You are looking at 1-20 of 5,810 entries  for:

  • All: Australia x
  • Social sciences x
clear all

Did you mean Australian Australian

View:

Overview

Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Maps

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Australia Physical map Political map Melbourne Sydney Central Sydney Central Sydney...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

World Flags

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... The national flag was adopted in 1901. It includes the British Union Flag, reflecting Australia's historic links with Britain. In 1995, the Australian government gave legal recognition to the Native Australian flag and the Torres Strait Islander...

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,365 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and overseas students who had completed their studies. Australia has an increasingly diverse population, but its most distinctive ethnic group are the original inhabitants—the Aborigines. In 2014 it was estimated that there were over 713,000 Aborigines, making up 3 per cent of the population. The Aborigine population is growing at twice the rate of the rest of the Australian population and is also significantly younger. They are the most marginalized part of Australian society: most live in desperate poverty, either in reserves in the outback or in...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,271 words
Illustration(s):
1

...has led to land degradation in parts of Australia; for example, some grazing land has been overrun by shrubby weeds, reducing the potential productivity of the land. Bibliography Colls, K. , and R. Whitaker . The Australian Weather Book . Brookvale, New South Wales, Australia, 1990. Linacre, E. , and J. Hobbs . The Australian Climatic Environment . Brisbane, Australia: Wiley, 1972. Sturman, A. , and N. Tapper . The Weather and Climate of Australia and New Zealand . 2d ed. South Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Oxford University Press, 2006. Neville...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,844 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Australia's midlatitudinal position, the dominance of the subtropical high-pressure system. This climate system causes dry, windy conditions conducive to wildfires in southern Australia during the summer months, and similar “fire weather” during the winter months in northern Australia. El Niño–Southern Oscillation events cause regular cycles of droughts and floods across eastern Australia. These geographic factors rendered Australia particularly vulnerable to the environmental upheavals that followed European colonization. Alexander, N. , ed. Australia:...

Australia

Australia (New Holland, Terra Australis)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Australia ( Eendrachtsland ) , New Holland, Terra Australis The Commonwealth of Australia since 1 January 1901 when the six separate colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia were joined in a federation and retitled as states; South Australia was partitioned in 1911 , a part being hived off as the Northern Territory and joining the Commonwealth as a ‘territory’, not a state. Imagining the existence of such a land at the beginning of the 1st millennium, the Greeks called it Terra Australis...

Australia

Australia (2012)   Reference library

Ian TYRRELL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
4,255 words

...no foreseeable end to this dilemma, and Australia’s population will most likely continue to grow at levels incompatible with life support systems of water and soils. Ian TYRRELL University of New South Wales See also Auckland, New Zealand ; Forest Management ; Mining (Australia) ; Murray-Darling River Basin ; New Zealand ; Oceania ; Perth, Australia ; Sydney, Australia ; United States ; Water Use and Rights Further Reading Bolton, Geoffrey . (1981). Spoils and spoilers: Australians make their environment, 1788–1980 ....

Australia

Australia   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
126 words

... The world’s sixth-largest country by area, including Tasmania and many smaller islands adjacent to the Australian mainland. A former British colony, Australia has been an independent nation state since 1901. Today it is a multiethnic, multilingual society, though English remains the official language. In recent years Australia has begun to recognize the historic rights of aboriginal peoples to territory, resources, and cultural artefacts that were taken away from them by British and Dutch settlers from the 17th century. Australia’s 23 million...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,519 words

...agenda. Australia only slowly sought legal independence from Britain. Authority was increasingly delegated to governors and parliaments in Australia throughout the nineteenth century, although the British monarch and parliament possessed the theoretical legal power to rule Australia until 1986 when the U.K. Australia Act was proclaimed. Australia did not begin to assume independence in foreign affairs until 1917 and did not adopt the 1931 U.K. Statute of Westminster until 1942 . Elizabeth II , the queen of England, is also queen of Australia and is...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
4,087 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Depression in Australia, 1887–1897 . Oxford, 1971. Butlin, N. G. Australian Domestic Product, Investment, and Foreign Borrowing, 1861–1938/39 . Cambridge, 1962. Butlin, N. G. Investment in Australian Economic Development, 1861–1900 . Cambridge, 1964. Gregory, R. G. , and N. G. Butlin , eds. Recovery from the Depression: Australia and the World Economy in the 1930s . Cambridge, 1988. Maddock, Rodney , and Ian W. McLean , eds. The Australian Economy in the Long Run . New York, 1987. Meredith, David , and Barrier Dyster . Australia in the Global...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
15,540 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The address for the Australian Society of Sex Educators, Researchers, and Therapists is: 21 Carr Street, Coogee, New South Wales 2034 Australia. The address for the Western Australian Sexology Society is: c/FPA, 70 Roe Street, Northbridge, Western Australia 6000 Australia. The Journal of Sex and Marriage and the Family , published by the Family Life Movement of Australia, recently changed its name to the Australian Journal of Marriage and Family . Four other Australian journals publish articles of interest to sexologists: Australian Forum , published...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Judith Brett

