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Diane de Poitiers

Subject: History

 (1499–1566) French royal mistress during Henri II’s reign (1547–59), daughter of the comte de Saint-Vallier, himself a bibliophile. Her library remained with the Vendôme family ...

Diane de Poitiers

Diane de Poitiers   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
179 words

...and the duchy of Valentinois. After Henri's death in 1559 Diane was ousted from the court by Catherine de Médicis, who forced her to return the crown jewels and to exchange Chenonceaux for the Loire chateau of Chaumont. After a brief stay at Chaumont Diane retired to her chateau at Anet, also given to her by Henry II . Dictionnaire de biographie française ; Françoise Bardon , Diane de Poitiers et le mythe de Diane (1963); Ivan Cloulas , Diane de Poitiers ...

Château d' Anet

Château d' Anet  

A Renaissance chateau some 80 kilometres (50 miles) west of Paris. It was built between 1546 and 1552 by Henri II for his mistress Diane de Poitiers. The house and ...
Jean François Fernel

Jean François Fernel  

(1497–1558),French physician and applied mathematician, the son of an innkeeper who studied medicine at the University of Paris, where he was appointed professor of medicine in 1534. He became ...
Château de Chenonceaux

Château de Chenonceaux  

The chateau was built by Thomas Bohier between 1513 and 1521. The site is the river Cher, which the chateau spans. After the death of Bohier and his widow the ...
Château d' Ancy-Le-Franc

Château d' Ancy-Le-Franc  

An Italian Renaissance house and garden near Auxerre, in Burgundy. The architect was Serlio, who was employed at the court of Francis I. The house and garden were commissioned by ...
umbrellas

umbrellas  

The purpose of the modern umbrella is to protect its holder from rain, but, as the etymology of the word (Latin umbra, i.e. shade) indicates, it was originally intended to ...
Henri II

Henri II  

(1519–59),King of France, the second son of Francis I and Queen Claude; he was the younger brother of François, the dauphin. In 1526, at the age of 7, he ...
Anet, Château d'

Anet, Château d'   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
347 words

...Château d' , A Renaissance chateau some 80 kilometres (50 miles) west of Paris. It was built between 1546 and 1552 by Henri II for his mistress Diane de Poitiers . The house and gardens were designed by Philibert Delorme . The house was built around a large courtyard which was entered through the Portail d'Entrée, which is surmounted with a tympanum by Cellini depicting Diane as the huntress of classical mythology, a motif repeated in the fountain (now in the Louvre) which stood in the courtyard. On either side of the gateway there was a small...

Fernel, Jean François

Fernel, Jean François   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
164 words

...of Paris, where he was appointed professor of medicine in 1534 . He became physician to Diane de Poitiers and then to her lover, King Henri II . Fernel's first important publication was Cosmotheoria ( 1528 ), a treatise on geodesy in which he tried to determine the length of a meridian degree; his calculations were largely vindicated by the work of Willebrord Snel 90 years later. In 1548 he published a dialogue on the ‘hidden causes of things’ ( De rerum abditis causis ) in which he tried to establish medicine as a science free from the...

Ancy-Le-Franc, Château d'

Ancy-Le-Franc, Château d'   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
175 words

...in Burgundy. The architect was Serlio , who was employed at the court of Francis I . The house and garden were commissioned by Antoine de Clermont , brother-in-law of Diane de Poitiers ; construction on a large, level site began c. 1546 . The house is built around a large rectangular courtyard of majestic proportions. The twelve principal rooms on the ground floor, notably the Chambre des Nudités and the Chambre de Diane, are adorned with tapestries and frescoes. On the first floor, the apartments and galleries were sumptuously decorated by Primaticcio . A...

Delorme, Philibert

Delorme, Philibert   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
219 words

...Philibert or Philibert de L'Orme ( 1514–70 ), French architect, born in Lyon, the son of a master mason. He visited Rome as a young man ( c. 1533–6 ), and the influence of the Roman High Renaissance is apparent in the work that he executed after his return to France. Most of his buildings have been destroyed, but surviving examples of his work include the tomb of Francis I at Saint-Denis and parts of Château d' Anet , which he built for Diane de Poitiers ; his frontispiece for the chateau is now in the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. The most...

Chenonceaux, Château de

Chenonceaux, Château de   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
497 words

...Château de . The chateau was built by Thomas Bohier between 1513 and 1521 . The site is the river Cher, which the chateau spans. After the death of Bohier and his widow the chateau passed to the crown in lieu of debts to the royal treasury. When Henri II ascended the throne in 1547 , he gave Chenonceaux to his mistress Diane de Poitiers , who commissioned Philibert Delorme to build a bridge carrying a two-storey gallery (La Grande Galerie) to link the chateau (which extended from the medieval keep on the north bank of the Cher) to the...

Goujon, Jean

Goujon, Jean   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
184 words

...Jean ( c. 1510– c. 1565 ), French sculptor and engraver. He lived in Rouen in the early 1540s, and there carved the columns supporting the organ loft in the Church of Saint-Maclou; he may also have been the designer of the tomb of Louis de Brézé (husband of Diane de Poitiers ) in Rouen Cathedral, though the execution seems to be the work of another hand. In about 1543 Goujon moved to Paris, where he worked as a decorative sculptor with the architect Pierre Lescot . Their collaborations include the Hôtel Carnavalet , for which Goujon carved...

Henri II

Henri II   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
343 words

..., the dauphin. In 1526 , at the age of 7, he was sent with François to Spain as a hostage for his father; the brothers remained in Spain until the Peace of Cambrai was signed ( 1529 ). In 1533 he married Catherine de Médicis ; both bride and groom were 14 years old. Two years later Henri became the lover of Diane de Poitiers , who was twenty years older than the prince. On the death of his elder brother in 1536 Henri became dauphin, but did not enjoy good relations with his father: in 1541 he supported Montmorency after his exclusion from...

umbrellas and parasols

umbrellas and parasols   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
414 words

...IV beneath the banner of the Papal State on which an umbrella shelters the crossed keys. The parasol was introduced in sixteenth-century Europe by aristocratic women in Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Catherine de Médicis brought her parasol to France when she married the future King Henri II in 1533 , and Henri's mistress Diane de Poitiers owned a parasol of which fragments still survive. The parasol was nonetheless not in common use amongst aristocratic French women: in 1578 Henri Estienne argued in his Deux Dialogues du nouveau français...

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