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Overview

Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

establishment

establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... The successful growth and reproduction of plants and/or animals in a site that provides them with favourable...

Building Research Establishment

Building Research Establishment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Research Establishment ( BRE ) An independent consultancy that specializes in undertaking work in the built environment. www.bre.co.uk Web-link details the official...

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology

Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Energy Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...Building Research Establishment environmental assessment methodology ( BREEAM ) An environmental assessment method for buildings aimed at promoting sustainable development . Factors assessed include the energy and water use, the working and living environment, the materials used, and the environmental impact of the building. The method considers building stock properties rather than behavioural factors....

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method   Quick reference

A Supplementary Dictionary of Renewable Energy and Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method ( BREEAM ) A standard that sets best practice in sustainable building design, construction, and operation, and measures a building’s environmental performance. The measures of performance include energy and water use, the internal environment (health and well-being), pollution, transport, materials, waste, ecology, and management processes. The accreditation enables developers, builders, designers, and building managers to demonstrate the environmental credentials of their...

establishment

establishment  

The successful growth and reproduction of plants and/or animals in a site that provides them with favourable conditions.
colonization

colonization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...The successful establishment of an invading species in a habitat...

plant recruitment

plant recruitment   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...recruitment The establishment of new seedlings and small...

beat up

beat up   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...up A foresters’ phrase meaning to replace dead trees with new ones, especially during the early years of the establishment or re-establishment of a...

secondary identification

secondary identification n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...identification n . In psychoanalysis , identification ( 2 ) occurring after the establishment of an object-relationship . See primary identification...

restoration ecology

restoration ecology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...ecology The establishment on a disturbed site of the plant and animal community which existed there prior to the disturbance. Compare rehabilitation ecology ; replacement ecology...

replacement ecology

replacement ecology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...ecology Where it is impossible to restore a site to its original condition, the establishment on it of a community entirely different from the original. Compare rehabilitation ecology ; restoration ecology...

afforestation

afforestation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...1 The establishment of forest by natural succession or by the planting of trees on land where they did not grow formerly. 2 Historically, the act of defining an area of land that henceforth would become subject to forest ...

reforestation

reforestation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... ( reafforestation ) 1 The establishment of a particular type of woodland by planting into an existing, different woodland type. 2 The replacement of a tree crop by natural or artificial means on land from which a previous wood has been...

rehabilitation ecology

rehabilitation ecology   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...ecology Where it is impossible to restore a site to its original condition, the establishment on it of a community which is similar to the original. Compare replacement ecology ; restoration ecology ; see also recreatability...

territoriality

territoriality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...The establishment, demarcation, and defence of an area by animals, normally during mating ritual. Once territory has been established the animals can exist without disturbance and with sufficient food for the offspring. Evidence shows that among territorial species individuals without a territory rarely...

Juday, Chancey

Juday, Chancey (1871–1944)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Chancey ( 1871–1944 ) An American biologist who was a pioneer in the establishment of the science of limnology , through his studies of lakes in Wisconsin and of Lake Mendota in particular, made with his colleague Edward A. Birge . From 1931 until his retirement in 1941 Juday was professor of limnology at the University of...

‘burst of monsoon’

‘burst of monsoon’   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...The abrupt onset of a marked change in weather conditions in the Indian subcontinent and southeast Asia, associated with the arrival of humid south-westerly winds which displace the hot, dry, pre-monsoon regime. The changed surface-level wind pattern is related to the establishment of a high-level easterly jet stream...

blocking

blocking   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...In synoptic meteorology , the establishment in the mid-latitudes of a high-pressure system that interrupts or diverts for a considerable period the typically eastward movement of depressions and other synoptic features in the zonal flow . Over western Europe, for example, blocking often forces depressions to move northward towards Scandinavia or southward over southern France and...

inverted U

inverted U   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geography (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...U A particular shape of a line on a graph, such as on income equality with per capita income; see Kuznets (1955) Am. Econ. Rev. 45 . Grote (2008) J. Econ. Geog. 8, 2 finds an inverted U in the establishment of foreign banks in...

soda pop

soda pop   Quick reference

The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...term, first recorded in 1863 , for a sweet carbonated drink, as originally made from soda water and flavoured syrup. In everyday use it is generally shortened to soda, which forms the basis of various associated terms, notably soda fountain, denoting a counter or establishment where soda pop, sundaes, and ice cream are dispensed by a soda jerk (a seller of such wares). Vanilla-flavoured soda pop is termed cream soda...

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