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Demetrius (20)

Of Troezen (probably 1st cent. ad), wrote works on literary history. The only known title is that of his work on philosophers, Against the Sophists. Athenaeus 1. 29a;Diogenes ...

A Midsummer Night’s Dream

A Midsummer Night’s Dream   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,220 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...’s Knight’s Tale, to which Shakespeare would return, with Fletcher , nearly 20 years later, dramatizing it as The Two Noble Kinsmen . Chaucer’s story provides the basis for Shakespeare’s depiction of Theseus and Hippolyta’s marriage, which it juxtaposes, furthermore, with a rivalry between two men for the same woman, source for the competition between Lysander and Demetrius over Hermia. Shakespeare, however, adds a second woman, Helena, who has earlier been jilted by Demetrius, and thereby repeats the pattern of love intrigues he had deployed in The Two...

Titus Andronicus

Titus Andronicus   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,504 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...dispute between Chiron and Demetrius over Lavinia, by suggesting that they should both rape her in the woods. 2.1 Titus organizes a royal hunt to celebrate the Emperor’s wedding. 2.2 Aaron and Tamora meet in the woods and Aaron discloses his plans to have Lavinia raped and Bassianus killed. Tamora tells her sons that Bassianus and Lavinia have been threatening to take her life. Prompted by Tamora, Chiron and Demetrius kill Bassianus and rape Lavinia. Aaron lures Titus’ sons Quintus and Martius into the pit where Chiron and Demetrius have thrown Bassianus’ body...

Demetrius

Demetrius (20) (probably 1st cent. ad)(of Troezen)   Reference library

Michael Burney Trapp

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
40 words

... (20) , of Troezen ( probably 1st cent. ad ) , wrote works on literary history. The only known title is that of his work on philosophers, Against the Sophists . Ath. 1. 29a; Diog. Laert. 8. 74. Michael Burney...

Ipsos, battle of

Ipsos, battle of (301 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...allied phalanx and Demetrius' victorious cavalry. Horses were notoriously frightened of elephants and, after rallying, Demetrius' command was unable to approach the centre of the battlefield and influence events there. Seleucus harassed the Antigonid phalanx, possibly with horse archers, and in time large numbers defected to the allies. Finally, Antigonus was killed by a javelin and his army collapsed. The battle's outcome was decisive, Seleucus becoming leader of Syria and Mesopotamia, Ptolemy king of Egypt. Stephen Nutt Diodorus , 20. 113–21. 2. Plutarch...

Stratocles

Stratocles   Reference library

R. M. Errington

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
145 words

...from the deme of Diomeia ( c. 355 to after 292 bc ). He was the official prosecutor of Harpalus (Din. 1. 1. 20) ( 324 / 3 ). After Demetrius (4) 's democratic restoration in 307 , Stratocles distinguished himself by unscrupulous demagogy and excessive praise of Demetrius and his entourage, whose agent in Athens he became. Inscriptions confirm Plutarch's unsavoury picture of him ( Demetr. 11 ff.). His influence disappeared with Demetrius' defeat at Ipsus ( 301 ), but his recovery of Athens in 294 brought Stratocles back to the fore: his honorary...

Hiero'nymus

Hiero'nymus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Classical studies
Length:
152 words

...military command under the Diadochi ). He then went to the court of Antigonus I (one of Alexander's generals), his son Demetrius Poliorcetes , and his grandson Antigonus Gonatas , and thus had first-hand knowledge of the events he related. Although his history is largely lost it is the most important source behind Arrian and Diodorus Siculus (books 18–20), and was used by Plutarch for his Lives of Eumenes, Pyrrhus, and Demetrius, as well as by Justin . 2. See Jerome...

Eucratides I

Eucratides I   Quick reference

Frank L. Holt

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
338 words

...seized power in Bactria, and then waged wars in Sogdiana, Arachosia, Drangiana, Aria, and finally NW India. His principal adversary was probably King Demetrius I (son of Euthydemus I , though some argue for Demetrius II ). After enduring a long siege, Eucratides overcame Demetrius and claimed the territories of Parapamisadae and Gandhara. It is likely that he also defeated the relatives of Demetrius I , including the ephemeral kings Euthydemus II , Agathocles, and Pantaleon. A campaign against Menander I is also possible. The career of Eucratides...

