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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

mobbing

mobbing (Australian)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
70 words

... ( Australian ) When a group of several youths attacks an individual or a group of a few youths. In this respect, mobbing is the same thing as getting jumped in the United States. Further reading: R. White , ‘Weapons are for wimps: The social dynamics of ethnicity and violence in Australian gangs’. In F. van Gemert , D. Peterson , and J.-L. Lien , Street Gangs, Migration, and Ethnicity (Cullompton,...

swarming

swarming (Australian)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gangs

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Law
Length:
70 words

... ( Australian ) When a large group of gang youth attacks another large group of gang youth. In this respect, swarming is the same thing as gang rumbles or riots in the United States. Further reading: R. White , ‘Weapons are for wimps: The social dynamics of ethnicity and violence in Australian gangs’. In F. van Gemert , D. Peterson , and J.-L. Lien , Street Gangs, Migration, and Ethnicity (Cullompton,...

Australian Institute of Sport

Australian Institute of Sport  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(AIS)A specialist institute for the study and promotion of elite sport performance, based in Australia's capital city, Canberra. It was formed in 1981, after a review of Australia's disappointing ...
Bulbeck, Chilla

Bulbeck, Chilla (1951–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
53 words

...Bulbeck, Chilla ( 1951– ) Australian feminist academic who became internationally known through her work The Iron Fist and the Velvet Glove: An Investigation of the Power of the New Petit-Bourgeoisie In Capitalist Formations ( 1979 ). She has written widely on feminist issues, including on race and ethnicity in the Australian and Asian...

patriarchal dividend

patriarchal dividend   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
56 words

...patriarchal dividend Coined by Australian masculinities studies scholar Raewyn Connell , the term refers to men’s privilege as it occurs in societies that favour men, either overtly or indirectly. It references the benefits they derive from their situation as males who are given more status, power, and resources than women across a whole range of...

Ahmed, Sara

Ahmed, Sara (1969–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
59 words

...Ahmed, Sara ( 1969– ) British–Australian academic , known for her contributions to feminist, queer , and postcolonial theory . Her best-known works are Strange Encounters: Embodied Others in Post-Coloniality ( 2000 ); The Cultural Politics of Emotion ( 2004 ); and Queer Phenomenologies ( 2006 ). She resigned from her post at Goldsmith’s College, London, in 2016 in protest at that institution’s dealings with sexual harassment...

Ang, Ien

Ang, Ien (1954–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
96 words

...Ang, Ien ( 1954– ) Academic resident in Australia, best known for her work in Cultural Studies. Well known for her work On Not speaking Chinese: Living Between Asia and the West ( 2001 ), she is part of a generation of scholars including Jayne O. Ifekwunigwe, who have shifted postcolonial theory from a ‘them-and-us’ approach to differences, to an understanding that identities in the global world are not unitary or easily readable off the surface of one’s skin or in terms of one’s appearance. Ang is also a media scholar whose other major contribution is to...

Connell, Raewyn

Connell, Raewyn (1944–)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
89 words

...Connell, Raewyn ( 1944– ) Australian sociologist , instrumental in the establishment of masculinity studies and of southern theory. Also known as R.W. Connell, she is a trans woman who transitioned late in life. She coined the phrase ‘hegemonic masculinity’ to account for the dominance of men and the force of masculinity as a determining logic of everyday life. She also coined the expression ‘patriarchal dividend’ to denote the privilege that automatically accrues to all men by virtue of being men. Her best-known work in the field is Masculinities (...

hegemonic masculinity

hegemonic masculinity   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
100 words

...hegemonic masculinity The sociocultural structures through which men’s dominance over women is maintained. It was popularized by the Australian academic R.W. (Raewyn) Connell in Gender and Power ( 1987 ), in which hegemonic masculinity is juxtaposed with emphasized femininity to explain the dynamic between women and men that supports men’s domination over women. The concept has been important in organization studies such as the military and corporate companies to explain their masculinized environment and operational styles. In its details the concept...

homosexuality

homosexuality   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
186 words

...tended to be more legislated against than homosexuality between women, partly because women have had no, or not full, citizenship status in many countries. In the twenty-first century, homosexuality is widely accepted in many north-west European and anglophone countries such as Australia and New Zealand. In quite a few of these countries civil partnerships between homosexuals are state-sanctioned. In the twenty-first century many gender scholars regard homosexuality as a form of sexual preference which may or may not vary across the life...

Gender Studies

Gender Studies   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology, Politics
Length:
272 words

...inclusivity of people with diverse and fluid identities such as transsexuals, but has also been critiqued as being depoliticized. In many countries such as France and China, Gender Studies does not exist as an academic discipline in its own right; in others such as India, Australia, the UK, and Sweden there are both Departments of Gender or Women’s Studies and courses with a gender perspective in many traditional disciplines. The curricula of Gender and Women’s Studies tend to include courses on feminist theory and feminist methodology, but vary widely...

Sexual Transgression

Sexual Transgression   Reference library

Diana M. Swancutt, Hilary Lipka, Rosanna S. Omitowoju, Heather Vincent, Benjamin H. Dunning, Laliv Clenman, and Taylor G. Petrey

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
30,174 words

...John Knox, 2003. Nissinen, M. Homoeroticism in the Biblical World: A Historical Perspective . Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004. Nyland, A. Study New Testament for Lesbians, Gays, Bi, and Transgender: With Extensive Notes on Greek Word Meaning and Context . Uralla, Australia: Smith and Stirling, 2007. Osiek, C. , and B. Balch . Families in the New Testament World: Households and Housechurches . Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 1997. Phillips, K. , and B. Reay . Sex Before Sexuality: A Premodern History . London: Polity, 2011. Ramet, S...

Childe, Vere Gordon

Childe, Vere Gordon (1892–1957)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
73 words

...Vere Gordon ( 1892–1957 ) Born in Australia, Childe became professor successively in the Universities of Edinburgh and London, and was a leading figure in mid-20th-century archaeology. Known for his Marxist emphasis on the importance of the economy, Childe nevertheless also stressed the importance of society and culture, rather than artefacts. He was a great popularizer of archaeology, particularly through his well-written comparative accounts of human prehistory, such as Man Makes Himself ...

phratry

phratry   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
194 words

...through descent in either the male or female line, but these kinship groups are then aggregated according to non-kinship principles into larger groups which (in some cases) the anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan termed ‘phratries’. Examples include several American Indian and Australian Aboriginal tribes. In other societies, extended kinship groups include the clan (usually a matrilineal descent group), and gens (patrilineal descent group). It is now common to designate as phratries any grouping or association of clans which recognize some relationship to each...

Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred Reginald

Radcliffe-Brown, Alfred Reginald (1881–1955)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
204 words

...Alfred Reginald ( 1881–1955 ) Radcliffe-Brown was one of the most influential of the founding figures of social anthropology , through his teaching in universities in England, North America, South Africa, and Australia. He was less noted for his field studies (see The Andaman Islanders , 1922 ) than for his teaching, yet he was the first to have an anthropological training as an undergraduate at Cambridge, and the first to hold a Chair in Social Anthropology at Cape Town, Sydney, Oxford, and Chicago. In his theoretical approach...

Malinowski, Bronislaw Kaspar

Malinowski, Bronislaw Kaspar (1884–1942)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
496 words

...Bronislaw Kaspar ( 1884–1942 ) A Polish anthropologist , born in Cracow, where he completed a doctorate in physics and mathematics. A chance reading of Frazer 's The Golden Bough attracted him to social anthropology. Subsequently, in London, he completed a thesis on the Australian Aborigines. Between 1915 and 1918 he conducted fieldwork for periods amounting to nearly two years in the Trobriand Islands, New Guinea. Here he developed the now classical methods of intensive fieldwork, pitching his tent in the villages. He stressed the importance of...

capitalism

capitalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
930 words

...from describing both mid-Victorian and late 20th-century Britain as capitalist is limited. The same applies to its wide geographical and cultural scope, since it is not self-evidently helpful to explain the momentum of contemporary societies as different as Japan, Sweden, and Australia, simply in terms of their possession of a capitalist system of production. More precision can be gained by specifying types of capitalism according to either qualitative or quantitative factors. Qualitative classifications show that capital can be accumulated by several...

Oceania Football Confederation

Oceania Football Confederation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(OFC)Formed in 1966 (with founder members Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, and Papua New Guinea), the Oceania Football Confederation was initially recognized by the Fédération Internationale de Football ...
Kerry Packer

Kerry Packer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1937–2005)Born Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer, the son of a rich Australian business magnate, a media tycoon who inherited his father's business portfolio of media stations, magazine publishing, and ...
Percy Wells Cerutty

Percy Wells Cerutty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1895–1975)An Australian running teacher, as he preferred to call himself, who coached and trained a number of world-beating Australian middle-distance runners. These included John Landy, one of the ...

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