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Catherine Bernard

(1663–1712?), French novelist, playwright, and poet. Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four ...

Bernard, Catherine

Bernard, Catherine (c. 1662–1712)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
66 words

..., Catherine ( c. 1662–1712 ). A relative of the Corneille brothers and a convert to Catholicism ( 1685 ), she published tragedies, notably Brutus ( 1691 ), and historical fiction ( Le Comte d'Amboise , 1689 ; Inès de Cordoue , 1696 ). Her psychological novel Les Malheurs de l'amour ( 1687 ) was highly praised by Fontenelle . The Académie Française awarded her poetry numerous prizes; the Ricovrati Academy of Padua elected her a member. [ Joan Dejean...

Bernard, Catherine

Bernard, Catherine (1663–1712?)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
254 words

..., Catherine ( 1663–1712? ), French novelist , playwright , and poet . Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four historical novels, a short story, and two plays, all of which were well received in her time and continue to be appreciated for their stylistic and psychological depth. Her novel Inès de Cardoue ( 1696 ) not only features two fairy tales, but also formulates what is considered to be the fundamental aesthetic principle for the 17th- and 18th-century French ...

Bernard, Catherine

Bernard, Catherine (1663–1712?)   Reference library

Lewis C. Seifert

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
260 words

..., Catherine ( 1663–1712? ) French novelist , playwright , and poet . Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four historical novels, a short story, and two plays, all of which were well received in her time and continue to be appreciated for their stylistic and psychological depth. Her novel Inès de Cardoue ( 1696 ) not only features two fairy tales, but also formulates what is considered to be the fundamental aesthetic principle for the 17th- and 18th-century French conte...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... (ed.), Women in English Society, 1500–1800 ( 1985 ), Leonore Davidoff and Catherine Hall , Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class, 1780–1850 ( 1987 ), Anne Laurence , Women in England, 1500–1760: A Social History ( 1996 ), Sara Heller Mendelson and Patricia Crawford , Women in Early Modern England, 1550–1720 ( 1998 ), Barbara J. Harris , English Aristocratic Women, 1450–1550: Marriage and Family, Property and Careers ( 2002 ), Bernard Capp, When Gossips Meet: Women, Family and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England (...

Design

Design   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,178 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...inspect a changing display of dinner services laid out on tables and vases set against the walls. The urbane presence of his partner Bentley undoubtedly contributed to its success. In 1774 visitors flocked to see the 952-piece dinner and dessert service ordered by the Empress Catherine of Russia and decorated with hand-painted views of English architectural landmarks and beauty spots. In 1790 they came to marvel at the copy made in Jasper after the Roman cut-glass Barberini or Portland Vase. The original had been acquired by Sir William Hamilton , who sold...

5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,862 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...was famous across Europe. In the northern Netherlands, there was almost no book illumination before 1400 . Utrecht, like Bruges, became important from about the 1430s , with painters such as the Masters of Zweder van Culemborg and the supreme, but not prolific, Master of Catherine of Cleves, illuminator of the eponymous book of hours (New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M. 917 and M. 945). Later in the century, distinctive styles of Dutch illumination and coloured penwork point to notable production in Delft, Haarlem, and almost certainly Zwolle, in the...

Riquet with the Tuft

Riquet with the Tuft   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
131 words

...a beautiful but witless woman in exchange for her hand in marriage. Versions of this story appear in Charles Perrault 's Histoires ou contes du temps passé (Stories or Tales of Past Times, 1697 ) and Catherine Bernard 's Inès de Cordoue ( 1697 ). In contrast to Perrault's optimistic rendering, which hints at the transformative power of love, Bernard's treatment of the theme reads as biting criticism of the folly of contractual marriages. No one has yet definitively proved which writer originated the tale, but both probably drew on motifs from beast...

Durand, Catherine

Durand, Catherine (c.1650–1712/15)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
124 words

...Catherine , née Bédacier , ( c. 1650–1712/15 ), French writer . The author of several novels and the creator of the dramatic proverb genre, she wrote three fairy tales: ‘Histoire de la fée Lubantine’ (‘Story of the Fairy Lubantine’), which appeared in her novel La Comtesse de Mortane ( The Countess of Mortane ), as well as ‘Le Prodige d'amour’ (‘The Miracle of Love’) and ‘L'Origine des fées’ (‘The Origin of Fairies’), both of which appeared in Les Petits Soupers de l'année 1699 ( The Little Suppers of 1699 ). In ‘Le Prodige d'amour’, Durand...

Durand, Catherine

Durand, Catherine (1650–1712/15)   Reference library

Lewis C. Seifert

The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature
Length:
133 words

...Catherine ( née Bédacier , c. 1650–1712/15 ) French writer . The author of several novels and the creator of the dramatic proverb genre, she wrote three fairy tales: ‘Histoire de la fée Lubantine’ (‘Story of the Fairy Lubantine’), which appeared in her novel La Comtesse de Mortane ( The Countess of Mortane ), as well as ‘Le Prodige d’amour’ (‘The Miracle of Love’) and ‘L’Origine des fées’ (‘The Origin of Fairies’), both of which appeared in Les Petits Soupers de l’année 1699 ( The Little Suppers of 1699 ). In ‘Le Prodige d’amour’, Durand...

Catherine II

Catherine II (1729–1796)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,586 words

...it the finest monument to the age. He continued to laud Catherine's generosity, culture, and intelligence for the rest of his life. His influence on Catherine was profound—she called herself his écolière —and even more extraordinary was his influence on the educated Russians around her. By then, Moscow and St. Petersburg had more than a handful of secular poets, writers, and scientists who had read Voltaire, Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle , or Pierre Bayle in the original, but Catherine's approval of the sage of Ferney and the generous subsidies she...

