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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

establishment

establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The successful growth and reproduction of plants and/or animals in a site that provides them with favourable...

hypostratotype

hypostratotype  

An additional, subordinate stratotype, selected after the establishment of a stratigraphic unit, and in another region, to supplement the information contained in the original stratotype (the ...
lectostratotype

lectostratotype  

A stratotype, chosen after the original establishment of a stratigraphic unit, that is designed to serve as the standard in the absence of a satisfactory original stratotype (i.e. a holostratotype). ...
parastratotype

parastratotype  

An additional stratigraphic section, designated and described at the time of the establishment of a stratigraphic unit, to augment the definition given by the principal stratotype (the ...
burst of monsoon

burst of monsoon  

Applied to the onset of a marked change in weather conditions in the Indian subcontinent and south-east Asia, associated with the arrival of humid south-westerly winds which displace the hot, dry, ...
crater density studies

crater density studies  

The establishment of the relative age of a portion of a planetary or satellite surface from the observed density of meteorite impact craters. If a calibration is available for the meteoric flux (e.g. ...
RAPID

RAPID  

A programme to monitor the strength and nature of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, primarily to assess its significance in determining the climate of northern Europe. Because of the ...
laser ranging

laser ranging  

The establishment of precise Earth-Moon distances by aiming laser beams telescopically, from the Earth at reflecting mirrors placed on the lunar surface by the Apollo 11–15 missions, and measuring ...
invasion

invasion  

The establishment of species in ecosystems they are not native to; see, for example, Russell-Smith et al. (2004) J. Biogeog. 31, 8 on the invasion of rain forest into eucalyptus woodland in ...
Marine Reserve

Marine Reserve  

As ocean resources are declining in many places around the globe, diverse audiences are discussing whether the establishment of marine reserves can protect some of these resources and complement ...
radar altimetry

radar altimetry  

The measurement of the surface relief of a planetary body by recording the travel time of reflected radar waves. The most spectacular success of the technique has been the establishment of the ...
blocking

blocking  

In synoptic meteorology, the establishment in the mid-latitudes of a high-pressure system that interrupts or diverts for a considerable period the typically eastward movement of depressions and other ...
World Meteorological Organization

World Meteorological Organization  

(WMO)The United Nations agency responsible for gathering, analysing, and disseminating meteorological data. Its establishment was agreed in 1947 as a successor to the International Meteorological ...
hypostratotype

hypostratotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... ( reference section , auxiliary reference section ) An additional, subordinate stratotype , selected after the establishment of a stratigraphic unit, and in another region, to supplement the information contained in the original stratotype (the holostratotype ). Compare parastratotype . See also lectostratotype ; neostratotype...

‘burst of monsoon’

‘burst of monsoon’   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Applied to the onset of a marked change in weather conditions in the Indian subcontinent and south-east Asia, associated with the arrival of humid south-westerly winds which displace the hot, dry, pre-monsoon regime. The changed surface-level wind pattern is related to the establishment of a high-level easterly jet ...

blocking

blocking   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... In synoptic meteorology, the establishment in the mid-latitudes of a high-pressure system that interrupts or diverts for a considerable period the typically eastward movement of depressions and other synoptic features in the zonal flow. Over western Europe, for example, blocking often forces depressions to move northward toward Scandinavia or southward over southern France and...

World Meteorological Organization

World Meteorological Organization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Meteorological Organization ( WMO ) The United Nations agency responsible for gathering, analysing, and disseminating meteorological data. Its establishment was agreed in 1947 as a successor to the International Meteorological Organization, it came into being in 1951 , and later in 1951 it became a UN agency. It has 185 members (179 member states and 6 dependent...

Gaian hypothesis

Gaian hypothesis   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...hypothesis Hypothesis, formulated by James E. Lovelock and Lynn Margulis , that the presence of living organisms on a planet leads to major modifications of the physical and chemical conditions obtaining on the planet, and that subsequent to the establishment of life the climate and major biogeochemical cycles are mediated by the living organisms...

laser ranging

laser ranging   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...ranging The establishment of precise Earth-Moon distances by aiming laser beams telescopically, from the Earth at reflecting mirrors placed on the lunar surface by the Apollo 11–15 missions, and measuring the return time to the receipt of the reflections. By making such measurements from different terrestrial sites relative plate motions can be...

lectostratotype

lectostratotype   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A stratotype , chosen after the original establishment of a stratigraphic unit, that is designed to serve as the standard in the absence of a satisfactory original stratotype (i.e. a holostratotype ). A lectostratotype may be selected from outside the type area. Compare neostratotype . See also parastratotype ; hypostratotype...

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