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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Brandeis, Louis

Brandeis, Louis   Reference library

William M. Wiecek

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
487 words

...confirmed and served for twenty-three years. He advocated judicial self-restraint in cases involving state economic regulation, urging deference to legislative policy judgments. Usually in dissent during the chief justiceships of William Howard Taft ( 1921 – 1930 ) and Charles Evans Hughes ( 1930 – 1941 ), he repeated his Brandeis-brief technique, amassing facts and statistics to demonstrate that the legislative judgment was reasonable. Believing that the diversity-of-citizenship jurisdiction of the federal courts permitted large corporations to evade state...

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States   Reference library

Jeffrey D. Hockett

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
325 words

...the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes said that the law failed to provide adequate guidance concerning what matters the codes would cover. As a result, the NIRA unconstitutionally delegated legislative power to the executive branch. Hughes further argued that the poultry code violated the commerce clause of the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8). According to past cases, Congress could only regulate intrastate activity having a “direct” impact on interstate commerce. The Schechters’ local commercial ac-tivity, Hughes noted, was clearly...

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish

West Coast Hotel v. Parrish   Reference library

Melvin I. Urofsky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
333 words

...The case was argued before the Supreme Court in December 1936 . Parrish ’s attorneys asked the Court to overrule precedents, such as Adkins v. Children’s Hospital ( 1923 ), that had held minimum-wage laws unconstitutional. In his 5-to-4 majority opinion, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes dismissed the notion of freedom of contract, holding that under their constitutional police powers, states had the authority to regulate wages and hours in the public interest. Despite a spirited dissent by Justice George Sutherland on behalf of the conservative...

Harding, Warren G.

Harding, Warren G.   Reference library

Phillip Payne

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
699 words

...and celebrity endorsements to win a convincing landslide victory that ushered in a decade of Republican rule and limited government. In the campaign, Harding had also promised to bring the “best minds” into his administration. He appointed notable leaders such as Charles Evans Hughes (State), Herbert Hoover (Commerce), and Andrew W. Mellon (Treasury). He appointed William Howard Taft as chief justice of the Supreme Court. However, other appointments went to political cronies whose actions resulted in scandal. His successes include signing...

Substantive Process

Substantive Process  

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

...between public enterprises and private business and labor had become blurred in an administrative state and conceding that the legislatures had far greater ability to find and weigh facts than did the courts, Progressives on the Supreme Court, including Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes and Justices Owen J. Roberts , Harlan Fiske Stone, and Benjamin N. Cardozo , began to lead the Court away from the freedom of contract version of substantive due process. In Nebbia v. New York ( 1934 ), the Court, speaking through Roberts , found that a New York statute...

Roosevelt, Theodore

Roosevelt, Theodore   Reference library

Lewis L. Gould

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
1,201 words

...Party did not prosper and Roosevelt returned to his Republican roots soon after World War I broke out in 1914 . Unhappy with Wilson ’s neutrality, he urged the country to prepare for war and, if necessary, intervene on the side of the Allies . Roosevelt lost to Charles Evans Hughes in the race for the 1916 Republican nomination. Once the United States entered the war in April 1917 , Roosevelt sought to raise a volunteer division to fight in France . Wilson and the army refused. Theodore Roosevelt was the likely candidate for the...

Federal Government, Judicial Branch

Federal Government, Judicial Branch   Reference library

Aharon Zorea

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
3,047 words

...economic growth of the 1920 s, but the political antagonism found greater force during the 1930 s when the Court overturned several New Deal measures. President Roosevelt faced Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes and a majority of associates who had been appointed by his Republican predecessors, Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge , and Herbert Hoover . The Hughes court struck two New Deal cornerstones (the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the National Industrial Recovery Act) and ruled against numerous labor issues. After his successful 1936 election, ...

Due Process

Due Process   Reference library

Steve Sheppard, Thomas O. Sargentich, and Peter Charles Hoffer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
5,507 words

...between public enterprises and private business and labor had become blurred in an administrative state and conceding that the legislatures had far greater ability to find and weigh facts than did the courts, Progressives on the Supreme Court, including Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes and Justices Owen J. Roberts , Harlan Fiske Stone, and Benjamin N. Cardozo , began to lead the Court away from the freedom of contract version of substantive due process. In Nebbia v. New York ( 1934 ), the Court, speaking through Roberts , found that a New York ...

Property Rights

Property Rights   Reference library

James W. Ely Jr.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
7,680 words

...At issue in Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell ( 1934 ) was a Minnesota act imposing a limited moratorium on the foreclosure of mortgages. By a 5-to-4 margin the Supreme Court held that the moratorium did not violate the contracts clause. Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes ruled that contracts were subject to the reasonable exercise of the state police power, which encompassed the authority to give temporary relief for extraordinary economic distress. In Nebbia v. New York ( 1934 ), the justices by a 5-to-4 vote sustained a milk control...

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