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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
357 words

...Hughes, Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, New York , 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Osterville, Massachusetts , 27 Aug. 1948 ) Governor of New York 1906–10 , Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court 1930–41 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was educated at Brown University and Columbia Law School, from which he graduated in 1884 . He served as a legal counsel for New York in investigations of insurance firms and utility industries in the state. In 1906 he was elected Governor of New York and re-elected in 1908 . In this post he established a Public Service...

Coolidge, John Calvin

Coolidge, John Calvin (4 July 1872)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
961 words

...a Republican landslide and Coolidge went to Washington, DC, as Vice-President. He did not shine in the office. Though sitting in on Cabinet meetings, he contributed little. He was overshadowed by Cabinet members who were either extremely able (such as Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes ) or extremely corrupt (such as Interior Secretary Albert Fall ). However, on 2 August 1923 President Harding died. Coolidge was on holiday at his family home in Vermont and in the early hours of the morning of 3 August was sworn in as President by his father, a notary...

Washington Naval Conference

Washington Naval Conference   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,105 words

...naval arrangements combined with American concerns over renewal of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance by the summer of 1921 , leading to a call by the U.S. secretary of state Charles Evans Hughes for a conference in Washington, D.C., beginning on 11 November 1921 . Britain, Japan, France, and Italy subsequently attended. The second day of the conference, 12 November , proved memorable. Hughes shocked his peers by outlining a U.S. proposal for an immediate, decadelong moratorium on the number of capital ships. After many negotiations, the five nations agreed on a...

Wilson, Thomas Woodrow

Wilson, Thomas Woodrow (28 Dec. 1856)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,325 words

...parts of the country, which were owned by their member banks and linked by a Federal Reserve Board. In 1916 he was nominated for a second term and won re-election with a clear but not overwhelming majority over his Republic opponent, Charles Evans Hughes . (Wilson amassed 9.1 million votes to 8.5 million for Hughes.) Though he had maintained American neutrality in the opening years of World War I, a fact used in his re-election campaign (‘he kept us out of the war’), the resumption by Germany in 1917 of unrestricted submarine warfare led Wilson to sever...

British Literature

British Literature   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,690 words
Illustration(s):
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...of the Victorian period remains Charles Dickens , many of whose stories were first published in magazines that were extremely popular. His works centers on the lives of Londoners, the plight of the poor, and the class differences in Victorian society. Dickens modeled some of his most famous characters on real people, with his power to exaggerate their traits occasionally making them comical but powerfully memorable. Among the Victorian period's other popular writers were George Eliot (pseudonym of Mary Ann, or Marian, Evans), William Makepeace Thackeray , ...

American Colonial Empire

American Colonial Empire   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,093 words

...Woodrow Wilson and his successors recognized that the United States had neither the ability nor the right to assert control over the vast neighboring republic. A modus vivendi with Mexico prefigured the Good Neighbor Policy begun under Herbert Hoover and Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes in the late 1920s, and brought to fruition by Franklin Roosevelt and Cordell Hull, wherein the United States renounced its claim to a hemispheric right of intervention and in principle (if not in practice) recognized the territorial integrity of other American nations. In...

National Labor Party, Australia

National Labor Party, Australia  

A short‐lived political party formed on 14 November 1916 after the expulsion of Hughes and his supporters from the Australian Labor Party over their support for conscription in World War I. It merged ...
Stanley Melbourne Bruce

Stanley Melbourne Bruce  

(1883–1967)was prime minister of Australia 1923–29, high commissioner in London 1933–45, company director, and man of imperial affairs. A product of mercantile Melbourne, he assimilated so ...
John Christian Watson

John Christian Watson  

(b. 9 Apr. 1867, d. 18 Nov. 1941).Prime Minister of Australia 1904 Born in Valparaiso (Chile), he arrived in Sydney in 1886, became active in the Trades and Labour Council (TLC) from 1890, becoming a ...
Labor Party

Labor Party  

(Australia) The oldest surviving political party in Australia. Founded in the 1880s and 1890s, the title of the Labor groups varied from state to state until 1918, when all adopted the name ...

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