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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (1862–1948)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
467 words

...Government, Executive Branch: Department of State ; Foreign Relations ; New Deal Era, The ; Progressive Era . Merlo J. Pusey , Charles Evans Hughes , 2 vols., 1951. Betty Glad , Charles Evans Hughes and the Illusions of Innocence , 1966. Robert F. Wesser , Charles Evans Hughes: Politics and Reform in New York, 1905–1910 , 1967. David J. Danelski and Joseph S. Tulchin , eds., The Autobiographical Notes of Charles Evans Hughes , 1973. Gary B....

Hughes, Charles Evans

Hughes, Charles Evans (11 Apr. 1862)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
357 words

...Hughes, Charles Evans (b. Glen Falls, New York , 11 Apr. 1862 ; d. Osterville, Massachusetts , 27 Aug. 1948 ) Governor of New York 1906–10 , Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court 1930–41 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was educated at Brown University and Columbia Law School, from which he graduated in 1884 . He served as a legal counsel for New York in investigations of insurance firms and utility industries in the state. In 1906 he was elected Governor of New York and re-elected in 1908 . In this post he established a Public Service...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of a wide range of buildings and settlements , including hill forts , castles , platform houses, monastic granges , deserted villages , gentry houses, farmhouses, and cottages . Other publications include P. Smith , The Houses of the Welsh Countryside ( 1975 ), Stephen Hughes , Copperopolis: Landscapes of the Early Industrial Period in Swansea ( 2005 ), and Richard Suggett , Houses and History in the March of Wales, Radnorshire 1400–1800 ( 2005 ). By a royal warrant of 1992 the Commission was empowered to survey, record, publish, and maintain a...

Calvin Coolidge

Calvin Coolidge  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1872–1933)US Republican statesman, 30th President of the USA (1923–29). Highly popular personally, he was seen as an embodiment of thrift, caution, and honesty in a decade when corruption in public ...
Washington Conference

Washington Conference  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The conference held in the USA between November 1921 and February 1922 to discuss political stability in the Far East and naval disarmament. Summoned on US initiative, the conference was attended by ...
Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1856–1924)US Democratic statesman, 28th President of the USA (1913–21). He was a prominent academic in the field of law and political economy prior to his election victory. As President he carried ...
Australia

Australia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchyAustralia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest island—is dominated by a ...
National Labor Party, Australia

National Labor Party, Australia  

A short‐lived political party formed on 14 November 1916 after the expulsion of Hughes and his supporters from the Australian Labor Party over their support for conscription in World War I. It merged ...
Nationalist Party

Nationalist Party  

With the official title of Australian National Federation, it was a conservative party formed in February 1917 by a merger between the National Labor Party and the Liberal Party. Emphasizing its ...
Stanley Melbourne Bruce

Stanley Melbourne Bruce  

(1883–1967)was prime minister of Australia 1923–29, high commissioner in London 1933–45, company director, and man of imperial affairs. A product of mercantile Melbourne, he assimilated so ...
United Australia Party

United Australia Party  

Australia's largest conservative party, it was founded in 1931 when some members of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) left out of opposition to the Scullin government, and joined the Nationalist Party ...
Earle Page

Earle Page  

(b. 8 Aug. 1880, d. 20 Dec. 1961).Australian politician Born at Grafton (New South Wales), he graduated from the University of Sydney and became a successful surgeon. After service in World War I, ...
John Christian Watson

John Christian Watson  

(b. 9 Apr. 1867, d. 18 Nov. 1941).Prime Minister of Australia 1904 Born in Valparaiso (Chile), he arrived in Sydney in 1886, became active in the Trades and Labour Council (TLC) from 1890, becoming a ...
Daniel Mannix

Daniel Mannix  

(1864–1963),Catholic ecclesiastic. Born in Co. Cork, he taught at Maynooth and became president there in 1903, before being appointed coadjutor archbishop of Melbourne in 1912 and archbishop in 1917. ...
Labor Party

Labor Party  

(Australia) The oldest surviving political party in Australia. Founded in the 1880s and 1890s, the title of the Labor groups varied from state to state until 1918, when all adopted the name ...
Louis D. Brandeis

Louis D. Brandeis  

(1856–1941),became known as the “people's attorney” when, early in his career, without pay he defended Boston citizens against local public utilities. His book Other People's Money (1914) greatly ...
Eliot, George

Eliot, George (1819–1880)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
866 words

...in 1836 and Evans returned home to take care of her father. They moved to Coventry, where Evans became acquainted with Charles and Cara Bray . Bray was a wealthy manufacturer and, more important for Evans, a freethinker when it came to religion and politics. It was at Rosehill, the Bray home, that Evans first met Herbert Spencer , Ralph Waldo Emerson , and other intellectuals. During this period she anonymously penned her first literary work, a translation of David Strauss' Life of Jesus ( 1846 ). In 1851 , two years after Evans's father died,...

Pan American Conference of Women of 1922

Pan American Conference of Women of 1922   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
701 words

... Bertha Lutz of Brazil, Sara Casal de Quirós of Costa Rica, Ester Niero de Calvo of Panama, (Mademoiselle) Charles Dubé of Haiti, and Emma López Sena de Garrido of Cuba. Invitations to the Latin American delegates were issued through the U.S. Department of State, establishing a precedent for the official appointment of women by their respective governments to an inter‐American meeting. Both U.S. Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes and Leo S. Rowe , director of the Pan American Union, addressed the conference; their presence had little to do...

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States

Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
312 words

...for the Court, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes said that the law failed to provide adequate guidance concerning what matters the codes would cover. As a result, the NIRA unconstitutionally delegated legislative power to the executive branch. Hughes further argued that the poultry code violated the commerce clause of the Constitution (art. I, sec. 8). According to past cases, Congress could only regulate intrastate activity having a “direct” impact on interstate commerce. The Schechters' local commercial activity, Hughes noted, was clearly “indirect.”...

West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish

West Coast Hotel Company v. Parrish (1937)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
313 words

...The case was argued before the Supreme Court in December 1936 . Parrish's attorneys asked the Court to overrule precedents, such as Adkins v. Children's Hospital ( 1923 ), that had held minimum-wage laws unconstitutional. In his 5–4 majority opinion, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes dismissed the notion of freedom of contract, holding that under their constitutional police powers, states had the authority to regulate wages and hours in the public interest. Despite a spirited dissent by Justice George Sutherland on behalf of the conservative...

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