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Grigori Zinoviev

(b. 11 Sept. 1883, d. 25 Aug. 1936). Soviet politician Born Radomyslsky Apfelbaum in Elizavetgrad, he joined the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1901 and supported the ...

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin  

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(born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (1879–1953) Soviet statesman, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR (1922–53). Born in Georgia, he joined the Bolsheviks under Lenin in 1903 ...
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Preobrazhensky

Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Preobrazhensky  

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(b. Bolkhoz, Central Russia, 1886; d. 1937)Russian; ‘Old Bolshevik’ and political theorist Preobrazhensky was the son of an Orthodox priest, and was a revolutionary sympathizer by the time he left ...
Andrei Yanuarovich Vyshinsky

Andrei Yanuarovich Vyshinsky  

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(b. Odessa, 11 Dec. 1883; d. New York, 22 Nov. 1954)Russian; Chief Procurator of the USSR 1935–9, Minister of Foreign Affairs 1949–53 Vyshinsky was of Polish extraction, the son of middle-class ...
Sergei Mironovich Kirov

Sergei Mironovich Kirov  

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(b. 27 Mar. 1886, d. 1 Dec. 1934).Russian Communist revolutionaryBorn in Urzhum in the Vyatka province, he moved to St Petersburg, where he became an effective Bolshevik organizer in the Russian ...
Bolshevism

Bolshevism  

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Political theory and practice of the Bolshevik Party which, under Lenin, came to power during the Russian Revolution of October 1917. The Bolshevik (meaning ‘majority’) radical communist faction ...

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