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Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

Hennessy, Peter, Baron Hennessy of Nympsfield

Hennessy, Peter, Baron Hennessy of Nympsfield (1947– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... Whitehall ( 1989 ) Non-Fiction Never Again ( 1992 ) Non-Fiction The Hidden Wiring: Unearthing the British Constitution ( 1995 ) Non-Fiction The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders since 1945 ( 2000 ) Non-Fiction The Secret State: Whitehall and the Cold War ( 2002 ) Non-Fiction Having it so Good: Britain in the Fifties ( 2006 ) Non-Fiction Cabinets and the Bomb ( 2007 ) Non-Fiction Distilling the Frenzy: Writing the History of One's Own Times ( 2012 ) Non-Fiction ...

‘Le Carré, John’

‘Le Carré, John’ (1931– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...Carré, John’ [ David John Moore Cornwell ] ( 1931–  ) British writer of spy fiction Call for the Dead ( 1961 ) Fiction A Murder of Quality ( 1962 ) Fiction The Spy Who Came in From the Cold ( 1963 ) Fiction The Looking-Glass War ( 1965 ) Fiction A Small Town in Germany ( 1968 ) Fiction The Naive and Sentimental Lover ( 1971 ) Fiction Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy ( 1974 ) Fiction The Honourable Schoolboy ( 1977 ) Fiction Smiley's People ( 1979 ) Fiction The Little Drummer Girl ( 1983 ) Fiction A Perfect Spy ( 1986 ) Fiction The...

Logue, Christopher

Logue, Christopher (1926–2011)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... ( 1977 ) Poetry Red Bird ( 1979 ) Poetry The Magic Circus ( 1979 ) Children's Fiction Christopher Logue's Bumper Book of True Stories ( 1980 ) Non-Fiction War Music ( 1981 ) Poetry Ode to the Dodo ( 1981 ) Poetry Lucky Dust ( 1985 ) Poetry Kings ( 1991 ) Poetry The Husbands ( 1994 ) Poetry Prince Charming: A Memoir ( 1999 ) Non-Fiction All Day Permanent Red ( 2003 ) Poetry Cold Calls ( 2005 ) ...

Schlesinger, Arthur [Meier] Jr

Schlesinger, Arthur [Meier] Jr (1917–2007)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... The Imperial Presidency ( 1973 ) Non-Fiction Robert Kennedy and His Times ( 1978 ) Non-Fiction Cycles of American History ( 1986 ) Non-Fiction Is the Cold War Over? ( 1990 ) Non-Fiction The Disuniting of America : Reflections on a Multicultural Society ( 1991 ) Non-Fiction A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917–1950 ( 2000 ) Non-Fiction War and the American Presidency ( 2004 ) Non-Fiction Journals 1952–2000 ( 2007 ) Non-Fiction...

Wilson, Edmund

Wilson, Edmund (1895–1972)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...of Light ( 1952 ) Non-Fiction A Piece of My Mind ( 1956 ) Non-Fiction Red, Black, Blond, and Olive ( 1956 ) Non-Fiction The American Earthquake ( 1958 ) Non-Fiction Apologies to the Iroquois ( 1960 ) Non-Fiction Patriotic Gore ( 1962 ) Non-Fiction The Cold War and the Income Tax ( 1963 ) Non-Fiction The Bit Between My Teeth ( 1965 ) Non-Fiction O Canada ( 1965 ) Non-Fiction A Prelude ( 1967 ) Non-Fiction The Duke of Palermo ( 1969 ) Drama Upstate ( 1971 ) Non-Fiction A Window on Russia ( 1972 ) Non-Fiction The...

Logue, Christopher

Logue, Christopher (1926–2011)   Reference library

Mick Imlah

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...against the Vietnam War. He had more than thirty verse publications, in various forms, to his credit; the more durable of these are preserved in Selected Poems (Faber, 1996 ). He is best known, however, not for his ‘popular’ contemporary work but for his racy, clangorous adaptations (including extraneous elements from later history) of some books of the Iliad , after the example of Ezra * Pound . This critically acclaimed project began with War Music (Cape, 1981 ). The first three volumes, revised and collected as Logue’s Homer: War Music in 2001 ,...

