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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia Telescope National Facility

Australia Telescope National Facility   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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... Telescope National Facility ( ATNF ) The collective name for a number of radio antennas located at four observatories in Australia, owned and operated by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO ). The antennas can be used individually, or in various combinations as a long-baseline interferometer. The heart of the ATNF is the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) at the Paul Wild Observatory , Narrabri, New South Wales, consisting of six dishes, 22 m in diameter, in a line 6 km long. The largest individual...

Australia Telescope National Facility

Australia Telescope National Facility  

The collective name for a group of eight radio antennas, located at three observatories in New South Wales, Australia, owned and operated by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research ...
Anglo-Australian Observatory

Anglo-Australian Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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2018

...Australian Observatory ( AAO ) Former name of the Australian Astronomical Observatory...

Australian Astronomical Observatory

Australian Astronomical Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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... Astronomical Observatory An observatory at an altitude of 1150 m on Siding Spring Mountain near Coonabarabran, New South Wales, founded in 1973 and owned and operated by the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research. Its headquarters are in Epping, NSW. Its instruments are the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope and the 1.2-m United Kingdom Schmidt Telescope . It was originally known as the Anglo-Australian Observatory and was jointly owned by the UK and Australia, but came under full Australian ownership in 2010 ....

Anglo-Australian Telescope

Anglo-Australian Telescope   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Australian Telescope ( AAT ) A 3.9-m reflector opened in 1974 at the Anglo-Australian Observatory (now the Australian Astronomical Observatory ), New South Wales. In 1995 it was fitted with a corrector lens at the prime focus which gives it a two-degree field of view (2dF); an array of fibre optics at the prime focus allows simultaneous spectroscopy of up to 392 stars or galaxies over this wide field of view. https://www.aao.gov.au/about-us/AAT Official telescope...

Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder

Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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... Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder ( ASKAP ) An aperture synthesis radio telescope consisting of 36 dishes, each of 12 m diameter with baselines up to 6 km, being built at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in Western Australia. The first six dishes began operation in 2013 . When complete, the array will become part of the Australia Telescope National Facility . As well as being a major instrument in its own right, ASKAP will serve as a testbed for the Square Kilometre Array . http://www.atnf.csiro.au/projects/askap/ Official telescope...

Anglo-Australian Observatory

Anglo-Australian Observatory  

Former name of the Australian Astronomical Observatory.
Anglo-Australian Telescope

Anglo-Australian Telescope  

A 3.9-m reflector opened in 1974 at the Anglo-Australian Observatory (now the Australian Astronomical Observatory), New South Wales. In 1995 it was fitted with a corrector lens at the prime focus ...
AAO

AAO   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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2018

... Abbr. for Australian Astronomical Observatory...

AAT

AAT   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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2018

... Abbr. for Anglo-Australian Telescope...

ATNF

ATNF   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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2018

... Abbr. for Australia Telescope National Facility...

ASKAP

ASKAP   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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... Abbr. for Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder...

AUSSAT

AUSSAT   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

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...An organization formed in 1981 by the federal government of Australia and Telecom Australia to own and operate Australia's domestic satellite system. It has now been renamed the Optus Corporation. The first satellite, AUSSAT-1 , was launched by the US space shuttle Discovery in 1985 , and the third satellite was launched from French Guiana in 1987 by the European Space Agency's Ariane rocket launcher. The AUSSAT satellite system enables people in remote outback areas of Australia to receive television...

United Kingdom Schmidt Telescope

United Kingdom Schmidt Telescope   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Kingdom Schmidt Telescope ( UKST ) A 1.2-m Schmidt camera at Siding Spring, New South Wales, opened in 1973 . It is part of the Australian Astronomical Observatory (formerly the Anglo-Australian Observatory); before 1988 it was owned and operated by the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. https://www.aao.gov.au/about-us/uk-schmidt-telescope Official telescope...

Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory

Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Radio-astronomy Observatory ( MRO ) A radio observatory in the outback of Western Australia, some 315 km northeast of Geraldton. It is the site of the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder ( ASKAP ) and the Murchison Widefield Array and will also be the site for the Square Kilometer Array low-frequency telescope. http://www.atnf.csiro.au/projects/askap/site.html Official observatory...

Tidbinbilla

Tidbinbilla   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

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...Tidbinbilla A space tracking station in Australia, just south of Canberra, part of NASA's deep-space network . It provides tracking facilities and command transmissions in support of NASA's crewed and uncrewed...

Paul Wild Observatory

Paul Wild Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Wales, Australia. It is the site of the Australia Telescope Compact Array ( ATCA ), part of the Australia Telescope National Facility , and consists of a line of six 22-m antennas that can operate as one instrument by aperture synthesis . Five of these antennas can be moved along a 3-km stretch of rail track running east–west, with a 200-m north–south spur added in 1998 . A sixth antenna lies 3 km to the west of the main group, on its own short track. The array began operation in 1988 . The observatory is named after the English-born Australian radio...

Siding Spring Observatory

Siding Spring Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...mountains near Coonabarabran, New South Wales, owned and operated by the Australian National University. It was founded in 1962 as an outstation of Mount Stromlo Observatory ; its first telescope was a 1-m reflector opened in 1964 . Siding Spring is the site of the Australian Astronomical Observatory containing the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope , opened in 1974 , and the 1.2-m United Kingdom Schmidt Telescope , opened 1973 . Other major instruments are the Australian National University’s 2.3-m Advanced Technology Telescope opened in 1984 and...

Faulkes Telescopes

Faulkes Telescopes   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Telescopes A pair of 2-m reflectors, of identical design to the Liverpool Telescope , for use by students in the UK, Hawaii, and Australia over the Internet. FT-North is sited at an altitude of 3050 m at the University of Hawaii’s observatory on Haleakala mountain, Maui island, and opened in 2004 . FT-South, which came into operation in 2007 , is located at Siding Spring Observatory in New South Wales, Australia. Since 2005 they have been part of the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network . http://faulkes-telescope.com/ Official...

Parkes Observatory

Parkes Observatory   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

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...Observatory A radio observatory near the town of Parkes in New South Wales, Australia, owned and operated by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO ). It consists of a 64-m diameter radio dish opened in 1961 . As well as radio astronomy, it is used for tracking space probes. Since 1988 it has been part of the Australia Telescope National Facility . http://www.parkes.atnf.csiro.au/ Official observatory...

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