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Establishment

Subject: Religion

In ecclesiastical usage, the recognition by the State of a particular Church as that of the State. In OT Judaism and in much of the ancient world, religious observance was part of the ...

Kate

Kate   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., servant girl at the Dunmore Inn who assists Mrs Kelly in running the establishment. KOK MRS Monika Rydygier...

Croker's Hall

Croker's Hall   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Hall , country seat of Mr Whittlestaff in Hampshire. A mile (0.5 km) from Alresford, the hall is a comfortable but modest establishment. OML RC Randall...

Kanturk Hotel

Kanturk Hotel   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Hotel , low-class drinking establishment in the Irish city of Cork, owned by Mr O'Dwyer and tended by his daughter Fanny, which provides temporary headquarters for the Mollets while they blackmail Sir Thomas Fitzgerald . CR MRS Monika Rydygier...

Mulready, Mrs

Mulready, Mrs   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Mrs , ‘Strong, red-faced, indomitable-looking’ widow who keeps a shebeen, an unlicensed drinking establishment, in a two-room hovel in Mohill frequented by ‘the wicked, the desperate, and the drunken’ (IX), including a band of local Ribbonmen . MB MRS Monika Rydygier...

Roper, Amelia

Roper, Amelia   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Amelia , daughter of Mrs Roper of Burton Crescent. A clever, dark-haired, mischievous, and practical 30-year-old former ‘first young lady at a millinery establishment in Manchester’ (IV), she sets out to trap Johnny Eames into marriage, but finally settles for his friend Joseph Cradell . SHA , LCB NCS Nelson C....

Worts, Mr

Worts, Mr   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Mr , foreman at the Bungall & Tappitt Brewery in Baslehurst. Worts is ‘a heavy, respectable, useful man, educated on the establishment by Bungall and bequeathed by Bungall to Tappitt’ (XXIV). Against the wishes of his boss Tappitt, the honest labourer says he will vote for the local squire, Mr Butler Cornbury . RR MT Mark W....

Cradell, Joseph

Cradell, Joseph   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Joseph , intimate friend and coworker of Johnny Eames , with whom he lives at Mrs Roper 's boarding house. He flirts outrageously with Mrs Lupex , incurring the wrath of her husband, but eventually marries Amelia Roper and takes over her mother's establishment. In The Last Chronicle of Barset he has six children and money troubles. SHA NCS Nelson C....

Roanoke, Lucinda

Roanoke, Lucinda   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

..., stately, beautiful, and forbidding niece of Jane Carbuncle , who enters into a disastrous engagement with Sir Griffin Tewett . Much against her will, Lucinda is dragged into the marriage market by the scheming Mrs Carbuncle , who is anxious that her niece find a proper establishment before exhausting her limited funds. After lapsing into near-madness at the prospect of marrying the sadistic Sir Griffin , Lucinda refuses to go to the church on the day set for the wedding. ED JMR Julia Miele...

Whiston, Robert

Whiston, Robert (1808–95)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...Robert ( 1808–95 ) . Headmaster of Rochester Cathedral Grammar School ( 1844–77 ), he disclosed that the increased income was not being used either to increase free schooling or for scholarships, as required by the terms of the ancient endowment; the cathedral establishment was the obvious beneficiary. The Times in 1851–2 gave publicity to the scandal. This was one of several such abuses ventilated during Trollope 's gestation of The Warden ( 1855 ). RCT R. C....

Chambers's Edinburgh Journal

Chambers's Edinburgh Journal   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
117 words

...numbers contained material reprinted from other sources, and the contributors were not of the first rank. Later numbers contained original material. After 1854 , it continued as Chambers's Journal of Popular Literature, Science and Art . Its success in Edinburgh led to the establishment of a similar popular weekly, Chambers's London Journal JWM Judith Wittosch...

Grant, Revd Joseph Brett

Grant, Revd Joseph Brett (1820–1879)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
118 words

...appointed headmaster of Haworth Free Grammar School 1844 , when he became Revd Patrick Brontë 's curate. Ordained priest in 1845 , he became curate-in-charge, and (by March 1846 ) perpetual curate of the new district of Oxenhope , where he worked energetically for the establishment of a National School and church. He married Sarah Ann Turner at Woodford, Essex, in January 1846 . Grant assisted Revd A. B. Nicholls at Branwell's funeral service. Nicholls stayed with the Grants before his marriage to Charlotte, and they were asked to the wedding...

Mazzini, Giuseppe

Mazzini, Giuseppe (1805–72)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
160 words

...under perpetual banishment from 1831 onwards. He wrote fervidly, tirelessly, and worked largely from London and for his poorer compatriots there. George Eliot found him suitable as a contributor to the * Westminster Review , admiring his devotion to Italian unity and the establishment of a republican government. But she underwent something of a change in attitudes later: by the mid-1860s her caution was evident, and is seen in her refusal to contribute to the Mazzini Fund despite having ‘a real reverence for Mazzini’ and asserting ‘Mr Lewes and I would have...

