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Catherine Bernard

(1663–1712?), French novelist, playwright, and poet. Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four ...

Dickens, Catherine Hogarth

Dickens, Catherine Hogarth (1816–79)   Reference library

Michael Slater

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,085 words

... Katey who informed Catherine of Dickens 's death. Catherine was not invited to the small family funeral, but she did receive a telegram of condolence from the Queen. After Dickens's death she was able to visit Gad's Hill and spent several Christmases there with Charley and his family enjoying her grandchildren. She was also visited by her sister Georgina . She died of cancer at her home on 21 November 1879 . During the final stages of her long and painful illness she was nursed by her daughter Katey, who later told George Bernard Shaw : ‘During every...

operatic and musical versions

operatic and musical versions   Reference library

Patsy Stoneman

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
2,711 words

...Milella's opera places the story in the context of rigidly patriarchal kinship structures, in which both Catherine and her mother are victims of forced marriages. Unlike Emily Brontë 's heroine, this Catherine is a ‘saintly creature’ who carries ‘Heathcliff’ off to a conventional eternity. All the operatic versions of Wuthering Heights use musical style and allusion to claim their allegiance to high culture. Such pretensions were satirized by Bernard de Zogheb 's Le sorelle Brontë , an ‘opera in four acts’ published in New York (Fibor de Nagy Editions, ...

film adaptations and biographies

film adaptations and biographies   Reference library

Patsy Stoneman

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,160 words

...given that the film lasted no more than an hour and a half, was the fact that all the second-generation characters were included, and that Hareton and the second Catherine also had child and adult versions. The adult Heathcliff and Catherine were played by Milton Rosmer and Anne Trevor . The gestures of the actors resemble those of the Victorian stage melodrama, but the dramatic still of Catherine's death scene combines heightened gestures with realistic indications of her illness. Interestingly, the film was billed as ‘Emily Brontë's tremendous Story of...

illustrations of the Brontës' works

illustrations of the Brontës' works   Reference library

Patsy Stoneman

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
719 words

...of which show ‘scenes’—such as Heathcliff carrying Catherine to the window—which appear in the film but not the novel (e.g. New York: Pocket Book edition, 1939 ). Barnett Freedman's lithographs for the Heritage Press (New York, 1940 ) verge on the grotesque. The Clare Leighton edition was replaced in 1943 by the more famous Random House edition illustrated by Fritz Eichenberg , and these illustrations have been widely influential, being reproduced, for instance, in Lucille Fletcher's libretto to Bernard Herrmann 's opera ( 1965 ) and described in Jane...

Great Expectations

Great Expectations   Reference library

Paul Schlicke

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,492 words

...Gad's Hill Place, the ‘dream of my childhood’, in 1856 and settled there permanently, out of London in rural Kent, in 1860 . His marriage of twenty-one years broke up painfully in 1858 , and he became deeply attached to the young actress Ellen ternan ( see Dickens, Catherine ). He severed close friendships, notably with Mark lemon , and broke with his publishers of the previous decade and a half, Bradbury and Evans . He built a bonfire at the back of his house, in which he burned the accumulated letters of twenty years. ‘Would to God every letter...

criticism, modern

criticism, modern   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
8,065 words

...underline the extent to which Eliot's works demonstrate the embeddedness of forms of knowledge—literary, scientific, and other—in its social contexts. JM Beer (1983). Gallagher, Catherine , The Industrial Reformation of English Fiction: Social Discourse and Narrative Form (1985). —— ‘George Eliot and Daniel Deronda: The Prostitute and the Jewish Question, in Ruth Bernard Yeazell (ed.), Sex, Politics, and Science in the Nineteenth-Century Novel (1986). Hamilton, Paul , Historicism (1996). Post-colonial Approaches Post-colonial approaches to George...

visual arts

visual arts   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
4,778 words

...works, surely chosen here as a striking contrast to the coldness of the Casaubons' marriage. Recollections of a few paintings and sculptures lie behind George Eliot's descriptions of certain faces in her novels. Both Dinah Morris in Adam Bede and Romola are compared to St Catherine of Alexandria, and it is probable that George Eliot had in mind a painting on the same subject by Raphael ( c. 1507 ) in the National Gallery. In The Mill Lucy Deane has ‘a face breathing playful joy, like one of Correggio's cherubs’ ( MF 6.9). There are four great...

criticism and scholarship

criticism and scholarship   Reference library

Ella Westland, Paul Schlicke, Robert Newsom, Ella Westland, John Bowen, Ella Westland, Michael Hollington, Ella Westland, Adam Roberts, and Joel J. Brattin

Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
9,431 words

...years feminist criticism has retained its close alliance with feminist history, giving it a bias towards cultural materialism and an affinity with the later interdisciplinary procedures of new historicism. The highly influential work of Mary Poovey , Nancy Armstrong , and Catherine Gallagher published from the mid-1980s onwards exposed the crucial ideological functions of Victorian representations of gender and identified sexual relations as a site for changing power relations between classes and cultures. A striking example of their procedures can be...

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