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Form 20-F

In the USA, the form required by the Securities and Exchange Commission for the filing of annual results by non-US companies.

Jane Manning

Jane Manning  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
(b Norwich, 1938).Eng. soprano, expert in contemporary music. Début London 1964 (Park Lane Group) in songs by Webern, Messiaen, and Dallapiccola. Has given f.ps. of numerous works by Eng. composers. ...
Caffarelli

Caffarelli (12 April 1710)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
699 words

...Fabricio and Nicola Porpora's Germanico in Germania in 1732 . After singing in Pistoia, Genoa, Venice, Milan and Bologna ( 1730–33 ), he made his Naples début in Leonardo Leo's Il castello d’Atlante ( 1734 ), and settled there in a post in the royal chapel. Over the next 20 years he appeared at Naples in operas by Giovanni Pergolesi (including the title role in Adriano in Siria , 1734 ), Porpora, Hasse, David Perez , Leo (including Orestes in Andromaca , 1742 ), Gaetano Latilla , Sarro, Leonardo Vinci , Gioacchino Cocchi , Girolamo Abos ,...

Orfeo ed Euridice

Orfeo ed Euridice   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,719 words

...Qui t'amène, B♭ 20 Aria (Orfeo): Mille pene, c 23 Air (Orphée): Ah! La flamme, c 21 Coro: Ah, quale incognito affetto, c 24 Choeur: Par quels puissants remords, g 22 Aria (Orfeo): Men tiranno, c 25 Air (Orphée): La tendresse, g 23 Coro: Ah, quale incognito affetto, f 26 Choeur: Quels chants doux, f 27 Air de Furies, d ( N ) Scene ii Scene ii 24 Ballo, F 28 Ballet des Ombres heureuses a ) Lent tres doux, F b ) Même mouvement, d ( N ) c ) 28a , F ( N ) d ) Air, C ( N ) 29 Air (Eurydice, Choeur): Cet asile, F ( N ) 30 Ritournelle, F ( N ) Scene iii 25...

Caruso, Enrico

Caruso, Enrico (25 Feb 1873)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
881 words
Illustration(s):
1

...appearances were as Canio, Enzo, Radames, Rodolfo and Cavaradossi. He returned to Italy only for benefit performances of Pagliacci in Rome ( 1914 , at the Costanzi) and Milan ( 1915 , at the Verme). He sang several times in Latin America (Havana, Mexico City, São Paulo) in 1917–20 . His last public appearance was in Fromental Halévy's La Juive , at the Metropolitan on 24 December 1920 . He died of a lung ailment. Because of his incomplete and irregular training, Caruso began his career with certain technical deficiencies. In his early years he was ill at...

Anna Bolena

Anna Bolena   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,111 words

...love for Percy (aria, ‘Al dolce guidami castel natio’). When cannons announce the king's new marriage, Anne calls on heaven not to curse the royal couple but to have mercy on them. This final 20 minutes of Anna Bolena reveals for the first time Donizetti's mature ability to flesh out an aria‐finale so that it provides the substance of a gripping scene. After a fine F minor chorus (‘Chi può vederla’), Anne enters to a regal string prelude, with which her appearance – clothes in disarray, her mind unhinged – makes an ironic contrast. Her recitative reflects...

Village Romeo and Juliet, A

Village Romeo and Juliet, A   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,564 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Morison and Neil Easton . The Davies recording ( 1973 ) featured Robert Tear, Elizabeth Harwood and John Shirley‐Quirk. The American première was in Washington, DC, at the John F. Kennedy Center on 26 April 1972 , directed by Frank Corsaro and conducted by Paul Callaway , with John Stewart , Patricia Wells and John Reardon . The Swiss première was at the Zürich Opernhaus, 20 December 1980 , conducted by Charles Mackerras , with Gösta Winbergh , Ursula Reinhardt‐Kiss and Jozsef Dene . S cene 1 September; a piece of woodland luxuriously overgrown...

Fille du régiment, La

Fille du régiment, La   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,908 words

...in its original French form, on 6 January 1902 with Marcella Sembrich and Charles Gilibert (Sulpice). Later revivals starred Frieda Hempel with Antonio Scotti in 1918 and Lily Pons with Salvatore Baccaloni in 1940 , and on 17 February 1972 it returned with Sutherland , Luciano Pavarotti and Fernando Corena . The Italian version La figlia del reggimento served at Hammerstein's Manhattan Opera as a showcase for Luisa Tetrazzini , John McCormack and Gilibert , introduced on 22 November 1910 . In the late 20th century, however, and...

Tristan und Isolde

Tristan und Isolde   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,732 words
Illustration(s):
13

...Steersman baritone A Young Sailor tenor Sailors, knights and esquires Setting At sea, in Cornwall and Brittany during the Middle Ages The ancient Tristan legend, probably of Celtic origin, achieved its first literary form in the 12th century. The version used by Wagner as the basis for his drama was that of Gottfried von Strassburg ( fl 1200–20). Wagner conceived the idea of writing an opera on the Tristan subject in the autumn of 1854 , but the earliest dated surviving sketch (an elaboration of two fragments) is from 19 December 1856 , at which point he...

