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Demetrius (20)

Of Troezen (probably 1st cent. ad), wrote works on literary history. The only known title is that of his work on philosophers, Against the Sophists. Athenaeus 1. 29a;Diogenes ...

Warships

Warships   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
15,668 words
Illustration(s):
5

...naval arms race started between Alexander’s successors, which produced ships of enormous proportions. One of the contenders, Demetrius I Poliorcetes (r. c. 294–c. 288 b.c.e. ), called “the Besieger,” took part in a sea battle near Salamis (Cyprus) in 306 b.c.e. with “sevens,” vessels that were rowed from one, two, or three levels. If we believe the historian Diodorus Siculus , who lived in the first century b.c.e. , Demetrius already in 315 b.c.e. had even larger vessels: “nines” and “tens.” The heavier the ships and the higher the numbers of...

Ancient Navies

Ancient Navies   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
15,774 words
Illustration(s):
2

...with his son Demetrius —emerged as the most aggressive naval power of all, driving a naval arms race with his rivals that produced bigger and bigger ships designed to attack and defend the coastal cities so important to everyone’s aspirations. Bigger and Bigger Warships These new “Hellenistic navies” required larger warships than were built before, and our sources imply that they were introduced in rapid succession. In 307 , “sixes” and “sevens” are said to have helped Demetrius defeat Ptolemy off Cyprian Salamis; six years later Demetrius’s fleet contained...

Technology and Weapons

Technology and Weapons   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
10,000 words
Illustration(s):
1

...torsion catapults became available in the Mediterranean. Their first attested deployment at sea occurred in a naval battle between the fleets of two of the would-be successors of Alexander the Great, Demetrius I Poliorcetes and Ptolemy I (Ptolemy Soter) at Salamis in 306 b.c.e. According to the first century b.c.e. historian Diodorus Siculus, Demetrius put stone-throwing catapults on the main decks of his ships and arrow-shooting catapults on their prows; thereafter catapults became standard on all decked warships. In the 30s b.c.e. the Roman ...

Ipsos, battle of

Ipsos, battle of (301 bc)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...allied phalanx and Demetrius' victorious cavalry. Horses were notoriously frightened of elephants and, after rallying, Demetrius' command was unable to approach the centre of the battlefield and influence events there. Seleucus harassed the Antigonid phalanx, possibly with horse archers, and in time large numbers defected to the allies. Finally, Antigonus was killed by a javelin and his army collapsed. The battle's outcome was decisive, Seleucus becoming leader of Syria and Mesopotamia, Ptolemy king of Egypt. Stephen Nutt Diodorus , 20. 113–21. 2. Plutarch...

Siege Warfare

Siege Warfare   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
4,125 words
Illustration(s):
2

...out. Examples of narrative siege descriptions by Byzantine authors include Prokopios on the Gothic siege of Rome (537/38), in which the Goths used four siege towers; Agathias on Narses’ siege of Cumae (552/53), with a description of a sapping operation; the Miracles of St. Demetrius on the Avaro-Slav siege of Thessalonike (possibly 586 or or 597 ) describing what are presumably trebuchets, as well as rams and siege sheds; John Kameniates on the Arab siege of Thessalonike (904), with siege towers on ships; and Anna Komnene on the Norman siege of...

Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
24,715 words
Illustration(s):
4

...by DietherRoderich Reinsch . Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae 22. Berlin and New York: de Gruyter, 1983. Kritoboulos, Michael . History of Mehmed the Conqueror . Translated by Charles T. Riggs . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954. Kydones, Demetrios . Démétrius Cydonius: Correspondance . Edited by Raymond J. Loenertz . Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1956–1960. Lampros, Spyridēn P. , ed. Vrachea chronika . Athens, Greece: Grapheion Dēmosieumatēn Akadēmias Athēnēn, 1932. Manuel II Palaiologos . The Letters of Manuel II...

Crusades

Crusades   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
48,851 words
Illustration(s):
8

...the medieval period. During the battle, Kerbogha does appear to have made a number of tactical mistakes; however, the key factor seems to have been the zealous momentum of the Christian assault, during which contemporaries claimed that they were supported by Saint George, Saint Demetrius, and Saint Mercurius. With this victory, the road to the Levant lay open and the Christian armies moved south. Although there had been friction among the crusade leadership during the siege, the battle stood as testament to the commanders’ ability to work together at a time of...

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