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Bradford Hill criteria

[A. B. Hill (1897–1991), British medical statistician] A set of nine criteria used to determine the strength of an association between a disease and its supposed causative agent. They form ...

Bradford Hill criteria

Bradford Hill criteria   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
185 words

...Bradford Hill criteria [ A. B. Hill ( 1897–1991 ), British medical statistician] A set of nine criteria used to determine the strength of an association between a disease and its supposed causative agent. They form the basis of modern medical and dental epidemiological research. The nine Bradford Hill criteria Criterion Explanation Strength of association The stronger the association, the more likely it is that the relation is causal. Temporal relationship Exposure always precedes the outcome. Consistency The association is consistent...

Bradford Hill criteria

Bradford Hill criteria  

[A. B. Hill (1897–1991), British medical statistician] A set of nine criteria used to determine the strength of an association between a disease and its supposed causative agent. They form the basis ...
Hill's criteria

Hill's criteria  

The British medical statistician Austin Bradford Hill (1897–1991) identified eight criteria that can be used to help distinguish statistically significant associations that indicate causation, i.e., ...
statistics

statistics   Reference library

Douglas G. Altman

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
3,574 words

...Here too Bradford Hill was very influential. He developed criteria for considering whether an observed association may reasonably be thought to indicate a causal relationship. With Richard Doll he carried out a series of studies which helped to demonstrate, together with studies elsewhere, that smoking was a serious health hazard, especially in relation to the development of lung cancer. Their prospective study of British doctors was especially important, as most previous studies had been retrospective (and as a consequence less reliable). Hill and Doll...

Hill's criteria

Hill's criteria   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Hill's criteria ( Hill’s considerations for causation ) A series of properties that causal relations may satisfy, proposed by Austin Bradford Hill ( 1897–1991 ) and further elaborated by Mervyn Susser and others. Sometimes referred to as “Hill’s criteria” (for causal inference, of causality), even though Hill did not use “criteria” (which might suggest each is necessary); instead, Hill described them as “considerations” or “viewpoints,” stating that none was necessary (although the consensus is that temporality is indeed necessary). They are: Strength :...

Hill’s Considerations For Causation

Hill’s Considerations For Causation   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Epidemiology (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Hill’s Considerations For Causation A series of theoretical and empirical properties that causal relations may or may not satisfy, proposed by Austin Bradford Hill ( 1897–1991 ) 533 and further elaborated by Mervyn Susser 207 and others. 1 , 2 , 6 , 25 , 39 , 42 , 69 , 206 , 208 , 270 Sometimes referred to as “Hill’s criteria” (for causal inference, of causality), even though Hill did not use “criteria” (which might suggest each is necessary); instead, Hill described them as “considerations” or “viewpoints,” stating that none was...

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