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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Reference library

Mari J. Matsuda

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,369 words

..., Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, N.Y., 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Cape Cod, Mass., 27 Aug. 1948 ; interred Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, N.Y.), associate justice, 1910–1916 , chief justice, 1930–1941 . It was said of Charles Evans Hughes that no one ever slapped him on the back and called him Charlie. The stern, hardworking, religious Hughes was known for intelligence and integrity rather than conviviality. Hughes's father, David Charles Hughes, emigrated to the United States from Wales and became a preacher. A Methodist, he converted to the Baptist church to marry...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 April 1862)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Law

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Law
Length:
534 words

...turbulent period in the history of the Court and the nation. Samuel Hendel , Charles Evans Hughes and the Supreme Court , 1951. Merlo Pusey , Charles Evans Hughes , 2 vols., 1951. Kermit L....

Charles Evans Hughes

Charles Evans Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948)US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was ...
Brandeis, Louis

Brandeis, Louis   Reference library

William M. Wiecek

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
487 words

...confirmed and served for twenty-three years. He advocated judicial self-restraint in cases involving state economic regulation, urging deference to legislative policy judgments. Usually in dissent during the chief justiceships of William Howard Taft ( 1921 – 1930 ) and Charles Evans Hughes ( 1930 – 1941 ), he repeated his Brandeis-brief technique, amassing facts and statistics to demonstrate that the legislative judgment was reasonable. Believing that the diversity-of-citizenship jurisdiction of the federal courts permitted large corporations to evade state...

Classical Legal Theory

Classical Legal Theory   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
4,646 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Court led by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes seemed tolerant of these measures, sustaining a state mortgage moratorium in Home Building and Loan Assn. v. Blaisdell , 290 U.S. 398 ( 1934 ), and state price controls in Nebbia v. New York , 291 U.S. 502 ( 1934 ). But with the erratic Justice Owen Roberts unpredictably swinging around to support the cohesive conservative bloc (Justices George Sutherland, Willis Van Devanter, James McReynolds, and Pierce Butler), and with the occasional strategic adhesion of Chief Justice Hughes, the Court in 1935 ...

Federalism

Federalism   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
6,466 words

...of four justices—later known as the Four Horsemen—strongly favored economic due process. But Hoover’s futile efforts to address the Great Depression cost him support around the country and in the Senate. Even his nomination of the eminent Charles Evans Hughes as chief justice met resistance in the Senate because of Hughes’s supposed support for economic due process and a narrow commerce power. As economic and social problems worsened, the public outcry for more creative legislative solutions intensified and carried Democrats into the White House and control...

Criminal Law

Criminal Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
26,592 words
Illustration(s):
5

...America. Davis, David Brion . “ The Movement to Abolish Capital Punishment in America, 1787–1861. ” American Historical Review 63 (1957): 23–46. An older but still useful history of opposition to the death penalty in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century America. Dayton, Cornelia Hughes . Women before the Bar: Gender, Law, and Society in Connecticut, 1639–1789 . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995. Argues that seventeenth-century Puritans treated women with greater respect and offered more avenues for female participation in the legal process...

Women

Women   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
29,097 words
Illustration(s):
7

...tutelage by the grant of ius liberorum , the “right of children” (Buckland, pp. 165–167; Gardner, Women in Roman Law , pp. 14–22; Gardner, Roman Citizen , pp. 89–100; Evans Grubbs , pp. 23–46). Tutelage of women persisted until at latest 410 c.e. ( Codex Theodosianus 8.17.3), when the ius liberorum was abolished, but may have already lapsed by the end of the third century (Evans Grubbs, pp. 43–46). However, literary, legal, and epigraphic evidence indicates that for women in the classical period it was little more than a formality, and for many...

Gold Clause Cases

Gold Clause Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1935), common collective name for three companion cases of the New Deal era: Norman v. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co., 294 U.S. 240; Nortz v. United States, 294 U.S. 317; and Perry v. United States, ...
Footnote Four

Footnote Four  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(of United States v. Carolene Products Co.), 304 U.S. 144 (1938), Carolene Products case argued 6 April 1938, decided 25 April 1938; Stone for himself, Hughes, Brandeis, and Roberts, Cardozo ...
Frank, Leo, Case Of

Frank, Leo, Case Of  

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Subject:
Law
The Leo Frank case, known formally as Frank v. Mangum (1915), concerned the heinous murder of a thirteen-year-old girl, the conviction of a man based on circumstantial evidence, and a ...
Architecture of the Supreme Court Building

Architecture of the Supreme Court Building  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Chief Justice William Howard Taft liked to think of the Constitution as the “Ark of the Covenant,” and the judiciary as a priestly class guarding its sacred principles. When Taft ...
John Johnston Parker

John Johnston Parker  

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Subject:
Law
(b. Monroe, N.C., 20 Nov. 1885; d. Washington, D.C., 17 Mar. 1958), federal appellate judge and unconfirmed nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court. After practicing law for several years in ...
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell

Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
290 U.S. 398 (1934), argued 8 and 9 Nov. 1933, decided 8 June 1934 by vote of 5 to 4; Hughes for the Court, Sutherland, Butler, McReynolds, and Van Devanter in dissent. The Court's decision in Home ...
Stromberg v. California

Stromberg v. California  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 283 U.S. 359 (1931)• Vote: 7–2• For the Court: Hughes• Dissenting: Butler and McReynolds• 283 U.S. 359 (1931)• Vote: 7–2• For the Court: Hughes• Dissenting: Butler and McReynolds[...]
Brown v. Mississippi

Brown v. Mississippi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
297 U.S. 278 (1936), argued 10 Jan. 1936, decided 17 Feb. 1936 by vote of 9 to o; Hughes for the Court. In Brown v. Mississippi, the Supreme Court reversed the convictions of three African-American ...
Dejonge v. Oregon

Dejonge v. Oregon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
299 U.S. 353 (1937), argued 9 Dec. 1936, decided 4 Jan. 1937 by vote of 8 to 0; Hughes for the Court, Stone not participating. The Court overturned the conviction of Dirk DeJonge, who had been ...
Norris v. Alabama

Norris v. Alabama  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
294 U.S. 587 (1935), argued 15 and 18 Feb. 1935, decided 1 Apr. 1935 by vote of 8 to 0; Hughes for the Court, McReynolds not participating. This was the second decision of the Supreme Court in the ...
Resignation and Retirement

Resignation and Retirement  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Tenure during good behavior provides a crucial guarantee of judicial independence in the American constitutional system. It also assures the justices discretion in making decisions about whether to ...
Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan

Panama Refining Co. v. Ryan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
293 U.S. 388 (1935), argued 10–11 Dec. 1934, decided 7 Jan. 1935 by vote of 8 to 1; Hughes for the Court, Cardozo in dissent. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, oil prices collapsed because of ...

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