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Overview

Cold War

Subject: History

The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain ...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Norman Davies

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... War . Although the term was not generally used until the 1950s, historians of the Cold War have traced its origins to the strains of the Grand Alliance from 1941 onwards. Both Churchill and Roosevelt agreed that the western powers must sink their differences with Stalin for the duration of the war against Germany: and western propaganda went to great lengths to conceal the crimes of their Soviet ally. Stalin's contribution to the Allied war effort was so immense that he could flout the Atlantic Charter almost at will, and could gain acceptance of the...

cold war

cold war   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... war 1 a state of international tension wherein political, economic, technological, sociological, psychological, paramilitary, and military measures short of overt armed conflict involving regular military forces are employed to achieve national objectives. 2 ( the Cold War ) the state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the U.S.-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...bad job, but the floodgates burst and the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 is regarded as the end of the Cold War. The Warsaw Pact and the USSR broke up, leaving the successor state Russia to thrash about in search of a new purpose, and a triumphant NATO to develop interventionist policies it would never have dared to pursue previously. This has confirmed fears of ‘encirclement’ in Russia and it is not unimaginable that this could evolve into a new Cold War. Christopher...

Cold War

Cold War   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
64 words

... War The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to the USA. The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of Soviet power, largely as a result of its intervention in Afghanistan, and its progress towards...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
800 words

...direct military conflict unacceptable. Many local, or proxy, wars were fought, but were contained by tacit mutual agreement. The immediate trigger for the Cold War was the falling out of the wartime allies over the post-war division of Europe. In 1947 the United States began Marshall Plan aid to western Europe, and in 1949 NATO was formed. The focus of the Cold War widened to Asia—where the communists emerged victorious in China in 1949 —with wars in Korea, Vietnam, and Afghanistan. The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of communism in eastern...

Cold War

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A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
492 words

...Cold War A term coined by Baruch in 1947 to describe the emerging tensions between the Soviet Union, and the Eastern European states under its influence on the one hand, and the USA and its Western European allies on the other. The tensions had been apparent ever since the division of occupied Germany into four zones and the beginning of Soviet administration in Eastern Europe, and was intensified by the Marshall Plan , which the Soviet Union forbade the countries under its control to accept. The Cold War can be subdivided into three periods: 1. The...

Cold War.

Cold War.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,125 words

...Relations and the End of the Cold War , 1994. Melvyn P. Leffler and David S. Painter , eds., Origins of the Cold War: An International History , 1994. Thomas J. McCormick , America's Half-Century: United States Foreign Policy in the Cold War , 2d ed., 1995. James E. Cronin , The World the Cold War Made: Order, Chaos, and the Return of History , 1996. Walter LaFeber , America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945–1996 , 8th ed., 1996. Vladislav Zubok and Constantine Pleshakov , Inside the Kremlin's Cold War: From Stalin to Khrushchev , 1996. John...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Michelle DEN BESTE

Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History
Length:
2,656 words

...Cold War Following the end of World War II in 1945 , a new kind of war, a so-called Cold War, broke out. This new war centered on ideological and political conflicts, particularly the conflict between capitalism and communism. This Cold War, which turned hot several times, particularly in Korea and Vietnam, endured for nearly fifty years and affected most of the globe as countries increasingly had to choose sides with one of the superpowers (the United States and the Soviet Union) in an increasingly bipolar world. During conferences at Yalta ( 1943 ) and...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
5,406 words

...] Bibliography Gaddis , John Lewis . The Cold War: A New History . New York: Penguin, 2005. This is one of the most accessible texts for anyone looking for a readable, concise yet thorough treatment of the period. LaFeber, Walter . America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945–2002 . 9th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2004. The classic work on the topic, it has been revised to show connections between the Cold War and current relations between the United States and Russia and the War on Terror. Powaski, Ronald E. The Cold War: The United States and the Soviet Union,...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,097 words

... War . The Cold War ( 1917–1991 ), the popular name given to the political, economic, and military struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union, had its origins in 1917 with the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and concluded with the dissolution of the Soviet nation in 1991 . Although most Cold War battles were fought on the international front, America's fight against Communism often had marked domestic repercussions as well. In both the international and domestic conflicts related to the Cold War, African Americans were not...

Cold War

Cold War   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
472 words

...popular usage spoke of a ‘Cold War’ (as opposed to an atomic ‘hot war’) between the two sides. The Western allies took steps to defend their position with the formation of the Truman Doctrine ( 1947 ) and the Marshall Plan ( 1947 ) to bolster the economies of Western Europe. In 1949 NATO was formed as a defence against possible attack. The communist bloc countered with the establishment of the Council for Mutual Aid and Assistance ( COMECON , 1949) and the Warsaw Pact (1955). Over the following decades, the Cold War spread to every part of the...

