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Overview

Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

alliance

alliance  

N. a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations: a defensive alliance between Australia and New Zealand | divisions within the alliance.
Pacific Islands

Pacific Islands  

Oceania, or the Pacific Islands region, includes Melanesia (the islands of black peoples), Polynesia (many islands), and Micronesia (small islands) over a vast area covering one third of the globe ...
urban renewal

urban renewal  

Fashionable American term of the 1950s, which really meant large-scale destructive redevelopment of urban areas, often in association with central or municipal government. It was adopted in the ...
Korea

Korea  

A region of eastern Asia forming a peninsula between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea, now divided along the 38th parallel into South Korea and North Korea. Possessed of a distinct national and ...
communism

communism  

A theory of classless society with common ownership of property and wealth and centrally planned production and distribution based on the principle ‘from everyone according to their skills, to ...
royal commissions

royal commissions  

[Or]Royal Commissions on ancient and historical monuments were established in the early years of the 20th century for England (Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England), Wales (Royal ...
idealism

idealism  

[Th]The theoretical position that phenomena and events exist only in so far as they are perceived as ideas. The idealist believes that thoughts are prior to actions, and that the mental or cognitive ...
politics

politics  

Social relations that involve authority or power; the science and methods of government. See also environmental politics.
Turkey

Turkey  

Tension between Islamists and secularists threatens democracy and EU accessionTurkey is predominantly mountainous. The lowlands are mostly confined to coastal areas around the Black Sea, the Aegean, ...
propaganda

propaganda  

[Latin ‘propagation’]Persuasive mass communication that filters and frames the issues of the day in a way that strongly favours particular interests; usually those of a government or corporation ...
Pakistan

Pakistan  

Asia's great underachiever. Democracy has yet to take hold and now the country is under attack from terrorists.Pakistan has four main geographical regions. First, in the far north is the Hindu Kush ...
ideology

ideology  

Any wide-ranging system of beliefs, ways of thought, and categories that provide the foundation of programmes of political and social action: an ideology is a conceptual scheme with a practical ...
computer

computer  

Any device capable of carrying out a sequence of operations in a defined manner. The definition of the operations is called the program. An analog computer performs computations by manipulating ...
revolution

revolution  

Any major social and political transformation, sufficient to replace old institutions and social relations, and to initiate new relations of power and authority. Revolutions may or may not be ...
Mormons

Mormons  

A member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, a religion founded in the US in 1830 by Joseph Smith Jr.Smith claimed to have found and translated The Book of Mormon by divine ...
European

European   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
61 words

...European A weekly English language newspaper launched by Robert Maxwell ( 1923–91 ) in 1990 that was intended to sell across post-Cold War Europe but which sold very few copies anywhere, attracting limited advertising in the process. Having been a drain on the finances both of Maxwell and subsequent owners the Barclay brothers, it died a quiet death in 1998...

anti-communism

anti-communism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
89 words

...media; they argued that an atmosphere of anti-communism, particularly within the USA, resulted in a tendency for journalists to stick to safe subjects and sources for fear of being labelled a communist or fellow traveller. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War, the bogeyman role previously played by the Soviet Union and communists has arguably been transferred to Islamic fundamentalists. See also flak ; McCarthyism...

war film

war film   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
1,002 words

...War II were made during the late 1940s and the 1950s, consolidating the genre and shaping cultural attitudes towards the ongoing Cold War. Similarly, valorization of the resistance against Nazi occupation appeared as a common theme in the war films of the Netherlands , Norway , Yugoslavia , and elsewhere. The Cold War struggle also ensured that the war film became a popular genre in the USSR , Eastern Europe , and China . Filmmakers in North Africa , Sub-Saharan Africa , Latin America , and the Middle East (especially Israel ) also found the war...

McCarthyism

McCarthyism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Journalism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
150 words

...from working. At the height of the witch-hunt, CBS journalist Ed Murrow ( 1908–65 ) famously used his See It Now current affairs television programme to expose what he saw as the climate of fear and bullying that McCarthyism had spread through the USA during the Cold War; the arguments surrounding the broadcast were later the subject of the film Good Night, and Good Luck (dir. George Clooney, 2005). See also anti-communism ; chilling effect ; flak ; I. F. Stone’s Weekly ; Las Vegas Sun . http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anNEJJYLU8M Ed Murrow...

compilation film

compilation film   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Film Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
504 words

...about memory and history. The Hungarian filmmaker Péter Forgács , for example, has made a number of compilation films drawing on amateur and home movie footage shot in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s by families in Europe. These are testimony to a way of life destroyed by war, Cold War, and genocide: Free Fall ( 1998 ), for example, draws on such material to reflect, with hindsight, on the lives of European Jews between 1938 and 1945 . More recently the internet was treated as an archive and a source of footage in the compilation film Life in a Day ...

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