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Giorgio Agamben

(1942–) Italianphilosopher best known for his concept of homo sacer. Agamben studied at the University of Rome, completing a doctorate on the political thought of Simone Weil. In ...

Articulations of Sovereignty

Articulations of Sovereignty   Reference library

Claudia Aradau

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,153 words

...in the nineteenth century, biopolitics is an eighteenth century development, and empire appears to be a post–World War II development. Some of the criticisms formulated against these periodizations have upheld continuity against discontinuity and vice versa. For example, Giorgio Agamben ( 1998 ) has argued for the continuity of biopolitics since Roman law. Barkawi and Laffey ( 2002 ) have been critical of Hardt and Negri's Empire for positing a break between the modern and the postmodern. Some of these debates about what constitutes change in the...

Critical Theory, Security, and Emancipation

Critical Theory, Security, and Emancipation   Reference library

K.M. Fierke

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,071 words

...to what Giorgio Agamben ( 1998 ) refers to as “bare life.” The citizen of “normal politics,” derived, for instance, from Aristotle’s conception, engages in political debate and decision making. In Foucault’s argument, sovereign power revolves around the governance of populations and biological life rather than political life. The subject of politics is no longer the potential agency of the citizen, but the management of life itself. In this respect, the founding political image of the West has shifted from “Athens to Auschwitz” ( Agamben 2004 :169). Auschwitz...

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core

Sovereignty as a Problematic Conceptual Core   Reference library

Rosemary E. Shinko

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,792 words

...Ethics and Violence: War against the Other . London: Routledge. Burns, J. (ed.) (1991) The Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450–1700 . Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Calarco, M. , and DeCaroli, S. (eds.) (2006) Sovereignty and Life: Essays on Giorgio Agamben . Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Camilleri, J. , and Falk, J. (1992) The End of Sovereignty? The Politics of a Shrinking and Fragmenting World . Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. Campbell, D. (1993) Politics without Principle: Sovereignty, Ethics, and the Narratives...

Security Practices

Security Practices   Reference library

Thierry Balzacq, Tugba Basaran, Didier Bigo, Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet, and Christian Olsson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,959 words

...in other words, an abnormalization of parts of society by creating lines of division and exclusion inside each society along distinct but overlapping criteria: gender, class, poverty, race, ability to move. Combining the term “ban” used by Jean-Luc Nancy, as refigured by Giorgio Agamben, and the term “opticon,” as used by Foucault, we call this a “ban-opticon” ( Bigo 2006a ; 2006b ). The concept of ban-opticon, as opposed to that of “pan-opticon,” allows us to understand how a network of heterogeneous and transversal practices functions and makes sense as...

Geographic Insights into Political Identity

Geographic Insights into Political Identity   Reference library

Emily Gilbert

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,308 words

...K. (2006) Demonic Grounds: Black Women and the Cartographies of Struggle . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. McKittrick, K. , and Woods, C. (eds.) (2007) Black Geographies and the Politics of Place . Cambridge: South End Press. Minca, C. (2006) Giorgio Agamben and the New Biopolitical Nomos. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 88 (4), 387–403. Mitchell, D. (2003) The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space . New York: Guilford Press. Mitchell, K. (1997) Different Diasporas and the Hype of...

Late Modernity/Postmodernity

Late Modernity/Postmodernity   Reference library

Alina Sajed

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,952 words

...theorists whose works have had enormous currency in the development of research projects focused on migration and securitization, on globalization, and on global technologies of risk, such as Pierre Bourdieu ( Bigo 2002 ; Leander 2005 ; Bigo and Tsoukala 2008b ), Giorgio Agamben ( Nyers 2006b ; Constantinou 2008 ; Huysmans 2008 ), Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari ( Doty 1999 ; 2003 ; Walters 2006 ), Paul Virilio ( Connolly 2002b ; Nyers 2006a ), and Ulrich Beck ( Aradau et al. 2008 ). This expanding agenda relies on the notion...

Feminisms Troubling the Boundaries of International Relations

Feminisms Troubling the Boundaries of International Relations   Reference library

Christine Sylvester

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,292 words

...as they face a world of complex identities and politics. Christine Sylvester Lancaster University References Ackerly, Brooke , Stern, Maria , and True, Jacqui (2006) Feminist Methodologies for International Relations . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Agamben, Giorgio (1998) Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life , trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen . Stanford: Stanford University Press. Alarcon, Norma (1990) The Theoretical Subject(s) of This Bridge Called My Back and Anglo-American Feminism. In Gloria Anzaldua (ed.) Making Face, Making...

Intersecting Geographies of Institutions and Sovereignty

Intersecting Geographies of Institutions and Sovereignty   Reference library

Alexander B. Murphy

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,763 words

...such as in borderlands or military bases overseas, human rights are threatened. The advancement of universal human rights may well depend on strong state sovereignty, not its erosion” ( 2005 :38). The counterargument is that a space of exception (using the term coined by Giorgio Agamben ) such as Guantánamo Bay is a product of a territorial state. Taking a different tack, Derek Gregory ( 2006 ) argues that we should not simply accept Guantánamo Bay as a space of exception, but see it instead as a space of struggle, where arguments can (and should) be...

Poststructuralism and Security

Poststructuralism and Security   Reference library

Lene Hansen

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,598 words

...programs of so-called extraordinary rendition through which suspected terrorists were believed to be transferred to regimes suspected of using torture. One group of scholars drew upon the work on the exception by Carl Schmitt , the more recent Italian political philosopher Giorgio Agamben , and Foucault in discussions of how these practices accentuated the tension between security and liberty at the heart of liberal discourse ( Huysmans 2006 ; Jabri 2006 ; Neal 2006 ; Walker 2006 ). Another body of work continued the Foucauldian concern with practices of...

International Organization and Crime, and Corruption

International Organization and Crime, and Corruption   Reference library

Frank G. Madsen

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
11,475 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the normal. In other words, the security regime considers reality and establishes several normal distributions – the norm is an interplay of differential normalities. Foucault's work had an enormous influence and it was taken up and continued by the Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben. Furthermore, Foucault's work and that of Giddens ( 1984 ) led to the development of a new branch of knowledge, surveillance studies , which is of core importance on an international level. Ultimately based on the philosophical findings of Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon (...

Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change: Explaining the Power Triangle

Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change: Explaining the Power Triangle   Reference library

Hazem Kandil

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Military in Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
6,676 words

...officers are beholden to the secret police. Many communist countries fit that model. Here, as Hannah Arendt put it, the security establishment becomes the “only openly ruling class” ( 1994 , pp. 425–430). They establish this by using security prerogatives to maintain what Giorgio Agamben described as a “permanent state of emergency,” turning policing and intimidation techniques into the mainstay of everyday governance ( 2005 , p. 2). In this scenario, the hostility between the military and security becomes an open secret. Stoking the paranoia of political...

Australia: Expanding and Applying the Field of Civil–Military Relations

Australia: Expanding and Applying the Field of Civil–Military Relations   Reference library

Ben Wadham and Willem de Lint

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Military in Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
10,477 words

...dissent: How the Australian government is controlling public opinion and stifling debate . Sydney, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin. Hayek, F. A. (2014). The road to serfdom: Text and documents . Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Humphreys, S. (2006). Legalizing lawlessness: On Giorgio Agamben’s state of exception. European Journal of International Law , 17 (3), 677–687. Huntington, S. (1957). The soldier and the state: The theory and politics of civil–military relations . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Janowitz, M. (1975). Essays in the institutional...

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