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Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

...to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission: Let us not be deceived – we are today in the midst of a cold war. The phrase is said to have been suggested to him by Herbert B. Swope , former editor of the New York World . By 1948 , as the international situation grew more tense, Baruch was telling a Senate committee: We are in the midst of a cold war which is getting warmer. See also Cold War Warrior ; Détente ; Eisenhower Doctrine ; End of History ; Hawks and doves ; McCarthyism ; Nato ; New World Order ; Peaceful coexistence ; Reagan...

Cold War Warrior

Cold War Warrior   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... War Warrior or Cold Warrior . A term for a US politician or other prominent person who took a hawkish stance ( see Hawks and doves ) in the Cold War . The term first arose in the late 1950s. Notable Cold War Warriors have included Edward Teller , ‘the Father of the H-bomb’ (and the partial inspiration of Dr Strangelove ), General Curtis ‘Bombs Away’ LeMay ( see Bomb them back into the Stone Age ), General Douglas MacArthur (the American Caesar ), Ronald Reagan (the Great Communicator ; see also Evil Empire ) and Margaret Thatcher (the ...

Religion

Religion   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,549 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...over what many Churchmen believed was the sole province of the Church. Victorian Christians looked back on the worldly, unreformed churches of the eighteenth century with palpable disdain. They were even more scornful of the rationalism of that century, which struck them as cold and inimical to a properly aesthetic and emotional approach to religion. Denominational lines in Old Dissent had hardened, while a gradual resurgence of Anglican exclusiveness and a revival of patristic learning gave new life to the long-isolated High Church party. Preachers and...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,432 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Wordsworth's. In Prometheus Unbound ( 1820 ) he wants to reveal something for which nature and language itself can only provide veils and suggestions. Life of Life! thy lips enkindle  With their love the breath between them; And thy smiles before they dwindle  Make the cold air fire; then screen them In those looks, where whoso gazes Faints, entangled in their mazes. Synaesthesia dominates the great lyric which these lines initiate. A confusion of the senses signals the presence of a spiritual voice ‘IN THE AIR, singing’, as the stage direction in...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...exhibition had lessened with its novelty, and the change is clearly discernible in the tone of its reviews. Adulation for the nature of the scheme gave way to colder evaluations of the performances themselves. Boydell's firm ran into financial difficulties over the protracted publication of the Shakespeare edition, coupled with the collapse of the lucrative foreign print market as a result of the *war [2] . An Act of Parliament was passed in 1804 to allow Boydell to dispose of the paintings by lottery, with the contents of the Gallery offered as first...

Henry V

Henry V   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,163 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...approach (such as Alan Howard in Terry Hands ’s important Stratford production of 1975 ), some reacting strongly against it (such as Michael Pennington , playing Henry as a cold cynic in Michael Bogdanov ’s production of 1985–6 ), and some attempting to do both, notably Kenneth Branagh , who first played the role in Adrian Noble ’s ambivalently post-Falklands War production for the RSC in 1984 . Michael Dobson On the screen: The two outstanding Henry V films were made by Laurence Olivier ( 1944 ) and Kenneth Branagh ( 1989 ) who, like Olivier...

Henry IV Part 1

Henry IV Part 1   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,574 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...RSC in 1964 , with Ian Holm as Harry, part of an ambitious presentation of the Second Tetralogy which staged it as a prelude to the First, famously condensed into the three-part The Wars of the Roses . This immense undertaking was repeated, in a very different manner, by Michael Bogdanov ’s English Shakespeare Company in 1985–6 , with Michael Pennington as a cold Harry and John Woodvine as a memorably cynical Sir John. Other notable Hal-Falstaff pairings in more recent times include William Houston and Desmond Barrit (RSC, 2000 ); Matthew...

