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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (1862–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
467 words

...Government, Executive Branch: Department of State ; Foreign Relations ; New Deal Era, The ; Progressive Era . Merlo J. Pusey , Charles Evans Hughes , 2 vols., 1951. Betty Glad , Charles Evans Hughes and the Illusions of Innocence , 1966. Robert F. Wesser , Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Reform in New York, 1905–1910 , 1967. David J. Danelski and Joseph S. Tulchin , eds., The Autobiographical Notes of Charles Evans Hughes , 1973. Gary B....

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Reference library

Mari J. Matsuda

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,369 words

..., Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, N.Y., 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Cape Cod, Mass., 27 Aug. 1948 ; interred Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, N.Y.), associate justice, 1910–1916 , chief justice, 1930–1941 . It was said of Charles Evans Hughes that no one ever slapped him on the back and called him Charlie. The stern, hardworking, religious Hughes was known for intelligence and integrity rather than conviviality. Hughes's father, David Charles Hughes, emigrated to the United States from Wales and became a preacher. A Methodist, he converted to the Baptist church to marry...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 April 1862)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
534 words

...turbulent period in the history of the Court and the nation. Samuel Hendel , Charles Evans Hughes and the Supreme Court , 1951. Merlo Pusey , Charles Evans Hughes , 2 vols., 1951. Kermit L....

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (1910–16)   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
586 words

...chief justice Feb. 13, 1930 , by a 52–26 vote; retired July 1, 1941 • Died: Aug. 27, 1948 , Cape Cod, Mass. Charles Evans Hughes served two terms on the Supreme Court, first as an associate justice ( 1910–16 ) and then as the chief justice ( 1930–41 ). He resigned from his first Court term to become the Republican party candidate for President. He lost to his Democratic party opponent, President Woodrow Wilson, by only 23 electoral votes. Hughes served two Republican Presidents, Harding and Coolidge, as secretary of state. In this role, he negotiated...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
318 words

..., Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, New York , 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Osterville, Massachusetts , 27 Aug. 1948 ) US ; Governor of New York 1906–10 , Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was educated at Brown University and Columbia Law School, from which he graduated in 1884 . He served as a legal counsel for New York in investigations of insurance firms and utility industries in the state. In 1906 he was elected Governor of New York and re-elected in 1908 . In this post he established a Public Service...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
357 words

...Hughes, Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, New York , 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Osterville, Massachusetts , 27 Aug. 1948 ) Governor of New York 1906–10 , Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court 1930–41 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was educated at Brown University and Columbia Law School, from which he graduated in 1884 . He served as a legal counsel for New York in investigations of insurance firms and utility industries in the state. In 1906 he was elected Governor of New York and re-elected in 1908 . In this post he established a Public Service...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of a wide range of buildings and settlements , including hill forts , castles , platform houses, monastic granges , deserted villages , gentry houses, farmhouses, and cottages . Other publications include P. Smith , The Houses of the Welsh Countryside ( 1975 ), Stephen Hughes , Copperopolis: Landscapes of the Early Industrial Period in Swansea ( 2005 ), and Richard Suggett , Houses and History in the March of Wales, Radnorshire 1400–1800 ( 2005 ). By a royal warrant of 1992 the Commission was empowered to survey, record, publish, and maintain a...

Ulster, Annals of

Ulster, Annals of   Reference library

Nicholas J. Evans

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...c .740, mainly at Armagh , Derry, and the Midlands of Ireland. Nicholas J. Evans ed. (with ET) S. Mac Airt and G. Mac Niocaill , The Annals of Ulster (to a.d. 1131) , Part I. Text and Translation (1983). ET (with comm., introd., and maps) T. M. Charles-Edwards , The Chronicle of Ireland , 2 vols. (TTH 44, 2006). N. Evans , The Present and the Past in Medieval Irish Chronicles (2010). D. P. McCarthy , The Irish Annals: Their Genesis, Evolution and History (2008). K. M. Hughes , Early Christian Ireland: Introduction to the Sources (1972). Koch , ...

Fairbanks, Charles

Fairbanks, Charles   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
177 words

...exercised no influence in the progressive Roosevelt administration. He later supported William Howard Taft against Roosevelt in the 1912 Presidential election. The Republicans again nominated him for Vice President in 1916 on a ticket headed by Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes...

Dejonge v. Oregon

Dejonge v. Oregon   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
228 words

...party promoted criminal syndicalism. The Oregon Supreme Court held that a person could be convicted under the statute for doing nothing more than participating in a wholly innocent meeting called by the party. In reversing the Oregon court's decision, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes declared, “[P]eaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime” (p. 365). The Oregon criminal syndicalism law had deprived Dejonge of the rights to free speech and peaceable assembly guaranteed by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Michal R....