Eucratides I

Eucratides I (170–145)   Reference library

Frank L. Holt

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
351 words

...seized power in Bactria, and then waged wars in Sogdiana, Arachosia, Drangiana, Aria, and finally NW India. His principal adversary was probably King Demetrius I (son of Euthydemus I), though some argue for Demetrius II. After enduring a long siege, Eucratides overcame Demetrius and claimed the territories of Parapamisadae and Gandhara. It is likely that he also defeated the relatives of Demetrius I, including the ephemeral kings Euthydemus II, Agathocles, and Pantaleon. A campaign against Menander I is also possible. The career of Eucratides may be traced...

Eucratides I

Eucratides I (c.170–145 bc)((‘the Great’))   Reference library

Frank L. Holt

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
375 words

...seized power in Bactria, and then waged wars in Sogdiana, Arachosia, Drangiana, Aria, and finally NW India. His principal adversary was probably King Demetrius (8) I (son of Euthydemus I), though some argue for Demetrius (9) II . After enduring a long siege, Eucratides overcame Demetrius and claimed the territories of Parapamisadae and Gandhara . It is likely that he also defeated the relatives of Demetrius I, including the ephemeral kings Euthydemus (3) II , Agathocles, and Pantaleon. A campaign against Menander ( 2 ) I is also possible. The career of...

Clodius (RE 58) Thrasea Paetus, Publius

Clodius (RE 58) Thrasea Paetus, Publius   Reference library

George Clement Whittick and Miriam T. Griffin

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
163 words

...servility, he showed opposition by abstention. Condemned under Nero in ad 66 , he committed suicide in the presence of his son-in-law Helvidius Priscus and the Cynic philosopher Demetrius (19) but dissuaded his wife Arria (2) from taking her life, as he had once tried to dissuade her mother. Tac. Ann. 13. 49; 14. 12, 48–9; 15.20–1; 16.21–35; Plin. Ep. 3. 16. 10; 6.20; 8.22.; R. Syme , Tacitus , 556 ff.; M. T. Griffin , Nero ; J. Geiger , Athenaeum 1979, 48 ff. George Clement Whittick / Miriam T....

Pepagomenos, Demetrios

Pepagomenos, Demetrios   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
150 words

...16th-C. editor, with Michael VIII Palaiologos . Subsequent scholarship has mistakenly asserted the existence of a 13th-C. Demetrios Pepagomenos. ed. G. Schmalzbauer , Eine bisher unedierte Monodie auf Kleope Palaiologina von Demetrios Pepagomenos , JÖB 20 (1971) 223–40. A. Diller , Demetrius Pepagomenus , Byzantion 48 (1978) 35–42. Chortasm. 57–59, 113–17, 199–203. — R. J....

Ipsus, Battle of

Ipsus, Battle of   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
704 words

...a hail of javelins. Only a single attendant, Thorax of Larissa, remained with the body, which was later accorded a royal funeral. Unfortunately, Plutarch's emotional account ( Life of Demetrius 29.4–8) is the sole continuous description of Ipsus, as the narrative in Diodorus’ Library of History breaks off at book 20 after recounting the preliminary maneuvers of the protagonists in the previous year. Most of book 21 of Library of History , probably decanting Hieronymus of Cardia's eyewitness version of the battle, is lost. However, a fragmentary Babylonian...

Antigonus Monophthalmus

Antigonus Monophthalmus (c.382–301bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
896 words

...Aided by his dashing son, Demetrius Poliorcetes, Antigonus warred against his rivals for the rest of his life, founding cities to try to build support. When a peace made in 311 bce with principal rivals fell apart, he sought help from Greek cities, proclaiming that he wanted to promote “freedom for the Greeks.” He dispatched Demetrius to liberate Greek cities under the control of the Macedonian Cassander, and when Demetrius freed Athens in 307 bce , the Athenians declared him and Antigonus to be gods. When Demetrius defeated Ptolemy's navy in 306 ...

