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Catherine Bernard

(1663–1712?), French novelist, playwright, and poet. Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four ...

Palissy, Bernard

Palissy, Bernard   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...a geometric garden in the making of which it was essential to have a knowledge of geometry. In all this he prefigures many of the principles which ruled garden design in France, and elsewhere, in the 16th and 17th centuries. He was a devotee of grottoes and designed one for Catherine de Médicis at the Tuileries garden ( see Paris parks and gardens ). In his taste for exotic garden ornament he shows a more mannerist tendency, with a fondness for musical weathervanes and automata, naturalistically painted statues of animals and people, and intricate arbours...

maze

maze   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
595 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in gardens in the Middle Ages—at Hesdin in northern France by 1311 and at the Hôtel de Tournelles in Paris in 1431 . They were found in later French gardens such as Catherine de Médicis 's Tuileries Palace ( see Paris parks and gardens ) made between 1564 and 1572 and in the Petit Parc at Versailles by 1677 . An attractive late 20th-century example, designed by Bernard Lassus , may be seen in the Jardin des Retours . In Italy several patterns are shown in a book by Giovanni Fontana of c .1420 and mazes were found in several Renaissance...

France

France   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...Italian influences acquired a dynastic dimension with the marriage in 1533 of Catherine de' Medici (the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici), whose name was Gallicized to Catherine de Médicis , to Henri de Valois who became King Henri II. France was one of the first countries to show the influence of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili which was translated into French— Le Songe de Poliphile —in 1546 . A figure from a similarly fantastical world was the diversely skilful Bernard Palissy —grotto maker, ceramicist, garden theorist, maker of automata, garden...

Paris parks and gardens

Paris parks and gardens   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
4,503 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Seine in the 12th arrondissment, is also a fine addition to the city landscape. Tuileries The site just west of the city walls, which had been a tile ( tuile means ‘tile’) factory since the 13th century, was bought in the early 16th century by François I. His daughter-in-law Catherine de Médicis , the widow of Henri II, started to build a palace here in 1564 to the designs of Philibert de L'Orme . A drawing of 1570 by Jacques Androuet Du Cerceau shows the walled gardens which were built below the palace's western façade along the Seine. Here was a...

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