Radamisto

Radamisto   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,154 words

...are lost, this version merits a complete score of its own. There were further revivals with revisions the following year and in January 1728 . A version of Radamisto , under the title Zenobia , was produced at Hamburg on 28 November 1722 and was frequently repeated. The first 20th‐century revival, in a version by Joseph Wenz , was at Göttingen on 27 June 1927 ; the first in Britain was by the Handel Opera Society under Charles Farncombe at Sadler's Wells Theatre, London, on 6 July 1960 . Charles Burney's attribution of the libretto to Nicola Haym is...

Atys

Atys   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,237 words
Illustration(s):
1

...(all male) were Beauchamp , Dolivet , Faure , Favier , Lestang , Magny and Pécour . Lully's fourth tragedy was known as ‘the king's opera’; it is not known why. Voltaire singled out Atys , along with Armide , to exemplify the librettist Quinault's mastery of the genre. 20th‐century scholars often cited Atys as marking the start of a style period, primarily for its avoidance of subplots and comic interludes in the Venetian manner, along with its ‘Racinian serenity’. Additional productions at St Germain took place in 1677 , 1678 and 1682 ; Lully...

Così fan tutte

Così fan tutte   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,007 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Haydn present. It received five performances before the death of Joseph II on 20 February closed the theatres; five more followed from June to August. There is little information about its genesis or reception. Performances followed in 1791 in Prague, Leipzig and Dresden, and in German in Frankfurt (as Liebe und Versuchung ), Mainz and Amsterdam. At Leipzig in 1794 and in other centres it appeared as Weibertreue, oder Die Mädchen sind von Flandern , translated by C. F. Bretzner , author of the source of Die Entführung aus dem Serail . No Mozart...

Prince Igor

Prince Igor   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,622 words
Illustration(s):
1

...look on and seethe (no.18, Polovtsian March). Konchak sings a song of triumph (no.19, ‘Nash mech nam dal pobedu’: ‘Our sword has given us victory’). He orders a feast (no.20 a ); the khans go off to divide the spoils (no.20 b , chorus, ‘Idyom za nim sovet derzhat’: ‘We'll follow him and hold council’); the Russians bewail their defeat and urge Igor to accept Ovlur's offer (no.20 c ). The Polovtsï drink and dance themselves into a stupor (no.21, chorus and dance, ‘Podoben solntsu khan Konchak’: ‘Khan Konchak is like unto the sun’). Ovlur summons Igor...

Fidelio

Fidelio   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,390 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the power of Beethoven's large‐scale forms, an area in which he clearly surpasses Cherubini. Indeed Beethoven's musical logic is sometimes so compelling that it transcends even the particulars of the drama that prompted it. This seems true of a movement like ‘Mir ist so wunderbar’, where the dramatic motivation is much less obvious than in its probable model, the canonic quartet in Così fan tutte . More important, however, and more inherently dramatic, are the many movements in sonata form. Beethoven had used sonata form to very powerful effect in his...

Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,666 words
Illustration(s):
5

...children's songs in P. V. Sheyn's anthology of Russian folklore, 1870; music original). d  Boris's entrance; he comforts Xenia and sends her away. f  as d opposite e  Boris and Fyodor at the map. g  as e opposite f  The opening portion of the title character's great soliloquy on kingship and conscience, ‘Dostig ya vïsshey vlasti’ (‘I have attained the highest power’), set almost verbatim from Pushkin in the form of a lengthy scena in melodic recitative over an orchestral tissue of leitmotifs, most of them derived from music written earlier for Salammbô ....

Götterdämmerung

Götterdämmerung   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,768 words
Illustration(s):
7

...Gutrune reappear from the palace and a wedding procession forms. The celebratory C major is chillingly darkened in the final bars by the intervention of the falling semitone on trombones in combination with ex.5 a tritone away from the main key. Act 3.i–ii Wild woodland and rocky valley by the bank of the Rhine Siegfried's horn call is heard first in the orchestra and then in the distance, supposedly sounded by Siegfried out hunting. It is answered by the horn call of the Gibichungs (an inverted form). The ominous falling semitone and tritone from the end of...

Zauberflöte, Die

Zauberflöte, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,432 words
Illustration(s):
1

...lieber Sohn!’: ‘Do not fear, dear son’). Her aria is a melting G minor Larghetto, the first music in triple time (‘Zum Leiden bin ich auserkoren’: her daughter's loss torments her), followed by a fiery Allegro ending in giddy coloratura ascending to f 90 (‘Du, du, du wirst sie zu befreien gehen’). It forms Tamino's commission to rescue her daughter; its passion and brilliance leave him no room to suspect ulterior motives. The finale to the first scene is a quintet (‘Hm hm hm hm’), another blend of comedy and numinous beauty. Papageno can only grunt until...

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