Parkes, Joseph

Parkes, Joseph (1796–1865)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
143 words

...her early London years attending his dinner parties. Parkes was a Unitarian and he subsidized the young Mary Ann Evans 's translation of D. F. *Strauss 's Das Leben Jesu ( see translations ), seeing biblical criticism as part of a political campaign against the Anglican establishment. When the future novelist went off to Germany to live with G. H. *Lewes in 1854 , Parkes was outraged, writing of her folly and vice, warning his daughter against associating with her, and declaring Lewes to be a morally bad man ( Ashton 1996 : 124–5). JMR Ashton ...

‘Shakespeare Foundation Schools’

‘Shakespeare Foundation Schools’   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
153 words

...Foundation Schools’ (article) . This article in the London Telegraph describes a public meeting at the New Adelphi Theatre on 11 May 1864 presided over by Dickens , regarding the establishment of a public school for children of actors, on the property of the Shakespeare Foundation. Anthony Trollope proposed the following resolution: ‘That the schools shall be called the “ Shakespeare Foundation Schools”, and shall be devoted to the sound and liberal education of pupils of both sexes, and not be restricted to any profession or class; that...

‘Monthly Intelligencer’

‘Monthly Intelligencer’   Reference library

Victor Neufeldt

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
153 words

...the newspapers of his day; a leading article on ‘Rougue [sic] in Public and Rougue in Private’; and a poem ‘Song applicable to the present crisis’ by Young Soult the Rhymer. Both sessions of the Commons are dominated by Rogue demanding the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic. Victor Neufeldt Alexander & Sellars , p. 303 (illustrations). Miscellaneous Writings , 1. 183–201. Neufeldt BB Works , 1. 250–65....

Scoresby, Revd William

Scoresby, Revd William (1789–1857)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
177 words

...voyager and scientific writer. Ordained 1825 , he ministered in Bessingby, near Bridlington , in Liverpool, and Exeter, before becoming vicar of Bradford 1839–47 . He angered Dissenters by insistence on church rates, and antagonized some colleagues. But he urged the establishment of more Anglican Sunday and day schools, including Haworth National School . On 9 January 1844 , he asked Revd Patrick Brontë , for the sake of the poor children of Haworth who were under his spiritual care, to call a church trustees' meeting to arrange for the appointment...

Ibsen, Henrik

Ibsen, Henrik (1828–1906)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
252 words

...admiration for Ibsen is discussed in the various biographies of the two writers, especially Michael Meyer 's Ibsen: A Biography (3 vols., 1967–71 ; abridged one-volume edn., 1974 ). In 1891 Hardy joined George *Meredith , A. W. Pinero , and others in supporting the establishment of the Independent Theatre Society, which was devoted to the performance of plays by Ibsen and other ‘serious’ dramatists. In 1891 , he attended with Edmund *Gosse the first performance in an English translation of Hedda Gabler ; he saw another production of the same play...

Last, Isaac

Last, Isaac (1814–66)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
206 words

...Isaac ( 1814–66 ), Dorchester schoolmaster . He was teaching at the British School in Greyhound Yard, Dorchester, when Hardy, then aged 10, was moved to this Nonconformist establishment in September 1850 after attending the National School nearer home. Last had a considerable local reputation as ‘an exceptionally able man, and a good teacher of Latin’ ( LW 22), and the move was instigated by Jemima Hardy 's ambitions for her son. Later Hardy began to study Latin with Last as an ‘extra’, and in 1853 , when Last started an ‘academy’ or private school,...

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–91)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
236 words

...Wolfgang Amadeus ( 1756–91 ) . In January 1851 , when George Eliot first took up residence at John *Chapman 's establishment in the Strand, she immediately hired a piano for herself. The following day Chapman sat in her room while she played one of Mozart's masses. However, although by 1859 she had collected ‘about eighteen sonatas and symphonies of Beethoven’ ( L iii. 177), at least until July of that year she had none of Mozart's symphonies, and invited the musical Charles Lee Lewes ( see Lewes Family ), with whom she often played duets, to be...

Royal Academy of Arts

Royal Academy of Arts   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
210 words

...Academy of Arts . The Royal Academy was the summit of the artistic establishment and never more influential than in the mid-Victorian period. Its self-elected members, mostly painters, were the arbiters of popular taste. Attending its summer exhibition, especially the exclusive Private View, which Trollope did regularly, was an essential ritual of the season. W. P. Frith 's painting The Private View of the Royal Academy, 1881 superbly captures its ambience, depicting a group of eminent Victorians including Browning , Gladstone , and Huxley , with ...

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