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Demetrius (20)

Of Troezen (probably 1st cent. ad), wrote works on literary history. The only known title is that of his work on philosophers, Against the Sophists. Athenaeus 1. 29a;Diogenes ...

Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia   Reference library

T.V.F. Brogan and J. M. Cocola

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,340 words

...has always been a significant issue for linguists and stood as a topic of lively interest to the ancients. It is central to Plato’s Cratylus , and also appears in Aristotle ( Rhet . 3.9), Demetrius ( On Style ), Dionysius of Halicarnassus ( On Literary Composition ), and Quintilian ( Institutio oratoria 9.3, 9.4). Saussure impressed indelibly upon the mind of the 20th c. the idea that the relation between word and thing is arbitrary. But of course, desire cuts so much deeper than fact. Poets continually desire to make lang. appropriate, so that words...

Anaphora

Anaphora   Reference library

J. Weare

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...it consists of simple repetition, anaphora is a versatile, translatable, and ubiquitous poetic tool: present in the Epic of Gilgamesh and the fragments of Sappho; noted by cl. rhetoricians such as Demetrius, Alexander, and Longinus; dominating sections of the Bible and Philip Sidney ’s Astrophil and Stella ; and figuring prominently in the work of 20th-c. poets such as H.D., André Breton , Attila Jósef , Allen Ginsberg , and T. S. Eliot , whose “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” contains anaphora, epistrophe, symploce, and a loose form of...

Prose Rhythm

Prose Rhythm   Reference library

T.V.F. Brogan and M. Martin

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,491 words

...to measure variation. Scholars have taken texts, portions of texts, and speech forms as possible grounds for analysis, with mixed results. II. Classical and Medieval. Prose rhythm was an accepted part of ancient rhetorical theory. Major texts include Aristotle’s Rhetoric , Demetrius’s On Style , Dionysius’s On Literary Composition , Quintilian’s Institutio oratoria , and Cicero’s De oratore . Aristotle conflates rhythm with periodic structure and treats the rhythm of the whole sentence with that of merely the sentence end or clausula. Neither of these...

Hermeneutics

Hermeneutics   Reference library

V. Hösle

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
4,845 words

... Memorabilia 4.3.12), stylistic expression or gift of style (so in the title of the rhetorical work ascribed to Demetrius or in Dionysius of Halicarnassus’s Pros Gnaion Pompēion epistolē [Letter to Pompey, 1.2]), or enunciation: so in the (probably later) title of Aristotle’s work, translated as De interpretatione (On Interpretation) by Boethius, although it is hardly a hermeneutic work in the sense defined above. For poetics, Demetrius’s work is the most important treatise of antiquity using the term hermēneía . II. Ancient and Medieval. Even if the...

Classical Poetics

Classical Poetics   Reference library

S. Bartsch

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
7,301 words

...on the arrangement of words, Dionysius held that the poetic goal of pleasure and beauty could be created by a particular combination of sounds, variety, and rhythm. These criteria were used to set up three distinct styles: the austere, the elegant, and the mixed (21–24). Demetrius’s (b. 350 bce ) On Style (possibly 1st c. bce ) treats both poetry and prose under four styles: elevated, elegant, plain, and forcible. VII. Horace and the Augustan Age. The centralization of political power in a single figure after the Augustan victory of 31 bce ...

Verse and Prose

Verse and Prose   Reference library

T. Steele

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
6,168 words

...incl., according to Diodorus Siculus ( Library of History 12.53.2-5), isocolon (clauses of similar length), parison (balanced clauses) and homoeoteuleton (flectional rhyme). More specifically, Gorgias’s revolutionary periodic style ( lexis periodos ) aims to make, as Demetrius remarks ( On Style 12), “the periods succeed one another with no less regularity than the hexameters in the poetry of Homer” (trans. Loeb Library ed.). Similarly, when Gorgias’s student Isocrates starts systematically to cultivate prose rhythm, his motive is to attract to prose...

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