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Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

Wele

Wele (Africa)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...him from being resplendent.’ Wele had to separate the rival brothers and decree that the sun would shine in the day, while the night would belong to the pale moon. The next creations were clouds, the cock of lightning, stars, rain, rainbows ‘by which god stops rain’, air, and ‘the cold air’ which causes hailstones. This was the work of two days. The creation of the earth followed, along with the first man, named Mwambu, and the first woman, Sela. Then Wele stocked the earth with animals and completed the making of the universe ‘in six days’. A myth concerns the...

changelings

changelings   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...his place’; alternatively, lay it on the hearth beside a thickly smoking fire ( Bottrell , 1873 : 202). In 1843 a Penzance man was charged with letting one of his children be cruelly treated by a servant; the child had been put up a tree and left there for over two hours on a cold winter night ( The West Briton ( 14 July 1843 ). By the 19th century, accounts of alleged changelings are rare. From Kington (Herefordshire) comes the sole English example of a tale well known in Scotland, Ireland, and abroad, telling how a changeling was detected and expelled;...

Miseke Marries the God of Thunder

Miseke Marries the God of Thunder (Nyarwanda/Rwanda)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Marries the God of Thunder (Nyarwanda/Rwanda) A woman whose husband is fighting in a war is alone and ill, and she cries out that she will die of cold if no one builds a fire for her. She prays to the thunder of heaven to help her. A cloud appears in the sky, grows, until the sky is overcast. She hears thunder in the distance, sees a flash of lightning, then Thunder stands before her in the likeness of a man with an ax in his hand. He splits the wood and lights the fire with the touch of his fingers. Then he asks her what she will give him. He asks if,...

Ragnarok

Ragnarok   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...of the Gods”) is the apocalypse, the end of the world. Snorri describes the terrible events, perhaps appropriate to the cold, dark Germanic north, in the Prose Edda , basing his story on that of the solemn second part of the Voluspa in the older Poetic Edda . According to the myth, the high god Odin called up a seeress from the dead who told him how the world began and how it would end. The beginning of the end would be wars in Midgard , the land of humans. Relatives would fight each other; social order would break down. Fathers would kill their...

Greek Creation

Greek Creation   Reference library

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...child, Zeus, in a hidden place on Crete. On Kronos's plate she substituted a stone for Zeus. The deception was successful. The spared Zeus returned in time and led a war against his father and the Titans, eventually establishing the Olympian hegemony. Zeus ruled supreme on Olympus and married his sister Hera. As king and queen, they produced the blacksmith god, Hephaistos, and the god of war, Ares. Zeus was not a faithful husband. He had children by other goddesses and by mortal women. Among his most powerful offspring were the great goddess Athena, who some...

Christmas

Christmas   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...1799 , had: dinner by myself on spratts and fine woodcock. The kitchen was tolerably well lined with my poor neighbours, workmen, &c. Many of them staid till past ten o'clock and sang very melodiously. Sent half-a-crown to our Church Musicians who had serenaded the family this cold morning at five o'clock. ( Holland , ed. Jack Ayres , 1984) Many traditional visiting customs occurred at this season: mumming of various kinds, sword dancing , Hooden Horses , Old Tup, Plough Stots , wassailing , and waits (Wright and Lones, 1940 : iii. 209–79)....

Lebor Gabála Érenn

Lebor Gabála Érenn   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...was killed in Spain while aiding his kinsmen there. He gave his name to his people through his many sons, some of them from his second wife, Scota (1) , the daughter of the Pharaoh. One son, Íth , after climbing Breogan's tower in Brigantia [La Caruña, Spain], sees Ireland one cold night and resolves to go there; when he does, and is killed, eight sons of Míl vow revenge. They land at Inber Scéne and win a swift victory over the Tuatha Dé Danann at Sliab Mis before meeting three goddesses, Banba , Ériu , and Fódla , each of whom asked that Ireland be...

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