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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,317 words
Illustration(s):
2

...than achieving increases in productivity. The main commercial crop is cotton. Burkina Faso is one of the region’s leading producers, and cotton brings in around 15 per cent of export income. Other cash crops include shea nuts, sesame seeds, and sugar cane. Even so, only around 20 per cent of the land is under cultivation: much of the rest of the territory, particularly in the north, is given over to livestock, largely for export to neighbouring countries such as Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire. The economy of Burkina Faso is being transformed by the exploitation of...

Cuba

Cuba   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,453 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and by 2015 production was up to 1.6 million tonnes. Tobacco was the other main source of income but in this case production has increased. Other crops, including rice, fruit, and vegetables, have also done better. Cuba’s land reform created state farms, but also left around 20 per cent of the land with smallholders and cooperatives. Since then most state farms have been dissolved and transformed into ‘Unidades Básicas de Producción Cooperativa’ ( UBPCs ). This involves the government leasing land rent-free to former workers running financially...

Gabon

Gabon   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,266 words
Illustration(s):
2

...In the rural areas services for health and education are in a poor state. Although water supplies have improved and the infant mortality rate has started to fall, less than half of children are vaccinated. Life expectancy is lower than would be expected. Even in the urban areas 20 per cent of the population live below the poverty line. There are also many foreign workers—around one-fifth of the workforce—who come from neighbouring countries to perform the more menial tasks. The economy Agriculture is largely for subsistence, but only around 2 per cent of...

Niger

Niger   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,328 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Niger Basic information Land area: 1,267,000 sq. km People: Hausa 53%, Djerma 21%, Tuareg 11%, Fulani 7%, other 8% Language: French, Hausa, Djerma Religion: Muslim 80%, indigenous beliefs and Christian 20% Government: Republic Population (2017 estimate): 21.28 million Percentage urban: 18.7% Population estimate for 2035: 41.87 million Life expectancy at birth 2015: 62.9 (F), 61.1 (M) Capital city: Niamey, 1.1 million Currency: CFA franc Major exports: uranium, refined petroleum, gold, livestock, vegetables ...

Serbia

Serbia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,415 words
Illustration(s):
2

...wine industry. With further investment, yields could be improved. The agreement to give Serbia free access to the EU is helping its economy recover, but it still faces many problems including high government expenditure, a growing national debt, high unemployment of around 20 per cent, and a large black economy. Expenditure cuts and austerity measures will be needed to secure full IMF support to improve Serbia’s fiscal position. Contemporary politics The country’s political history from the mid-1980s to 2000 was dominated by Slobodan Milošević —a former...

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