Dickinson, Patric Thomas

Dickinson, Patric Thomas (1913–94)   Reference library

John Press

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...but the early romanticism and * Yeatsian symbolism have given way to a tauter, darker, more concentrated utterance. This Cold Universe (Chatto & Windus, 1964) presents, as the title suggests, a characteristically sombre view of lonely man in an impersonal world, lost and despairing unless redeemed by love. Dickinson published translations of Aristophanes in 1959 and 1970, and of The Aeneid of Vergil (Penguin, 1960). He wrote and produced many radio poetry programmes, including the series ‘Time for Verse’, and a number of feature programmes, of which those...

Harrison, Tony

Harrison, Tony (1937–)   Reference library

Sean O'Brien

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...is a public art is further demonstrated by the publication of his Gulf War poems, ‘Initial Illumination’ and ‘A Cold Coming’ in the Guardian on 5 and 18 March 1991 , during the conflict. Harrison has also worked extensively as a theatre poet and as a librettist, writing acclaimed versions of Racine, Molière, and Aeschylus, as well as The Mysteries ( 1985 ) and The Trackers of Oxyrhynchus ( 1990 ). His plays have been collected in five volumes by Faber. A Cold Coming: Gulf War Poems , and The Gaze of the Gorgon , which won the Whitbread Award, both...

Zaturenska, Marya

Zaturenska, Marya (1902–82)   Reference library

Robert S. Phillips

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Gregory , of a patrician Milwaukee family. They later collaborated on anthologies and A History of American Poetry , 1900–40 (New York, 1946 ). Threshold and Hearth , her first collection, appeared in 1934 . It received the Shelley Memorial Award. But it was her second book, Cold Morning Sky , which put her on the literary map. Published in 1937 —a year which saw new collections by * Bogan , H. D. ( Hilda * Doolittle ), * Jeffers , * Millay , * Pound , * Stevens , and * Tate , among others—it was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. It was reprinted twice...

Allen, Dick

Allen, Dick (1939–)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...a special issue of Crosscurrents containing poems and essays pertaining to the * New Formalism and the * New Narrative . This involvement has given his later poetry a technical polish that tempers the frenetic wildness of his inventive but uneven earlier work. Ode to the Cold War: New and Selected Poems appeared in 1997 , and has been followed by The Day Before ( 2003 ) and Present Vanishing ( 2008 —all Sarabande)....

Meredith, William

Meredith, William (1919–2007)   Reference library

Rachel Hadas

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the effect of defamiliarization achieved by the * Martian poets in Britain in the 1970s. In ‘Navy Field’ ( 1944 ), an airman reads ‘The numbered sheets that tell about weather’; in ‘Hazard Faces a Sunday in the Decline’ ( 1976 ), a cat has seen ‘the big thrush taken from the cold | box, dressed and put in the hot’—a Thanksgiving turkey transferred from refrigerator to oven. With such eloquently clumsy periphrases Meredith evokes, in a memorably circumlocutory fashion, the things of this world. Hampered by the expressive aphasia which followed his stroke,...

Szirtes, George

Szirtes, George (1948–)   Reference library

Peter Porter

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of Reel ( 2004 ), which won the T. S. Eliot Prize. New and Collected Poems ( 2008 ) has been followed by The Burning of the Books and other poems ( 2009 ). See also Fortinbras at the Fishhouses (2010—all Bloodaxe) , an extended essay on poetry and politics during the Cold War period, written under the aegis of Elizabeth * Bishop ’s ironic notion of ‘historical’ knowledge. Now Reader in Creative Writing at the University of East Anglia, Szirtes is also a prolific translator of Hungarian literature: see The Colonnade of Teeth: Twentieth Century...

Markham, E. A.

Markham, E. A. (1939–2008)   Reference library

Mario Relich

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...publications, including Artrage ( 1985–7 ). Markham was one of the most cosmopolitan of the post-war West Indian poets in style and subject-matter. He also showed great partiality for the long poem, usually autobiographical in content. Dry wit pervades much of his work, and free verse is his most frequent poetic medium. In ‘Late Return’, a long poem which describes a return visit to Montserrat, his wit emerges as a probing, self-critical exercise in cold detachment. ‘Grandmother-poem’ is more moving, drawn from childhood memories, but stern in spirit: ‘I...