Cold War

Cold War   Reference library

Christopher N. Lanigan

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
241 words

... War . The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to the USA. Britain’s role in the emergence of the Cold War is controversial. One view is that war-ravaged Britain was marginal to the development of frosty American–Soviet relations, and that her encouragement of a permanent US military presence in Europe was largely related to fears of German revival. Cultural differences and the repressive nature of the...

second Cold War

second Cold War   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Cold War the period from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 to the Reykjavik summit in 1986 , during which time President Ronald Reagan increased military spending and actively sought U.S. dominance of the Soviet...

Cold War (1945–1991)

Cold War (1945–1991)   Reference library

David F. Schmitz, Zachary Karabell, William H. Chafe, Jonathan Nashel, and David Milne

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the Cold War . Updated ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. Gardner, Lloyd . Spheres of Influence . Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1993. Hanhimaki, Jussi , and Odd Arne Westad , eds. The Cold War: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Harper, John Lamberton . The Cold War . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. LaFeber, Walter . America, Russia, and the Cold War . 7th ed. New York: McGraw–Hill, 1993. Leffler, Melvyn . For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War . New...

Cold War (1945–91)

Cold War (1945–91)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...the Grand Alliance and brought about the Cold War. [See also Russia, U.S. Military Involvement in, 1917–20 ; Russia, U.S. Military Involvement in, 1921–95. ] John Lewis Gaddis , The United States and the Origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947 , 1972. Daniel Yergin , Shattered Peace: The Origins of the Cold War and the National Security State , 1977. Thomas Paterson , On Every Front: The Making of the Cold War , 1979. Fraser Harbutt , The Iron Curtain: Churchill, American and the Origins of the Cold War , 1986. Michael Hogan , The Marshall Plan ,...

Post–Cold War Era.

Post–Cold War Era.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,379 words

...Cold War Era. The end of the Cold War in the late 1980s and early 1990s, one of the most momentous developments in modern world history, brought a reorientation in a number of areas of American life. The impact was greatest on foreign policy, as the United States sought a new role in international affairs. But the disappearance of a unifying external threat also led to serious disagreements about domestic policy and contributed to a fragmentation in social and cultural life. The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and in the Soviet Union led to the...

Cold War and Africa

Cold War and Africa (1945–1989)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of the Cold War The costs of African conflicts during the Cold War can be estimated in a variety of ways. Loss of lives, including those by war-related famines, is the most obvious. Between 1945 and 1989 , African wars related to the Cold War took the lives of about 5.5 million people, mostly civilians. More difficult to assess are economic, social, and cultural losses due to the overall devastation of the country. Civilian populations, especially farmers and other food producers, were often the primary victims. In many countries Cold War conflicts...

Guerrilla Movements and Armed Struggle in Cold War Mexico

Guerrilla Movements and Armed Struggle in Cold War Mexico   Reference library

Alexander Aviña

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mexican History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,185 words

...19 percent [and] the top 10 percent enjoyed 49 percent of the national income.” 6 Such inequality would only increase in subsequent decades as world war gave way to Cold War. From World War to Cold War Throughout the 1940s, organized labor in Mexico (and much of Latin America) actively confronted such inequality and articulated their demands for independent unions through direct action. Indeed, the Cold War began in Latin America in the late 1940s in response to the “linked and mutually reinforcing … postwar advance of labor, the Left, and democracy.” 7 By...

Cold War

Cold War  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The antagonism between the USA and USSR lasting from the late 1940s until the late 1980s, ‘cold’ because it was waged through diplomatic and ideological means rather than force. Britain was allied to ...
Cold war

Cold war: 1944 - 1990  

Reference type:
Timeline
Current Version:
2012

...in the Cold War Yugoslavia A Dictionary of Contemporary World History 3 1940s 20th century Politics War Europe Wars since 1900 1948 1948 US lawyer Alger Hiss is denounced, controversially, as a Soviet spy Hiss, Alger (1904–1996) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1940s 20th century Politics War Wars since 1900 North America United States 1948 1948 Kim Il Sung becomes prime minister of North Korea on the withdrawal of the Soviet occupying force Kim Il Sung (1912–1994) Who's Who in the Twentieth Century 1 1940s 20th century Politics Communism War Asia East...

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