Venus and Adonis

Venus and Adonis   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,978 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...She pulls him down on top of her, but to no avail (ll. 541–612). Venus warns Adonis against the perils of boar-hunting, urging him instead to hunt only hares, foxes, or deer (ll. 613–713). Venus renews her pleading for love, explaining that the night is dark to reproach Adonis’ coldness and encourage prodigality (ll. 715–68). Adonis refuses Venus, accusing her of miscalling lust by the name of love, and at last makes his escape (ll. 769–816). Alone, Venus wanders lost in the dark: noticing how her moans echo, she spends the night extemporizing an echoing song...

Henry IV Part 2

Henry IV Part 2   Reference library

Michael Dobson

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,727 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in terror: Sir John hands him over to Prince John, who arrives with Westmorland and soldiers pursuing fleeing rebels, and Coleville is sent to York to be executed. The nobles set off for London, where the King’s sickness has worsened. Sir John reflects that Prince John’s cold nature is the result of insufficient drinking, a fault from which Harry is free, and speaks eloquently of the beneficial effects of consuming sherry-sack. 4.3 On his sickbed, the King speaks of Prince Harry and his anxiety about the chaos that may befall his kingdom when he...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...unprecedentedly free in versification—defies its onstage drama, with key events (including most of Antony and Cleopatra’s time together, and the decisive battle of Actium) evoked in language rather than shown on stage. The lovers’ glamorous past seems as significant as the coldly rational present (personified by the efficient Octavius Caesar) in which they are being defeated: during the last act Cleopatra’s poetic invocation of a heroic Antony seeks to upstage and eclipse the flawed failure whom the action of the play has in fact shown. In so far as she...

All’s Well That Ends Well

All’s Well That Ends Well   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,814 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...status. Returning from his enforced wedding, Bertram tells Paroles he means to send Helen back to Roussillon without consummating the marriage and run away to the wars. 2.4 Paroles tells a grieved but compliant Helen that Bertram must depart at once on unspecified business and wishes her to return home. 2.5 Lafeu warns Bertram, in vain, against placing any faith in Paroles. Bertram takes a cold farewell from Helen, before he and Paroles leave for Italy. 3.1 The Lords Dumaine are welcomed to the battlefront by the Duke of Florence. 3.2 The Countess, delighted...

Othello

Othello   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,092 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...commands Iago to kill Cassio and means to kill Desdemona himself. 3.4 Desdemona sends the clown to fetch Cassio. She is troubled about the loss of the handkerchief, which Emilia denies having seen. Othello arrives, and Desdemona tells him she has summoned Cassio: he feigns a cold and asks for the handkerchief. When she says she has lost it he tells her it was magically charmed to ensure the continuance of mutual love, given to his mother by a sorceress, and that its loss is ominous: as his questioning about it grows more urgent, she attempts to change the...

cold sleeper

cold sleeper n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... sleeper n one who is in a state of cold sleep . 1992 V. Vinge Fire upon Deep (1993) 125 She had seen the coldsleepers burning on the ground below the ship, but those inside might have survived. 1969 R. Meredith We All Died at Breakaway Station Amazing Stories (Jan.) 127/1 The cold sleepers will stay where they are. 1994 M. O. Martin & G. Benford Trojan Cat L. Niven , et al. Man-Kzin Wars VI 288 Crew of three to five, carrying well over three hundred coldsleepers, with a sizable cargo...

Hennessy, Peter, Baron Hennessy of Nympsfield

Hennessy, Peter, Baron Hennessy of Nympsfield (1947– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... Whitehall ( 1989 ) Non-Fiction Never Again ( 1992 ) Non-Fiction The Hidden Wiring: Unearthing the British Constitution ( 1995 ) Non-Fiction The Prime Minister: The Office and Its Holders since 1945 ( 2000 ) Non-Fiction The Secret State: Whitehall and the Cold War ( 2002 ) Non-Fiction Having it so Good: Britain in the Fifties ( 2006 ) Non-Fiction Cabinets and the Bomb ( 2007 ) Non-Fiction Distilling the Frenzy: Writing the History of One's Own Times ( 2012 ) Non-Fiction ...