Nims, John Frederick

Nims, John Frederick (1913–99)   Reference library

David Mason

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...In America Nims is best known for his powerful impact as editor of Poetry from 1978 to 1984 , and as the author of an important textbook, Western Wind (2nd edn., 1983 ). In both capacities he fostered the use of traditional forms evident in his own work. Though perhaps too cold and densely written, Nims' early poems show a talent for satire. His second full-length collection, A Fountain in Kentucky ( 1950 ), is more assured and emotionally profound, particularly in ‘The Masque of Blackness’, a sonnet-sequence touching on the death of his son George ....

Olson, Charles

Olson, Charles (1910 –70)   Reference library

Nicholas Everett and Roger Gilbert

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Charles ( 1910 –70 ) Born and raised in Worcester, Massachusetts, and educated at Wesleyan University and Harvard, where he studied American civilization. During the Second World War he worked for the Democratic Party and for the Office of War Information as assistant chief of the Foreign Language Division. His first two books, Call Me Ishmael ( 1947 ), a study of Melville ’s Moby-Dick , and The Mayan Letters ( 1953 ), written to Robert * Creeley from Mexico where he was studying Mayan hieroglyphics, cover a range of subjects—mythology,...

Webb, Francis

Webb, Francis (1925–73)   Reference library

Toby Davidson

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...to Buffalo, Boston, and Nantucket, exposed him to international views on the Holocaust and Cold War as well as the Americans Hart * Crane and Robert * Lowell , who inspired Webb to write more openly about himself and his ‘strict, if not puritanical’ Catholicism (as he later put it). Leichhardt in Theatre ( 1952 ), with its title poem pre-dating Patrick White ’s interpretation of the same explorer-narrative in Voss ( 1957 ), demonstrates the tug-of-war the poet felt at the time between the secular, heroic tastes of his Sydney mentors and his...

Hill, Sir Geoffrey

Hill, Sir Geoffrey (1932–)   Reference library

Mark Wormald

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...history, myth, legend, and the more personal imperatives of memory, giving agonized voice—in sequences such as ‘Funeral Music’ —to victims of a violence that the compelling density of his work refused to consign to its ostensibly remote historical context, and developing a cold, impassioned, Yeatsian rhetoric to address the horrors which Hill believes, after * Pound , it is the poet's duty to address. He continued to insist that contemporary Europe is irredeemably burdened with its past, and that lyric poetry must confront the uncomfortable fact of such...

Yeats, W. B.

Yeats, W. B. (1865–1939)   Reference library

Bernard O'Donoghue

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,561 words

...in January 1939 , prompting a great elegy by Auden . His body was returned to Ireland in 1948 and buried, as he had wished, in Drumcliffe churchyard, Co. Sligo (where his paternal grandfather had been rector), under the epitaph from the end of his ‘Under Ben Bulben’: ‘Cast a cold eye | On life, on death. | Horseman, pass by!’ Yeats' Last Poems ( 1939 ) present serious problems of editing and interpretation. The standard one-volume edition (the 1952 extended 2nd edition of the 1933 Collected ) ended in a fine climax with ‘Under Ben Bulben’. But all...

War Poetry

War Poetry   Reference library

L. Goldensohn

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
2,810 words

...assignments loosened, and as the cold war moved America and its allies into an endless war alert, war poetry absorbed these factors into its aesthetic. In Klaonica, Poems for Bosnia ( 1993 ), the Eng. poet Jon Silkin writes, “We, bitter heat-seeking / animals must make conscience. But touching / whose pain?” In the spreading wars of the 20th and 21st cs., civilians, soldiers, and men and women of all ethnic groups now readily blend their urge to witness into journalism, memoir, and fiction, as well as poetry. But as total war and ceaseless low-intensity...

Confessional Poetry

Confessional Poetry   Reference library

S. Rosenbaum

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
1,487 words

...of confessional representation and performance, incl. the use of dramatic personae and dramatic monologue (Lowell, Sexton, Berryman), while feminist scholars have emphasized Sexton’s and Plath’s performance and interrogation of the gendered self as a critical commentary on cold-war culture and an important influence on feminist poetry and performance art. Given the pejorative connotations of confessional poetry , Travisano has called for its demise as a “critical paradigm,” while others argue that the concept of confession can usefully elucidate poetry’s...

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