Bartolomeo, Fra

Bartolomeo, Fra   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
234 words

...by facial expressions of rapt devotion, deeply folded drapery, and an air of gravity and decorum. Fra Bartolomeo's surviving paintings include a Vision of St Bernard ( 1504–7 , Uffizi), God the Father with Mary Magdalene and Catherine of Siena ( 1507 , Villa Guinigi, Lucca), The Madonna in Glory with Saints ( 1512 , Besançon Cathedral), at least two versions of The Mystic Marriage of St Catherine (Louvre, 1511 , and Accademia, Florence, 1512 ), and many Madonnas, often pictured (like those of Raphael ) together with the infant Jesus and his cousin...

Catherine of Siena

Catherine of Siena   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
926 words

...with its excessive French influence in the Curia. In 1376 , on the same day that Gregory left Avignon by water for Rome, Catherine and her followers began the same journey by road. The two parties met in Genoa, but Catherine then went to Florence, still rent by factions and violence. In 1378 , after the death of Gregory XI, occurred the Great Schism, when Urban VI was elected pope in Rome and a rival set up in Avignon. Catherine wrote frequent letters both to Urban to moderate his harshness and to various European rulers and cardinals urging them to...

Palissy, Bernard

Palissy, Bernard   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
356 words

...for heresy in 1585 and died as a prisoner in the Bastille du Bucy. Little of his pottery has survived intact, but some 5,000 fragments have been excavated from the Tuileries and in land close to the Louvre. MDA ; Marguerite Boudon-Duaner, Bernard Palissy: Le Potier du Roi ( 1989 ); Leonard Amico , Bernard Palissy: In Pursuit of Earthly Paradise ( 1996...

Shaw, George Bernard

Shaw, George Bernard (1856–1950)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...) Non-Fiction Heartbreak House, Great Catherine, and Playlets of the War ( 1919 ) Drama Peace Conference Hints ( 1919 ) Non-Fiction Back to Methuselah ( 1920 ) Drama Saint Joan ( 1923 ) Drama Table-Talk of G.B.S. ( 1925 ) Non-Fiction Translations and Tomfooleries ( 1926 ) Non-Fiction Do We Agree? ( 1928 ) Non-Fiction The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Socialism and Capitalism ( 1928 ) Non-Fiction The Apple Cart ( 1929 ) Drama Immaturity ( 1930 ) Fiction Ellen Terry and Bernard Shaw ( 1931 ) Non-Fiction The Adventures...

Dickens, Catherine Hogarth

Dickens, Catherine Hogarth (1816–79)   Reference library

Michael Slater

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,085 words

... Katey who informed Catherine of Dickens 's death. Catherine was not invited to the small family funeral, but she did receive a telegram of condolence from the Queen. After Dickens's death she was able to visit Gad's Hill and spent several Christmases there with Charley and his family enjoying her grandchildren. She was also visited by her sister Georgina . She died of cancer at her home on 21 November 1879 . During the final stages of her long and painful illness she was nursed by her daughter Katey, who later told George Bernard Shaw : ‘During every...

Lacey, Catherine

Lacey, Catherine (1904–79)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
219 words

...Catherine ( 1904–79 ), English actress, who made her first appearance in Brighton with Mrs Patrick Campbell in 1925 and her London début later the same year. She first came into prominence as Leonora Yale in The Green Bay Tree ( 1933 ) by Mordaunt Shairp , and in 1935 was at the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre , where she was seen as Cleopatra in Antony and Cleopatra and Katharina in The Taming of the Shrew . A sensitive actress with great reserves of emotional strength, she made a deep impression as Amy O'Connell in Granville-Barker 's Waste ...

Palissy, Bernard

Palissy, Bernard (c.1510–1590)   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...a geometric garden in the making of which it was essential to have a knowledge of geometry. In all this he prefigures many of the principles which ruled garden design in France, and elsewhere, in the 16th and 17th centuries. He was a devotee of grottoes and designed one for Catherine de Médicis at the Tuileries garden ( see Paris parks and gardens ). In his taste for exotic garden ornament he shows a more mannerist tendency, with a fondness for musical weathervanes and automata, naturalistically painted statues of animals and people, and intricate arbours...

demandingness of morality

demandingness of morality   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
189 words

...moral requirement has not been adequately grounded. Moral considerations can sometimes be justifiably overruled by non-moral considerations, or even ignored on occasion. Moral rules, on their view, correspond, like most other norms, to defeasible ought-statements. Prof. Catherine Wilson Bernard Williams , Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (London,...

Palissy, Bernard

Palissy, Bernard (c. 1510–1590)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
208 words

...on the grotto at Écouen and for Catherine de Médicis at the Tuileries. Influenced by Paracelsus , he described his scientific theories and his religious views first in the Recette véritable ( 1563 ), which reveals his belief in the absolute virtue of observation in matters scientific and his convinced Protestantism. His other major publication, the Discours admirables ( 1582 ), was based on his public lectures in Paris. Like the Recette , it is in dialogue form and explores numerous subjects (fountains, metals, salts, alchemy, etc.), and provides...

Joan of Arc, St

Joan of Arc, St (1412–31)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
192 words

...St ( 1412–31 ) Jeanne d'Arc , or more correctly Jeanne Darc , as it was spelt in all contemporary documents, an illiterate girl who contributed powerfully to liberate France from the English in the reign of Charles VII. Inspired, she claimed, by the voices of Sts Michael , Catherine , and Margaret , her mission was a double one, to raise the siege of Orléans, and to conduct Charles to his coronation at Rheims. She accomplished these tasks and then wished to return home; but she yielded to the demands of the French patriots and was taken prisoner by the...

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