sapient

sapient n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... n an intelligent being. Compare sentient , sentience 1 , sophont . 1960 P. J. Farmer Woman Day 30 It seemed to him a possibility that the Cold War Corps of March might have contacted hitherto unknown sapients on some just discovered interstellar planet. 1979 M. Z. Bradley & P. E. Zimmer Survivors (1989) 7 There had been a time when Dane thought he would never tire of watching the crowds that thronged these streets, lizard-men, cat-men, bird-men […] people of every conceivable species of sapient. 1999 J. May Orion Arm 61 If the...

prespaceflight

prespaceflight adj   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

..., and the visually monstrous entities it contains, would not be reassuring. 1993 Seattle Times (ProQuest) Feb. 12 Those of us in leadership roles within education today are products of the ‘40s, ‘50s and ‘60s. Our initial value systems and understandings were shaped by a Cold War, pre-computer, pre-space flight and a Eurocentric world. 2003 J. Barnes In Hall of Martian King 114 The Pertrans car glided through Magnificiti, a pretty little town that looked like a random collection of European architectural ideas from all the prespaceflight...

‘Le Carré, John’

‘Le Carré, John’ (1931– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...Carré, John’ [ David John Moore Cornwell ] ( 1931–  ) British writer of spy fiction Call for the Dead ( 1961 ) Fiction A Murder of Quality ( 1962 ) Fiction The Spy Who Came in From the Cold ( 1963 ) Fiction The Looking-Glass War ( 1965 ) Fiction A Small Town in Germany ( 1968 ) Fiction The Naive and Sentimental Lover ( 1971 ) Fiction Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy ( 1974 ) Fiction The Honourable Schoolboy ( 1977 ) Fiction Smiley's People ( 1979 ) Fiction The Little Drummer Girl ( 1983 ) Fiction A Perfect Spy ( 1986 ) Fiction The...

Logue, Christopher

Logue, Christopher (1926–2011)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... ( 1977 ) Poetry Red Bird ( 1979 ) Poetry The Magic Circus ( 1979 ) Children's Fiction Christopher Logue's Bumper Book of True Stories ( 1980 ) Non-Fiction War Music ( 1981 ) Poetry Ode to the Dodo ( 1981 ) Poetry Lucky Dust ( 1985 ) Poetry Kings ( 1991 ) Poetry The Husbands ( 1994 ) Poetry Prince Charming: A Memoir ( 1999 ) Non-Fiction All Day Permanent Red ( 2003 ) Poetry Cold Calls ( 2005 ) ...

Schlesinger, Arthur [Meier] Jr

Schlesinger, Arthur [Meier] Jr (1917–2007)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

... The Imperial Presidency ( 1973 ) Non-Fiction Robert Kennedy and His Times ( 1978 ) Non-Fiction Cycles of American History ( 1986 ) Non-Fiction Is the Cold War Over? ( 1990 ) Non-Fiction The Disuniting of America : Reflections on a Multicultural Society ( 1991 ) Non-Fiction A Life in the Twentieth Century: Innocent Beginnings, 1917–1950 ( 2000 ) Non-Fiction War and the American Presidency ( 2004 ) Non-Fiction Journals 1952–2000 ( 2007 ) Non-Fiction...

cruiser

cruiser n   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007

... Legion of Space Astounding Stories (June) 114/2 “Another legion cruiser,” observed Jay Kalam . “Scouring space for the Purple Dream!” 1954 T. Godwin Cold Equations R. Silverberg SF Hall of Fame, Vol. I (1970) 480 When a call for aid was received the nearest cruiser would drop into normal space long enough to launch an EDS with the needed supplies or personnel. 1974 J. Haldeman Forever War (1976) 204 They wheeled around to intercept the second cruiser, by then a few light-hours away, still being harassed by fifteen enemy drones. 1985 M....

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