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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

establishment

establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The successful growth and reproduction of plants and/or animals in a site that provides them with favourable...

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method   Quick reference

A Supplementary Dictionary of Renewable Energy and Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method ( BREEAM ) A standard that sets best practice in sustainable building design, construction, and operation, and measures a building’s environmental performance. The measures of performance include energy and water use, the internal environment (health and well-being), pollution, transport, materials, waste, ecology, and management processes. The accreditation enables developers, builders, designers, and building managers to demonstrate the environmental credentials of their...

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Energy Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology ( BREEAM ) An environmental assessment method for buildings aimed at promoting sustainable development . Factors assessed include the energy and water use, the working and living environment, the materials used, and the environmental impact of the building. The method considers building stock properties rather than behavioural factors....

establishment

establishment  

The successful growth and reproduction of plants and/or animals in a site that provides them with favourable conditions.
community forestry

community forestry  

An approach to forestry management that includes local people and takes their needs into account. It includes the establishment of village woodlots, farm forestry, tree planting in private fields, ...
close management measure

close management measure  

Any technique that is used to aid the reintroduction and establishment of viable populations of a species into its natural habitat, such as artificial nesting boxes.
regeneration cut

regeneration cut  

In forest management, a cutting strategy in which old trees are removed while favourable environmental conditions are maintained in order to promote and enhance the natural establishment of new trees.
Resource Reserve

Resource Reserve  

An IUCN Management Category (VI) for protected areas, which is designed ‘to protect resources of the area for future use and prevent or contain development activities that could affect the resource ...
strip development

strip development  

A sprawling form of commercial land use in which each establishment is given direct access to a major thoroughfare, which usually has many large signs designed to attract passers‐by. Visitors drive ...
municipal sewage

municipal sewage  

Sewage that originates from households, commercial establishments, and industries.
municipal discharge

municipal discharge  

The discharge of effluent from wastewater treatment plants which receive wastewater from households, commercial establishments, and industries.
colonization

colonization  

1 The establishment of a new colony.2 The arrival and establishment of plants and animals on a new area of land. See also island biogeography, succession.
International Geophysical Year

International Geophysical Year   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...1958 , during which an extensive, international programme of geophysical observations was carried out over all parts of the globe. The period was chosen to coincide with a sunspot maximum. Apart from the wide degree of international cooperation, it was notable for the establishment of various scientific stations in Antarctica, and the launch of the first artificial...

energy performance ratio

energy performance ratio ((buildings))   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Energy Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...and its carbon dioxide emissions to the relevant building regulations’ compliant standards. Its aim is to reduce the operational energy demand in buildings, and hence the primary energy consumption and CO 2 emissions, and is part of a BREEAM ( see building research establishment environmental assessment methodology )...

RAPID

RAPID   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...and nature of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation , primarily to assess its significance in determining the climate of northern Europe. Because of the importance of oceanic heat transport between latitudes 25–35° N, a major feature of the programme is the establishment of a series of moorings across the Atlantic at 26.5° N to determine factors such as temperature, salinity, pressure, and currents. These provide continuous monitoring of the transatlantic pressure gradient. In addition, the voltages induced on submarine cables across the...

World Bank, The

World Bank, The   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...institution established by treaty and governed by public international law. Its formal title is the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). The IBRD was established in 1944 by the Bretton Woods Agreement and is based in Washington, D.C. After the establishment of the United Nations (UN) in 1945 , the IBRD became a UN specialized agency. [See United Nations .] The World Bank Group now includes the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the International Development Association (IDA), and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee...

Wildlife Management

Wildlife Management   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...young, and seasonal closure of hunting was the principal form of wildlife management until the late 1800s, when these laws were augmented by the establishment of protected areas (led by the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872 ). Some of the private sportsmen's clubs developed into the first official state fish and wildlife agencies. Concern with depletion of wild birds led to the establishment of several bird conservation organizations, notably the American Ornithologists' Union (AOU) in 1883 , and the Audubon Society in 1886 , both of...

Wildlife Management

Wildlife Management   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...young, and seasonal closure of hunting was the principal form of wildlife management until the late 1800s, when these laws were augmented by the establishment of protected areas (led by the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872 ). Some of the private sportsmen's clubs developed into the first official state fish and wildlife agencies. Concern with depletion of wild birds led to the establishment of several bird conservation organizations, notably the American Ornithologists’ Union ( AOU ) in 1883 , and the Audubon Society in 1886 , both of...

Montreal Protocol

Montreal Protocol   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...period for developing countries (Article 5 of the Protocol), linked to certain objective conditions 5. An enabling provision for the establishment of a Non-Compliance Procedure (Article 8 of the Protocol). Two important elements were still missing, however, and were added via the London Amendment of 1990 . First, an extension of the grace provisions for developing countries (Article 5), in particular the establishment of a clear link between the provision of financial and technical assistance by industrialized countries and the implementation of the...

Forestation

Forestation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...forest area from which the trees have recently been harvested or removed by natural disturbance (e.g., fire, insects, wind, disease, or landslide). The term implies forest replacement by some means other than natural regeneration (natural seed-fall, germination, and seedling establishment). Afforestation is forestation on lands that have not previously supported forest plant communities, or not for a long time. Forestation is undertaken when the natural processes of forest renewal are not working, are expected to work unacceptably slowly, or will result in a...

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