Origen

Origen (c.185–c.254)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
403 words

...writer . Born in Egypt, he was brought up as a Christian and recognized by Demetrius , Bp. of Alexandria , as head of the Catechetical School (q.v.). When trouble broke out in Alexandria in 215, he went to Palestine; his preaching here as a layman was regarded as a breach of Alexandrian ecclesiastical discipline and he was recalled. In 230 he went to Palestine again and was ordained priest by the bishops who had invited him to preach on his previous visit. In consequence Demetrius deprived him of his chair and deposed him from the priesthood. Origen went to...

John of Salisbury

John of Salisbury (c.1115–1180)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...wrote works on logic and metaphysics (the Metalogicon ) and on the theory of the state (the Policraticus ). Two possible examples of Chaucer's use of the Policraticus have been suggested. It seems likely that in The Pardoner's Tale the stories of Stilboun and Demetrius (VI.603–20) come from it. It has also been suggested that he might have found there the lines of Horace which may have been the source of the mysterious ‘ Lollius ’. Webb, C. C. J. (1909) (ed.), John of Salisbury Policratici siue De nugis curialium , 2 vols. (Oxford); Webb, C....

Raphia, battle of

Raphia, battle of   Reference library

John F. Lazenby

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
204 words

...on whether the 20,000 native Egyptians, recruited for the first time, were included in the 25,000-strong phalanx also mentioned by Polybius (5. 65), or additional: in the former case he had 50,000 infantry, in the latter 70,000; Antiochus had 62,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry, and 102 Indian elephants. The battle opened with Antiochus' 60 right-wing elephants charging the 40 on Ptolemy's left, and when the latter gave way, Antiochus followed with a successful cavalry attack, led by himself. Antiochus' left was, however, defeated, and as Demetrius ( 4 ) had...

Maccabees, The

Maccabees, The   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,549 words

...Balas gave him the high priesthood (to which Jonathan had no hereditary right) in 152 bce . Jonathan refused to support Demetrius I and defeated Demetrius II in 147 bce (thus earning new honors and more territory from Balas); but when Balas was killed in 145 bce , Jonathan shifted his allegiance to Demetrius II, for which Demetrius transferred to Jonathan three districts from Samaria . When Antiochus VI and Trypho ousted Demetrius in 145 bce , they confirmed Jonathan in his position and made his brother Simon governor of the coastal region. Jonathan...

Seleucids

Seleucids   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...was connected to Israel. This text mentions both Antiochus IV ( 175–164 bce ; 4Q169 3–4.i.1–3) and Demetrius III ( 95–88 bce ; 4Q169 3–4.i.1–2). Indeed Judea was deeply involved in Seleucid history for some generations after Antiochus's persecution ( 167–164 bce ). Antiochus IV died in 164 bce , and under his successor Antiochus V (a boy under the tutelage of Lysias) the war of independence in Judea continued. Antiochus V was soon replaced by Demetrius I ( 162 bce ), who made a considerable effort to consolidate his kingdom, despite Roman enmity. He...

Pyrrhus

Pyrrhus   Quick reference

Peter Sidney Derow

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
494 words

...and the Paeonian king Audoleon, whose daughters he also married. Conflict with Demetrius (from 291 ), now king of Macedon, saw substantial gains in Thessaly and Macedonia, but these were largely lost later to Lysimachus ( 284 ). Appealed to by the Tarentines (as his uncle Alexander of Epirus and the Spartans Archidamus III and Cleonymus before him), Pyrrhus went to assist them in their Hellenic struggle against Rome. With a force of 25,000 infantry, 3,000 horse, and 20 elephants he defeated the Romans at Heraclea ( 280 ), though not without loss, and...

Pyrrhus

Pyrrhus (319–272)   Reference library

Peter Sidney Derow

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
502 words

...and the Paeonian king Audoleon , whose daughters he also married. Conflict with Demetrius (from 291), now king of Macedon, saw substantial gains in Thessaly and Macedonia, but these were largely lost later to Lysimachus (284). Appealed to by the Tarentines (as his uncle Alexander of Epirus and the Spartans King Archidamus III and Cleonymus before him), Pyrrhus went to assist them in their Hellenic struggle against Rome. With a force of 25,000 infantry, 3,000 horse, and 20 elephants he defeated the Romans at Heraclea (mod. Policoro) (280), though not...

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