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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Australia Physical map Political map Melbourne Sydney Central Sydney Central Sydney...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... The national flag was adopted in 1901. It includes the British Union Flag, reflecting Australia's historic links with Britain. In 1995, the Australian government gave legal recognition to the Native Australian flag and the Torres Strait Islander...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,365 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and overseas students who had completed their studies. Australia has an increasingly diverse population, but its most distinctive ethnic group are the original inhabitants—the Aborigines. In 2014 it was estimated that there were over 713,000 Aborigines, making up 3 per cent of the population. The Aborigine population is growing at twice the rate of the rest of the Australian population and is also significantly younger. They are the most marginalized part of Australian society: most live in desperate poverty, either in reserves in the outback or in...

Australia

Australia (New Holland, Terra Australis)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australia ( Eendrachtsland ) , New Holland, Terra Australis The Commonwealth of Australia since 1 January 1901 when the six separate colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia were joined in a federation and retitled as states; South Australia was partitioned in 1911 , a part being hived off as the Northern Territory and joining the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’, not a state. Imagining the existence of such a land at the beginning of the 1st millennium, the Greeks called it Terra Australis...

South Australia

South Australia (Australia)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...South Australia , Australia A state since 1901 when it joined the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia. It was first settled by the British and made a province in 1836 . It became a crown colony in 1841 . Between 1863 and 1911 it included the present Northern...

Western Australia

Western Australia (Australia)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Western Australia , Australia ( New Holland ) A state given this name in 1829 when it became a British colony, Captain George Vancouver having taken formal possession of the territory around King George Sound for Great Britain in 1791 . It became a constituent state of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 . The earlier name was a result of Dutch exploration in the 17th century...

Australia-China Relations

Australia-China Relations   Reference library

Tim HARCOURT

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...consumer goods imported from Australia—along with some Australian enterprises, like Aquaria 21, an indoor aquarium in Shanghai—the Chinese have come to know and appreciate all things Australian. Tourism officials in Australia predict an increasing flow of Chinese tourists in the coming years, with more than 1 million Chinese visitors expected by 2013 , making China the largest tourism market for Australia. (All such estimates, of course, are based on reestablishing a strong global economy.) Since the 1980s China and Australia have developed a variety of...

Australia China Friendship Society

Australia China Friendship Society   Reference library

Berkshire Encyclopedia of China

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016

...Australia China Friendship Society Àodàlìyà-Zhōngguó Yǒuhǎo Xiéhuì 澳大利亚中国友好协会 ‎ The Australia China Friendship Society ( ACFS ) was established in 1951 and 1952 in Melbourne and Sydney. During the 1950s and 1960s the society represented a coalition of societies whose objective was to develop friendship and peace with the people of China and the Chinese communities in Australia in an effort to foster better cultural understanding. The climax of such activities was the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 1972 ....

Australia and New Zealand

Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,134 words

... and New Zealand . Although there have been Muslims in Australia and New Zealand for more than a century, the present active communities have developed since 1950 . The first notable group of Muslims in Australia were Afghan camel drivers who helped open up the interior of the country between 1860 and 1910 but who did not establish a continuing community. The “White Australia Policy” from 1901 excluded most Muslims although some were admitted. In the 1950s Turkish-Cypriots began to arrive, and an agreement with Turkey in 1968 led to considerable...

Church Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan

Church Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan   Reference library

John Thew

The Oxford Encyclopaedia of South Asian Christianity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012

...Missionary Society of Australia, Pakistan The Church Missionary Society (CMS), Australia has made significant contributions in Pakistan, especially in the areas of education and healthcare. The Church Missionary Society Australia first sent Rev. and Mrs Stevenson to Peshawar in 1914 into what would become the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. They stayed there for ten years, with Mr Stevenson becoming Principal of Edward's College, Peshawar. The Church Missionary Society Australia has worked closely with its parent body, CMS UK and with such close...

Australian Aborigine Creation

Australian Aborigine Creation   Reference library

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Aborigine Creation Several origin myths belong to many of the aboriginal people. The Arandans, the Murngins, and the Great Western Desert people, for instance, tell of a prehuman “dream time” during which magical ancestors created sites, traditions, and people during their “walkabouts” ( see also Djanggawul Creation ; The Dreaming ; Ngurunderi Creation ). Often the ancestors became lizards (or other animals), gave birth to more lizards, and then, warmed by the sun, turned as a group into humans. The Dieri god made the first man in the form of a...

Australian Capital Territory

Australian Capital Territory (Australia)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australian Capital Territory , Australia ( Limestone Plains ) Explored by Charles Throsby in 1820 and originally named by him. In 1901 , with the creation of the Commonwealth of Australia, the new constitution decreed that an area at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney should be carved out of New South Wales and reserved for a new capital. The area was handed over in 1909 and became the Capital Territory in 1911 . See canberra...

Yurlunggur

Yurlunggur   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Yurlunggur was a rainbow serpent of the Yolngu in Australian Arnhem...

Ngandjala-Ngandjala

Ngandjala-Ngandjala   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...These are Australian Aboriginal tricksters . Essentially, they are comic troublemakers and pranksters who enjoy destroying things such as those created by the first beings during the dreaming time. In parts of Australia they are called Wurulu-...

Wandjina

Wandjina   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...Among the Australian Aboriginal people, a wandjina is a tribe-protecting spirit being of the mythical age the Dreamtime . A wandjina has a particular totem animal...

Christmas Island

Christmas Island   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
379 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Island now has an Australian administrator and a shire council that is an electoral district within Western Australia. As the phosphate mine required investment to stop it becoming exhausted in the late 1980s, the Australian government transferred ownership to a private operator. The mine continues to work, and in 2013 its lease was extended to 2034 . It currently employs around 150 people plans proposed in 2016 to extend its area of operation, and hence its life, have been vigorously opposed by environmentalists; the Australian government is yet to...

Alchera

Alchera (Oceania)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Oceania Literally, ‘dream time’. The remote period of time in which the ancestral spirits of aboriginal tribes in Australia walked the earth. The chthonic ancestors are believed to have returned to their abode...

Bamapana

Bamapana (Oceania)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... Oceania The trickster hero of the Murngin in northern Australia, ‘a crazy man’. To the open horror and hidden delight of these aboriginal tribesmen Bamapana was obscene and broke clan incest taboos. The quarrels and misunderstandings he caused were...

Mimi

Mimi   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...The mimi are Australian trickster spirits among the Aborigines of western Arnhem land. For the most part they are benign, living in the crevices of rock cliffs. They can, however, be troublesome if...

Mudungkala

Mudungkala   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...The Tiwi people of the Melville and Bathurst islands of Australia say that they were separated from the mainland during the dreaming time when water followed the dreaming travel of Mudungkala, a goddess who came out of the earth with the first ...

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