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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Ernst Tugendhat

Ernst Tugendhat  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1930– ).One of the most important contributors to the re-establishment of analytic philosophy in Germany after the Nazi period, in which almost all analytic philosophers had to leave the country. ...
Mehdi Ha'Iri-Yazdi

Mehdi Ha'Iri-Yazdi  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1923–99)Mehdi Ha'iri-Yazdi grew up in a distinguished family in Iran, and like them became a part of the religious establishment in the country. He was born in Qom in ...
Professionalization of Philosophy

Professionalization of Philosophy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Professionalization of philosophy, broadly conceived, might be understood to cover the development of philosophical education, the fostering of philosophic interests and the establishment of formal ...
William Warburton

William Warburton  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1698–1779),rose to be bishop of Gloucester in 1759. He was much engaged in theological controversy, writing with vigour and arrogance. He was author of The Divine Legation of Moses (1738–41), A View ...
William Harvey

William Harvey  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1578–1657),practised medicine in London and became influential in the College of Physicians. Harvey's discovery of the circulation of blood was announced in De motu cordis (1628; English trans. ...
Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse

Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b. 8 Sept. 1864, d. 21 June 1929).British Liberal theorist Born at St Ive, near Liskeard, Cornwall, he was educated at Marlborough and Oxford. He taught philosophy at Oxford (1890–7), publishing his ...
Alfred Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffe

Alfred Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffe  

(1865–1922) Britishnewspaper proprietorBorn Alfred Harmsworth in Dublin, he founded the Daily Mail (1896), the Daily Mirror (1903), and bought The Times in 1908. His brother, Viscount Rothermere ...
cultural studies

cultural studies  

The critical analysis of the texts and practices of everyday life in contemporary society: an interdisciplinary enterprise involving both the humanities and the social sciences. Its territory (in the ...
Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore  

(1861–1941)Indian writer, who was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1915 he was knighted but repudiated the honour in protest against the Amritsar Massacre (1919).Tagore was born into a ...
Sicily

Sicily  

A large triangular island in the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the ‘toe’ of Italy by the narrow Strait of Messina. It forms, with the neighbouring islands of Lipari, Egadi, Ustica, and ...
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Rome

Rome  

According to tradition the ancient city was founded by Romulus (after whom it is named) in 753 bc on the Palatine Hill; as it grew it spread to the other six hills of Rome (Aventine, Caelian, ...

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