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Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

Historic Churches

Historic Churches   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,420 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of a Georgian interior is St Mary, Whitby (Yorkshire), where every available bit of space is taken with pews and galleries, the squire's pew across the chancel arch, a three‐decker pulpit, chandeliers, and a stove whose flue rises through the ceiling. Churches at that time were cold and often damp. Tobias Smollett wrote satirically in Humphry Clinker ( 1771 ): ‘When we consider our ancient churches … may we not term them so many magazines of rheums, created for the benefit of the medical faculty? And may we not safely aver that, in the winter especially...

hydropathy

hydropathy   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
100 words

...given to the treatment of illness by hot and cold water used both outwardly and inwardly. Formerly used in the classical world, it was reintroduced into Britain in the 1840s. The most famous hydro was that started by John Smedley ( 1803–74 ) on Matlock Bank (Derbyshire) in 1853 and extended on a grand scale in the 1880s. Concerts, theatrical performances, dances, and games were provided as well as treatment. It attracted visitors from all over Britain and abroad and remained popular until the Second World War. Several smaller and cheaper hydros were built...

spas

spas   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
398 words

...Promenade of c. 1823 and the Pittville Pump Room of 1825–30 . Cheltenham was formerly a small market town with a cold mineral spring. Its growth began modestly about 1740 as a cheaper resort than the more sophisticated Bath. The arrival of a canal in 1792 meant that building stone could be brought to the town at much cheaper rates. At the same time, several more mineral wells were discovered. After the end of the Napoleonic wars in 1815 Cheltenham experienced a period of prosperity, with the development of Pittville to the north and Lansdown to...

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