View:

Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

establishment

establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... A loose way of describing the holders of power and influence in society and the sense of their shared interests overall in maintaining things as they are, particularly their secure and privileged position, even if they may not always act as a bloc on individual issues. Radical critics of mainstream social work have accused it of serving the needs of the establishment by containing and stabilizing potentially disruptive social problems. See also elite ; radical social work...

establishment fee

establishment fee   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... fee A charge levied by a lender to establish a loan. See front-end fee...

establishment fee

establishment fee   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... fee A charge levied by a lender to establish a loan. See front-end fee ....

establishment clause

establishment clause   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
147 words

... clause The 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” This establishment clause has been used by the Supreme Court to overturn, or declare unconstitutional, state laws involving the government in religious activities, such as prayers or religious programs in public schools. For example, the Court used the establishment clause to strike down state government laws in Engel v. Vitale ( 1962 ) and Wallace v. Jaffree ( 1985 ). There is general agreement that the...

permanent establishment

permanent establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Accounting (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
108 words

...establishment Most tax treaties operate so that business profits are taxed in the country of the taxpayer’s residence, unless the taxpayer has a ‘permanent establishment’ in the other territory. In the model double taxation agreement drawn up by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, a permanent establishment is defined as a ‘fixed place of business through which the business of an enterprise is wholly or partly carried on’. The model agreement goes on to state specifically that the term ‘permanent establishment’ includes a place...

permanent establishment

permanent establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
61 words

...establishment A fixed place of business that a taxpayer of one country has in another country, thus rendering the taxpayer liable to that second country’s taxation. It will include a place of management, branch, office, factory or workshop, and long-term construction projects but it may exclude some sales offices and storage depots. The concept is important in double-taxation ...

establishment costs

establishment costs   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
59 words

... costs The cost of setting up any enterprise. In a farm context, these might include the costs of storing a crop, including the seed, tillage to prepare a seedbed, and sowing. They can also include the cost of fertilizers or pesticides if applied before or whilst the crop is establishing itself or emerging from the...

war establishment

war establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...establishment the level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in...

peace establishment

peace establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...establishment the authorized size, composition, and organization of a nation's armed forces in...

National Military Establishment

National Military Establishment   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Military Establishment an organization created by the National Security Act of 1947 , comprised of the heads of the armed forces departments, and responsible for coordinating and responding to defense issues after World War II . The CIA and the National Security Council were created by the same...

establishment of the port

establishment of the port   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
166 words

... of the port , the interval between the time of meridian passage of the new or the full moon and the time of the following high tide . This interval which is constant for a given port is also known as the High Water Full and Change constant (HWF & C). The average interval is known as the mean high water lunitidal interval. Because the tides are governed largely by the moon, and because the time of meridian passage of the moon is later each day by about 50 minutes, it follows that, if the age of the moon and the establishment of the port are...

merger by new establishment

merger by new establishment (China)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Business and Management in China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
96 words

...by new establishment (or consolidation ) (China) One type of merger that is recognized in China, in which two companies join together to create a new establishment. This type of merger is governed through the Regulations on the Merger and Acquisition of Domestic Enterprises by Foreign Investors. Through this method, the date that the company’s establishment is approved becomes the date of establishment. Mergers must face several stages of approval by both dissolving firms. For cases involving foreign firms, the merger must not allow the foreign firm...

Long Range Weapons Establishment, Woomera

Long Range Weapons Establishment, Woomera   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...Range Weapons Establishment, Woomera A joint Anglo-Australian project established in 1946 , the Long Range Weapons Establishment was in part a reaction to the experience of German V weapons used against London in 1945 , and was conceived within a context of increasing Cold War tensions. It was also established on the assumption that a joint Commonwealth defence policy was possible after 1945 . A testing range was established at Woomera, in South Australia, which, at 1250 miles in length, became the largest land testing range in the Western world. A...

establishment clause

establishment clause  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” This establishment clause has been used by the Supreme Court to overturn ...
war establishment

war establishment  

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.
establishment fee

establishment fee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A charge levied by a lender to establish a loan. See front-end fee.
peace establishment

peace establishment  

The authorized size, composition, and organization of a nation's armed forces in peacetime.
permanent establishment

permanent establishment  

Most tax treaties operate so that business profits are taxed in the country of the taxpayer’s residence, unless the taxpayer has a ‘permanent establishment’ in the other territory. In the model ...
National Military Establishment

National Military Establishment  

An organization created by the National Security Act of 1947, comprised of the heads of the armed forces departments, and responsible for coordinating and responding to defense issues after World ...
Lublin Committee

Lublin Committee   Reference library

Keith Sword

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...be transformed into a ‘Provisional Government of the Polish Republic’. It was this sham ‘government’, headed by Bierut, which formed the basis for the Provisional Government of National Unity recognized by the UK and the USA on 5 July 1945 . Keith Sword Kersten, K. , The Establishment of Communist Rule in Poland, 1943–1948 (Oxford, 1991). Rozek, E. , Allied Wartime Diplomacy. A Pattern in Poland (London,...

View: