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Bradford Hill criteria

[A. B. Hill (1897–1991), British medical statistician] A set of nine criteria used to determine the strength of an association between a disease and its supposed causative agent. They form ...

Metaphor

Metaphor   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
1,832 words

...“genetic code,” which describes a biological process in terms of information theory, for instance, is a catachrēsis . It is a heuristic tool, because it allows for analogical extensions in expressions like genetic “message,” “transcription,” or “translation” ( Halloran and Bradford , 1984 , p. 188). Didactic discourse, on the other hand, employs illustrative metaphors in the interests of perspicuity. [ See also Figures of speech ; Style ; and Tacit dimension, the .] BIBLIOGRAPHY Black, Max . Models and Metaphors . Ithaca, N.Y., 1962. Blumenberg, Hans...

Literature

Literature   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
1,196 words

...that communication is impossible without artifice, yet there is a difference between the colloquial simile that someone is ‘as bold as brass’ and T. S. Eliot ’s simile for the young man in The Waste Land ( 1922 ): ‘One of the low on whom assurance sits / As a silk hat on a Bradford millionaire.’ The difference lies not only in the originality and unexpected juxtaposition but in the appropriateness of image to context, in the austere tone of the whole poem, in the evocation of a snobbish post- 1918 attitude to men who had become rich through government...

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