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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States   Reference library

Jeffrey D. Hockett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes said that the law failed to provide adequate guidance concerning what matters the codes would cover. As a result, the NIRA unconstitutionally delegated legislative power to the executive branch. Hughes further argued that the poultry code violated the commerce clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8). According to past cases, Congress could regulate intrastate activity only if the activity had a “direct” impact on interstate commerce. The Schechters’ local commercial activity, Hughes noted, was clearly...

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish   Reference library

Melvin I. Urofsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...argued before the Supreme Court in December 1936 . Parrish's attorneys asked the Court to overrule precedents, such as Adkins v. Children's Hospital ( 1923 ), that had held minimum-wage laws unconstitutional. In his opinion for the five-justice majority, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes dismissed the notion of freedom of contract, holding that under their constitutional police powers, states had the authority to regulate wages and hours in the public interest. Despite a spirited dissent by Justice George Sutherland on behalf of the conservative justices,...

Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson

Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson (1861–1939)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
2,602 words

...civic form would remain an important part of his career. Seligman began his graduate studies in political economy and law when he enrolled in Columbia's newly created School of Political Science and its law school, where he met Charles Evans Hughes , the future governor of New York and U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Seligman and Hughes remained close friends throughout their lives, even when they publicly disagreed about the constitutionality of a federal income tax. In 1884 , Seligman received both an M.A. and a law degree from Columbia, and in the following...

National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.

National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp.   Reference library

Melvyn Dubofsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Wagner Act's application to enterprises engaged in interstate commerce. In the cases that involved firms engaged in manufacturing and that were combined under the rubric National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) v. Jones & Laughlin , Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes delivered the majority opinion in a 5-to-4 ruling: Hughes found that the enterprises manufactured products that entered the stream of interstate commerce and hence fell within the power of the federal government to regulate. He also declared that the rules and procedures followed by the NLRB were...

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