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
776 words

...interpretation and because of the commonwealth's financial dominance. Although the Australian federal system is unsupported by marked regional or ethnic differences, it is deeply embedded in Australia's political institutions. The Commonwealth of Australia also includes the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory, which is the location of Canberra, the federal capital. Since 1910 the Australian party system has been dominated by three parties: the Australian Labor Party, formed in the 1890s as the political wing of the trade union movement; a...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
2,768 words

...Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission, 1996. Tacey, David . Re-enchantment: The New Australian Spirituality . Sydney: HarperCollins, 2000. Tacey, David . Edge of the Sacred: Transformation in Australia . North Blackburn: HarperCollins, 1995. See also: Aboriginal Art ; Aboriginal Dreaming (Australia) ; Aboriginal Spirituality and the New Age in Australia ; Arrernte Increase Ceremonies (Central Australia) ; Australian Poetry ; Ferality ; Jung, Carl Gustav ; Indigenous Religions and Cultural Borrowing ; Keepers of Lake Eyre (South Australia) ; New...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

T. B. Millar Richard Nile (Culture)

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
8,333 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Curtin insisted that Australia make its own declaration of war. Moreover, once the USA had entered the war and the UK's weakness in South-East Asia had been exposed, the Americans became the Australians' main ally. In his prime-ministerial message to the nation on 27 December 1941 , Curtin announced to the world ‘I make it quite clear that Australia looks to America, free of any pangs as to our traditional links or kinship with the United Kingdom.’ The statement marked a turning-point in Australian history. From this point forth, Australia would put its role in...

Indonesia–Australia

Indonesia–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,031 words

...Australia from the mid-1960s. Most significantly, there was a change in direction in Australian foreign policy towards more engagement with Asia as Cold War imperatives lessened and the White Australia Policy was gradually dismantled. Indonesia also became a significant target for Australian aid programs. By 1970 the only country to which Australia allocated more aid was Papua New Guinea; by the time the Whitlam government was elected in December 1972 , two Australian prime ministers had visited Indonesia and President Suharto had visited Australia....

USA–Australia

USA–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,985 words

...copied in Australia. If Inglis Clark had had his way, most of the British traditions that Australians were familiar with in 1901 would have been abandoned and Australia would have emerged as a republic. But the mood in Australia at the beginning of the twentieth century was against this. Unlike eighteenth-century Americans, Australia's founding generation was not rebellious and they thought of themselves as British, showing allegiance to the Queen. Even so, thanks to Inglis Clark and others who admired the American Federation , the Australian political...

Canada–Australia

Canada–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,514 words

...When war began in 1939 , Australia's only official postings were in London. Australia and Canada finally established direct and official relations in the early days of World War II : Charles Burchell arrived as high commissioner in Canberra in December 1939 ; Major-General Sir William Glasgow went to Ottawa in March 1940 . Even though Australian and Canadian governments now agreed on the necessity of developing individual external relations and policies, their wartime relations were not especially harmonious. Australia was dismayed that Canada sent...

Europe–Australia

Europe–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,164 words

...Australia Australia–Europe relations began with European settlement more than 200 years ago, by mainly British and Irish settlers and convicts, and developed as Australia's immigrant communities arrived from the rest of Europe. Australia's longstanding connections with Europe—of population settlement and Immigration ; constitutional and cultural links; Trade and diplomacy—are dominated by the link with the United Kingdom ( see Britain–Australia ). The British link is based on past colonial status, the fact that Australia's institutions and traditions...

Australia Acts

Australia Acts   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
321 words

... Acts In 1986 the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Australia parliaments each enacted a statute called the Australia Act 1986 . The two Acts, whose provisions are almost identical, terminated the vestiges of legislative, executive and judicial authority with respect to Australian law that were still possessed by British institutions while leaving the role of the Queen, in her capacity as the Queen of Australia, unchanged. Their most important provisions terminated the legislative authority of the United Kingdom parliament to change Australian law,...

Japan–Australia

Japan–Australia   Reference library

Oxford Companion to Australian Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,778 words

...of Australia's international trade in the region. Japan itself built a thriving economy based on light industries. Japan's entry into World War II triggered a historic realignment of Australia's geopolitical security arrangements. The defeat of Australia's long-term protector the United Kingdom in the fall of Singapore led to Prime Minister Curtin 's declaration of a new security relationship with the USA—a relationship whose primacy in Australia's security planning continues today, underlying all Australia's contemporary security policies and...

View: