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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Codes of Ethics

Codes of Ethics   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...state in Australia, Britain, and the USW . British Journal of Social Work , 33(2), 191–208. National Association of Social Work (NASW). (1999). Code of ethics . Washington, DC: Author. Reamer, F. (2001). Ethics education in social work . Alexandria, VA: CSWE. Reamer, F. (2006). Ethical standards in social work: A review of the NASW code of ethics (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: NASW. Thorpe, R. (1996, October 3–6). Indigenous challenges to the social work and welfare work: Codes of ethics in Australia. Third National Conference for Australian Association...

Narratives

Narratives   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Narrative therapy was developed by Michael White and David Epston , social workers from Australia and New Zealand respectively, in the late 1980s, spreading to North America in the 1990s. It falls under the rubric of postmodernism, which challenges the idea of absolute and universal truths. Its focus on empowerment, collaboration, and viewing problems in social context fit with social work values. Clients and social workers join together to deconstruct and reconstruct problem saturated stories through externalizing problems and searching for unique...

International Social Work and Social Welfare

International Social Work and Social Welfare   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...conditions This region comprises Australia, Aotearoa-New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands or Melanesia, which includes Papua New Guinea and neighboring islands north and east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. Polynesia lies to the east and Micronesia to the northeast. The designation Australasia is sometimes applied to all the lands and islands of the Pacific Ocean lying between the equator and latitude 47° south. The most populated countries in this area include Australia with 20.7 million (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2007 ), Papua New...

Progressive Social Work

Progressive Social Work   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...and in keeping with the times, the progressive social work community in the United States has been particularly informed, strengthened, and energized by the lively debate, theoretical advances, and practice innovations in other English speaking countries—particularly Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain, and Scotland. Increasingly, progressives are examining the effects on social welfare systems and practices resulting from the advance of global capitalism (Gilbert, 2002 ; Vij, 2007 ) and the resistance to neoliberalism emerging in Central and...

Harm Reduction

Harm Reduction   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Current Version:
2008

...officials and raise issues such as distributing methadone and free sterile syringes, police policies, and housing problems. These efforts led to the opening of the first syringe exchange program in Amsterdam in 1984 . Since then, policies in the Netherlands, England, Canada, Australia, and other countries have been revised to reflect the goal of “normalization,” that is, improving the addict's ability to function in society instead of punishing addicts for their inability to maintain abstinence ( Miller & Carroll , 2006 ). Harm reduction strategies are...

Strengths-Based Framework

Strengths-Based Framework   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...in social work practice (4th ed., pp. 25–45). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Long, D. D. , Tice, C. J. , & Morrison, J. D. (2006). Macro social work practice: A strengths perspective . Belmont, CA: Thompson Brooks/Cole. McCashen, W. (2005). The strengths approach . Bendigo, Australia: St. Luke's Innovative Resources. McKergow, M. , & Clarke, J. (Eds.). (2005). Positive approaches to change: Applications of solution focus and appreciative inquiry at work . Cheltenham, UK: SolutionsBook. Metcalf, L. (1998). Solution-focused group therapy: Ideas for groups...

Cultural Institutions and the Arts

Cultural Institutions and the Arts   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Preservation Association; Yetman, 1967 ). Artists and performers were paid for work such as graphic design, murals in government buildings, local theater performances, photography, and other forms of cultural expression. Unlike comparable art programs in the United Kingdom and Australia, the FAP was local and democratic (Gibson, 1997 ). This level of U.S. government support for the arts was unprecedented and has never been as extensive since ( A New Deal for the Arts , 2007 ). The collection of over 2,000 ex-slave narratives between 1936 and 1938 by the...

Restorative Justice

Restorative Justice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...their behavior and worldviews. There is often a strong spiritual component in such sentencing and healing circles. Interdisciplinary Aspects The facilitators may be lawyers, tribal leaders, or clergy. Often, as in Iowa, they are connected to victim assistance programming. In Australia, the police play an active role. In New Zealand, Canada, and, increasingly, in the United States, social workers are trained for such facilitation. Through the School of Social Work at the University of Minnesota, St. Paul, professionals are trained in conflict resolution in...

Professional Liability and Malpractice

Professional Liability and Malpractice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Welfare , 55(5), 540. McAuliffe, D. (2005). Putting ethics on the organizational agenda: The social work ethics audit on trial . Australian Social Work , 58(4), 357–369. McCarty, D. , & Clancy, C. (2002). Telehealth: Implications for social work practice . Social Work , 47(2), 153–161. Melville, R. (2005). Human research committees and ethical review: The changing research culture for social workers . Australian Social Work , 58(4), 370–383. Munro, E. (1999). Protecting children in an anxious society . Health, Risk & Society , 1(1), 117–127....

Agency-Based Research

Agency-Based Research   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...In J. Wholey , H. Hatry , & K. Newcomer (Eds.), Handbook of practical program evaluation (2nd ed., pp. 396–412). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Joubert, L. , & Epstein, I. (Eds.). (2005). Multi-disciplinary data-mining in allied health practice: Another perspective on Australian research and evaluation . Journal of Social Work Research and Evaluation , 6(2, special issue), 139–141. Kapp, S. , & Vela, R. (2004). The parent satisfaction with Foster Care Services Scale . Child Welfare , 83(3), 263–287. Linhorst, D. M. , & Eckert, A. (2002). ...

