist shrine in central India where a series of 28 rock‐cut temples were constructed along the northern shore of the Waghora River between the 1st century bc and the 5th century ad . On the walls are scenes from the Jatakas, stories about the lives of the Buddha in earlier incarnations. At its height, Ajanta was home to more than 200 monks. Sum.: R. Gupte and B. D. Mahajan , 1962, Ajanta, Ellora and Aurangabad caves . Bombay:...

Delhi, India

Delhi, India   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
183 words

...India [Si] Situated on the banks of the Yamuna River at the western end of the Ganga Valley, the modern capital of India has under and around it much of the ancient past. The earliest occupation appears to be the town of Indrapratha, home of the Mahabharata hero King Yudhishthira in the early 1st millennium bc , now under the Purana Qila (the Old Fort). By the 3rd century bc it was an important point on the trade routes between China and the west. The Tomara Rajputs made it their capital in ad 736 , calling the town Dhillika. It was captured by...

Taj Mahal, India

Taj Mahal, India   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
213 words

...Mahal, India [Si] Overlooking the River Yamuna, the Taj Mahal is a classic example of Moghul architecture, with the Taj itself built as a mausoleum at the northern end of an extensive formal walled garden designed in the charbagh style and structured on the Islamic theme of ‘paradise’. The whole site was built by Shah Jahan between ad 1632 and 1653 as the final resting place of his favourite wife, Arjumand Bann Begum (also known as Mumtaz Mahal), who died in ad 1631 shortly after giving birth to their fourteenth child. Upon his death in ad ...

black and red ware

black and red ware  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
[Ar]Type of pottery found in many parts of India which is black on the inside and around the rim and red on the exterior surface. Generally dated to the Chalcolithic through to the Iron Age.
painted grey ware

painted grey ware  

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Archaeology
[Ar]Fineware frequently decorated with simple designs in red or black paint including circles and pothooks. Characteristic of the Ganges civilization of northern India. Later 2nd and early 1st ...
Banas Culture

Banas Culture  

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Archaeology
[CP]The name given to a series of early Bronze Age agricultural communities living along the Banas River in Rajasthan, India, in the early 2nd millennium bc. Their material culture is characterized ...
Sylvia Benton

Sylvia Benton  

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Archaeology
(1887–1985) [Bi]British archaeologist who specialized in Greek archaeology. Born in India, she was educated in England, read classics at Girton College, Cambridge, and then trained as a teacher. ...
Henry Rawlinson

Henry Rawlinson  

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Archaeology
(1810–1895), was born in Oxfordshire, England. He was appointed an officer cadet in the East India Company in 1827, and soon demonstrated a remarkable ability at languages, mastering five Eastern ...
red polished ware

red polished ware  

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Archaeology
[Ar]Type of pottery produced in south Asia in the early 1st millennium ad characterized by a red or orange slip that is burnished to produce a glossy surface. Such wares are found along coastal ...
ochre-coloured pottery

ochre-coloured pottery  

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Archaeology
[Ar]A type of thick red‐coloured pottery with an ochre wash on the surface found at sites in the upper Ganges Valley of India and Pakistan. Dating to the later 2nd millennium bc, it bridges the ...
northern black polished ware

northern black polished ware  

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Archaeology
[Ar]A type of pottery found in the lower Ganges and Punjab regions of India and Pakistan that dates to the period between 500 bc and 100 bc. Distinctive in being a very fine grey coloured ware with a ...
Silk Road

Silk Road  

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Subject:
Archaeology
An ancient caravan route linking China with the West, used from Roman times onwards and taking its name from the silk that was a major Chinese export. By this route Christianity and (from India) ...
Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal  

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Archaeology
A mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (1592–1666) in memory of his favourite wife, completed c.1649. Set in formal gardens, the domed building in white marble is reflected in a ...
Wheeler system

Wheeler system  

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Archaeology
[Te]A method of setting out archaeological excavation trenches in a pattern of regular square or rectangular boxes with baulks between, pioneered by Sir Mortimer Wheeler at sites in India and ...
World Archaeological Congress

World Archaeological Congress  

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Archaeology
(WAC)[Or]An international forum for discussing the study of the past. Founded in 1986 following the repudiation by the existing international conference, the International Union of Prehistoric and ...
Margaret Murray

Margaret Murray  

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Archaeology
(1863–1963) [Bi]British archaeologist well known for her work in Egypt. Born in Calcutta, she spent most of her childhood and adolescence in India. In 1893 she enrolled for a course of study at ...
Lydians

Lydians  

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Archaeology
[CP]The inhabitants of a small kingdom in western Turkey that flourished early in the 1st millennium bc. The capital at Sardis became rich as a result of exploiting gold in the nearby Pactolus River, ...
Chang'an

Chang'an  

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Archaeology
Chinese capital of the Former Han (202 bce to 9 ce) and Sui-tʾang (590–906 ce) dynasties. The present city on the site is Sian (Xian).
Roman

Roman  

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Archaeology
[CP]One of the largest ancient empire states known, the Roman Empire began in central Italy in the middle of the 1st millennium bc. In the wake of collapsing Etruscan cultures, Rome expanded through ...
Indus civilization

Indus civilization  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
A highly developed urban civilization in the lower valley of the River Indus, in South Asia, which flourished from about 2500 to 1500 bc. Archaeological excavation, which began in the 1920s, is still ...

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