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functional brain imaging

functional brain imaging  

Functional brain imaging refers to a group of technologies developed in the last quarter of the 20th century that allow the non‐invasive measurement of human brain activity. These technologies have ...
probability learning

probability learning  

A form of discrimination learning in which the positive stimulus is rewarded on a randomized proportion of trials. In humans, this is usually achieved with variations of the light-guessing experiment ...
decile

decile  

An approximate value for the rth decile of a data set can be read from a cumulative frequency graph as the value of the variable corresponding to a cumulative relative frequency of 10r%. So the 5th ...
Gestalt therapy

Gestalt therapy  

A form of counselling or psychotherapy, unconnected with Gestalt psychology, developed in the United States during the 1960s by the German-born psychiatrist Fritz (Frederick) Perls (1893–1970), in ...
retrograde amnesia

retrograde amnesia  

Loss of memory for events or experiences before a traumatic event or incident that causes the amnesia. The memories are generally recovered gradually over time, starting with early memories, and the ...
compulsion

compulsion  

n. an obsession that takes the form of a motor act, such as repetitive washing based on a fear of contamination, as seen in obsessive–compulsive disorder.
Stanford-Binet test

Stanford-Binet test  

Used to gauge intelligence, it consists of a series of questions and problems grouped for applicability to ages up to 16 years. Some questions require verbal recognition and others recognition of ...
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator  

One of the most popular personality questionnaires, especially in commercial and industrial contexts, designed to implement the theory of function types first suggested in 1923 by the Swiss ...
prospect theory

prospect theory  

A theory, developed by the economists Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, that seeks to explain how individuals make decisions when faced with uncertainty. It is central to the growing new area of ...
impression formation

impression formation  

The rapid creation of a unified perception or understanding of the character or personality of another person on the basis of a large number of diverse characteristics. One of the main problems in ...
skill

skill  

Expertise or accomplishment in any field; specifically, any complex, organized pattern of behaviour acquired through training and practice, including cognitive skills such as mathematics or chess, ...

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