Contracting out of social services

Contracting out of social services   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...(1979). Social services by government contract: A policy analysis . New York: Praeger. Wilensky, H. L. , & Lebeaux, C. N. (1965). Industrial society and social welfare (2nd ed.). New York: Free Press. Yeatman, A. (1996). Interpreting contemporary contractualism . Australian Journal of Social Issues , 31, 39–54. Further Reading Brown, D. L. , & Moore, M. H. (2001). Accountability, strategy and international nongovernmental organizations . Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly , 30, 569–587. S uggested L inks Government for sale: An...

Baccalaureate Social Workers

Baccalaureate Social Workers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...from http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp Perlman, H. A. (1957). A problem-solving process . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Ryan, D. J. (2007). Clinical decisions-making in complimentary and alternative medicine: The use of evidence . Journal of the Australian and Traditional Medicine Society , 13(2), 81–83. Tracy, C. (2006). Council on social work education annual statistics . E-mail correspondence. Weick, A. , Rapp, C. , Sullivan, W. P. , & Kirsthardt, W. (1989). A strengths perspective for social work practice . Social...

Policy Practice

Policy Practice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Matthies, A. L. (2005). Between science, practice and politics: Practice research as a defining approach of social work research . European Journal of Social Work , 8(3), 273–278. Mendes, P. (2003). Teaching social policy to social work students: A critical reflection . Australian Social Work , 56(3), 220–233. National Association of Social Workers. (1994). NASW code of ethics . Washington, DC: Author. National Association of Social Workers. (1996). Code of ethics . Washington, DC: Author. Pierpont, J. H. , Pozzuto, R. , & Powell, J. Y. (2001). ...

Family Preservation and Home-Based Services

Family Preservation and Home-Based Services   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Holt International website). Also, the Australian Institute of Family Studies indicates a growing trend toward ensuring that “Indigenous child welfare policy,” traditionally focused on child protection, is redesigned to include a focus on family preservation. Family preservation is of particular importance to indigenous families given the “high value placed on family and extended family” and the disproportionate placement rates of these children in the United States, as well as in Canada, New Zealand, and Australia (Libesman, 2004 ). There is also growing...

Licensing

Licensing   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...Today social work is regulated in all 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and 10 Canadian provinces. The trend to regulate social work is also found in other countries around the world, including Great Britain, Wales, Australia, and New Zealand. Definitions Certification, credentialing, licensure, and registration are terms that are applied to the regulation of social work in different jurisdictions. For purposes of regulation, there is no legal distinction between certification and licensure, although...

Feminist Social Work Practice

Feminist Social Work Practice   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

.... Boston: South End Press. Charles, N. (2000). Feminism, the state and social policy . New York: Macmillan. Cohen, M. (2003). Gender and groupwork . New York: Routledge. Connell, R. W. (2005). A really good husband – Work/life balance, gender equity and social change . Australian Journal of Social Issues , 40, 369–383. Echols, A. (1989). Daring to be bad: Radical feminism in America, 1967–1975 . Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Ehrenreich, B. , & Hochschild, A. (2004). Global woman: Nannies, maids and sex workers in the new economy . New...

Community Organization

Community Organization   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...), organizing for reconciliation in the Balkans (Despotovic et al., 2007 ), community development in Kenya (Ellis et al., 2007 ), social action in Bolivia (Olivera, 2004 ), anti-violence work in Northern Ireland (Meyer, 2003 ), popular education with indigenous people in Australia and Chiapas, Mexico (McDaniel & Flowers, 1995 ; Morrow & Torres, 2001 ) are but a small sampling of different approaches currently being employed around the globe. Community organizing in the United States certainly has been enriched by international examples that emphasize a...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Social Welfare and Social Services
Length:
19,050 words
Illustration(s):
1

...P. , et al. (2005). Knowledge about hepatitis and previous exposure to hepatitis viruses in immigrants and refugees from the Mekong region . Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health , 29(1), 64–68. Caruana, S. R. , Kelly, H. A. , Ngeow, J. Y. , Ryan, N. J. , Bennett, C. M. , & Chea, L. , et al. (2006). Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia . Journal of Travel Medicine , 3(4), 233–239. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2005, August 5). Multidrug-resistant...

Political Interventions

Political Interventions   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...action . London: Brooks/Cole. Prokosh, M. , & Raymond, L. (Eds.). (2002). The global activist's manual: Local ways to change the world . New York: Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books. Rees, S. (1991). Achieving power: Practice and policy in social welfare . North Sydney, Australia: Allen and Unwin. Reeser, L. C. , & Epstein, I. (1990). Professionalization and activism in social work: The sixties, the eighties and the future . New York: Columbia University Press. Reisch, M. (2005). Radical community organizing. In M. Weil (Ed.), The handbook of...

School Violence

School Violence   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

...the work of Olweus in 1970s has had the greatest impact on practice and research. Olweus ( 1993 ) designed large-scale school-based interventions in Scandinavia, which were later emulated by many countries around the world, including England, Japan, New Zealand, Israel, and Australia. Public interest in school violence emerged in the United States only after a series of highly publicized fatal school shootings in the late 1990s. These acts prompted significant national, state, and local efforts to increase school safety through changes in legislation,...

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