Norris v. Alabama

Norris v. Alabama   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
237 words

...been systematically excluded from the grand jury that indicted Norris and from the trial jury that convicted him. On appeal from a decision of the Alabama Supreme Court affirming Norris's conviction, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed. Speaking for the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes held that the systematic exclusion of African-Americans from service on the grand and trial juries denied African-American defendants in the state courts the equal protection of law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. Since the defense had adduced convincing evidence...

Brown v. Mississippi

Brown v. Mississippi   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
239 words

...the convictions to the U.S. Supreme Court, which the Court unanimously reversed under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Although reaffirming the fact that the Self-Incrimination Clause of the Fifth Amendment did not apply to the states, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes nevertheless held that a criminal conviction based upon confessions elicited by physical brutality violated the fundamental right to a fair trial mandated by the Due Process Clause. Brown began a line of cases involving the methods by which confessions were elicited...

Dejonge v. Oregon

Dejonge v. Oregon   Reference library

Michal R. Belknap

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
242 words

...party promoted criminal syndicalism. The Oregon Supreme Court held that a person could be convicted under the statute for doing nothing more than participating in a wholly innocent meeting called by the party. In reversing the Oregon court's decision, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes declared, “[P]eaceable assembly for lawful discussion cannot be made a crime” (p. 365). The Oregon criminal syndicalism law had deprived DeJonge of the rights to free speech and peaceable assembly guaranteed by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment . See...

Brown v. Mississippi

Brown v. Mississippi   Reference library

Richard C. Cortner

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
247 words

...to the U.S. Supreme Court, which the Court unanimously reversed under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment . Although reaffirming the fact that the Self‐Incrimination Clause of the Fifth Amendment did not apply to the states, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes nevertheless held that a criminal conviction based upon confessions elicited by physical brutality violated the fundamental right to a fair trial mandated by the Due Process Clause. Brown began a line of cases involving the methods by which confessions were elicited...

Norris v. Alabama

Norris v. Alabama   Reference library

Richard C. Cortner

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
248 words

...been systematically excluded from the grand jury that indicted Norris and from the trial jury that convicted him. On appeal from a decision of the Alabama Supreme Court affirming Norris's conviction, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed. Speaking for the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes held that the systematic exclusion of African‐Americans from service on the grand and trial juries denied African‐American defendants in the state courts the equal protection of law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment. Since the defense had adduced convincing...

Gold Clause Cases

Gold Clause Cases   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
313 words

...5 to 4; Hughes for the Court, McReynolds in dissent in each case. As part of the New Deal program to conserve gold reserves during the economic emergency of the Great Depression, Congress in 1933 abrogated the clauses in private and public contracts stipulating payment in gold. Consequently, such obligations could be paid in devalued currency. In these three cases, bondholders challenged this action as a breach of the obligation of contract and a deprivation of property without due process. Speaking for the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes ...

Gold Clause Cases

Gold Clause Cases   Reference library

James W. Ely

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
317 words

...4; Hughes for the Court, McReynolds in dissent in each case. As part of the New Deal program to conserve gold reserves during the economic emergency of the Great Depression, Congress in 1933 abrogated the clauses in private and public contracts stipulating payment in gold. Consequently, such obligations could be paid in devalued currency. In these three cases, bondholders challenged this action as a breach of the obligation of contract and a deprivation of property without due process. Speaking for the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes ...

Eliot, George

Eliot, George (1819–1880)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
866 words

...in 1836 and Evans returned home to take care of her father. They moved to Coventry, where Evans became acquainted with Charles and Cara Bray . Bray was a wealthy manufacturer and, more important for Evans, a freethinker when it came to religion and politics. It was at Rosehill, the Bray home, that Evans first met Herbert Spencer , Ralph Waldo Emerson , and other intellectuals. During this period she anonymously penned her first literary work, a translation of David Strauss' Life of Jesus ( 1846 ). In 1851 , two years after Evans's father died,...

Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada

Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada   Quick reference

The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law
Length:
276 words

...upheld the denial. Gaines's attorney, Charles H. Houston , then sought from the U.S. Supreme Court a writ of mandamus to compel Gaines's admission to the all-white law school, and the Supreme Court granted certiorari. Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes , for the majority, ordered Gaines admitted to the all-white facility, dismissing the state's offer to pay Gaines's tuition to an out-of-state law school as inadequate to the requirements of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Nor was Hughes persuaded that Missouri's stated intention to...

Missouri Ex Rel. Gaines v. Canada

Missouri Ex Rel. Gaines v. Canada   Reference library

Augustus M. Burns

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
283 words

... upheld the denial. Gaines's attorney, Charles H. Houston , then sought from the U.S. Supreme Court a writ of mandamus to compel Gaines's admission to the all‐white law school, and the Supreme Court granted certiorari . Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes , for the majority, ordered Gaines admitted to the all‐white facility, dismissing the state's offer to pay Gaines's tuition to an out of state law school as inadequate to the requirements of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment . Nor was Hughes persuaded that Missouri's stated...

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