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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

The League of Nations

The League of Nations (1919–46)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...all formal association with it throughout the 1920s, even, for example, when promulgating the Dawes Plan of 1924 , the effort to compose Europe's reparations–war debt tangle. Yet, in this endeavor, the League undoubtedly facilitated Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes 's labors. Then, too, Hughes staunchly (if ineffectively) advocated American membership in the World Court. The United States further underscored its ambivalence in the salutary achievement of the Washington Naval Conference of 1921–22 as well as in the innocuous Kellogg‐Briand Pact of...

Britain

Britain   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
55,708 words
Illustration(s):
11

...Andres S . “ The King and His Cult: The Axe-Hammer from Sutton Hoo and Its Implications for the Concept of Sacral Leadership in Early Medieval Europe. ” Antiquity 80 (2006): 880–893. Evans, Stephen . The Heroic Poetry of Dark-Age Britain: An Introduction to Its Dating, Composition, and Use as a Historical Source . Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1997. Evans, Stephen . Lords of Battle: Image and Reality of the Comitatus in Dark-Age Britain . Woodbridge, U.K.: Boydell, 1997. Fraser, James E . The Battle of Dunnichen, 685 . Stroud, U.K.: Tempus,...

Warren G. Harding

Warren G. Harding  

(1865–1923)US Republican statesman, 29th President of the USA (1921–23). He died suddenly in office, before the worst revelations of his administration's incompetence and corruption had been made.
William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft  

(1857–1930)US Republican statesman and twenty-seventh president of the USA (1909–13).The son of judge and former cabinet minister Alphonso Taft (1810–91), William Taft studied at the universities of ...
Roosevelt, Theodore

Roosevelt, Theodore   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...Moose, party but came in second to Woodrow Wilson . From 1912 on, he wrote voluminously, explored Brazil, and advocated military preparedness as World War I loomed, criticizing pacifists and advocating universal conscription. He supported Charles Evans Hughes for president in 1916 because he though Hughes would better prepare the nation for the inevitability of war. He eventually supported the League of Nations , although he continued to believe that U.S. military leadership was essential to world peace. Roosevelt was, at forty-two, the youngest...

Economics of International Communication

Economics of International Communication   Reference library

Stefan H. Fritsch

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
9,932 words

...happened almost simultaneously, others clearly developed on the basis of previous technologies. They all had particular development histories and were introduced in specific historical and economic situations ( Noble 1977 ; Aitken 1985 ; Wasserman 1985 ; Douglas 1987 ; Hughes 1989 ; Saxby 1990 ). However, they all share some basic characteristics, which came to define ICTs and the broader structures of contemporary international communications. First, they all share the character of large technological networks. Information and communication networks...

Foreign Policy Analysis: Origins (1954–93) and Contestations

Foreign Policy Analysis: Origins (1954–93) and Contestations   Reference library

Valerie M. Hudson

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
14,943 words
Illustration(s):
1

...( 1969 ) , Hellman ( 1969 ) , Chittick ( 1970 ) , Ogata ( 1977 ) , Hughes ( 1978 ) , and Korany ( 1986 ) , among others. In the late 1980s, a new wave of thinking began to explore the limits of state autonomy in relation to other societal groups in the course of policy-making. The work of Putnam ( 1988 ) on the “two-level game” of foreign and domestic policy was paradigmatic for establishing the major questions of this research subfield. Other excellent work includes Evans et al. ( 1985 ) , Hagan ( 1987 ) , Levy ( 1988 ) , Lamborn and Mumme (...

International Organization and Ending Conflicts

International Organization and Ending Conflicts   Reference library

Alistair D. Edgar

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
12,675 words

...and related bodies such as the Peacebuilding Commission. International Crisis Group. At www.crisisgroup.org , accessed June 11, 2009. Widely recognized advocacy and analysis organization headed by Gareth Evans. Website includes link to Responsibility to Protect (R2P) official UN, ICISS, and government documents, publications, and speeches by Evans and ICG staff discussing the UN, R2P doctrine, and humanitarian intervention. United States Institute of Peace, Jeannette Rankin Library. At www.usip.org/library , accessed June 12, 2009. Provides free access to...

USA

USA   Reference library

David M. Kennedy, D'Ann Campbell, Richard Jensen, Richard Chapman, D'Ann Campbell, Richard Jensen, I. C. B. Dear, Shelby Stanton, David M. Kennedy, Jeffrey J. Safford, and Clayton R. Koppes

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
22,261 words
Illustration(s):
8

...urban voters, the president received 53.4% of the popular vote and 432 electoral votes. His victory over the Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey ( 1902–71 ) was the narrowest of his four presidential contests and the closest election since Woodrow Wilson edged out Charles Evans Hughes in 1916 . With the election over and the war moving towards a climax, New Dealers expected Roosevelt to lead a revival of reform. Those expectations were doomed to disappointment. The elections of 1944 had strengthened Democratic control of Congress but had not...

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