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Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

CoCom

CoCom   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Computer Science (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Export Controls. In the Cold War era, the export of various technologies, including computing systems, networking, hardware, and software, was restricted under circumstances in which this might enhance the military capability of the other country, or place at risk the technology advantage of the exporting country. CoCom was the committee, with representatives from the 15 western nations in the NATO alliance plus Japan, that specified the technology for which (CoCom) export approval was required. Following the end of the Cold War, CoCom was replaced in ...

Nash, John Forbes

Nash, John Forbes (1928–2015)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...won the Nobel Prize for Economic Science in 1994 for his work in non‐cooperative game theory which was published in 1949 . Despite the importance of this work in economics, and in diplomatic and military strategy to which Nash applied it for the RAND Corporation during the Cold War, Nash viewed himself as a pure mathematician. He made important contributions in the theory of real algebraic varieties, Riemann geometry and manifolds, and particularly on parabolic and elliptical equations. He was thought to be in contention for the Fields Medal in 1958 ,...

CoCom

CoCom  

Coordinating Committee on Multilateral Export Controls. In the Cold War era, the export of various technologies, including computing systems, networking, hardware, and software, was restricted under ...
National Security Agency

National Security Agency  

A US government agency charged with carrying out technical activities which support the US government's intelligence agencies. It is often abbreviated to NSA.
John Nash

John Nash  

(1928 –)Mathematician and economist best known for his contributions to game theory. Nash's interest in games developed at Princeton University, where the two founders of the field, John von ...
National Science Foundation

National Science Foundation  

A US governmental body charged with the fostering and support of American research. It played a very important part in the development of the Internet in the 1980s when it started its Supercomputer ...

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