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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Science and technology, Earth Sciences and Geography, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,271 words
Illustration(s):
1

...has led to land degradation in parts of Australia; for example, some grazing land has been overrun by shrubby weeds, reducing the potential productivity of the land. Bibliography Colls, K. , and R. Whitaker . The Australian Weather Book . Brookvale, New South Wales, Australia, 1990. Linacre, E. , and J. Hobbs . The Australian Climatic Environment . Brisbane, Australia: Wiley, 1972. Sturman, A. , and N. Tapper . The Weather and Climate of Australia and New Zealand . 2d ed. South Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Oxford University Press, 2006. Neville...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,844 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Australia's midlatitudinal position, the dominance of the subtropical high-pressure system. This climate system causes dry, windy conditions conducive to wildfires in southern Australia during the summer months, and similar “fire weather” during the winter months in northern Australia. El Niño–Southern Oscillation events cause regular cycles of droughts and floods across eastern Australia. These geographic factors rendered Australia particularly vulnerable to the environmental upheavals that followed European colonization. Alexander, N. , ed. Australia:...

Australia

Australia (2012)   Reference library

Ian TYRRELL

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
4,255 words

...no foreseeable end to this dilemma, and Australia’s population will most likely continue to grow at levels incompatible with life support systems of water and soils. Ian TYRRELL University of New South Wales See also Auckland, New Zealand ; Forest Management ; Mining (Australia) ; Murray-Darling River Basin ; New Zealand ; Oceania ; Perth, Australia ; Sydney, Australia ; United States ; Water Use and Rights Further Reading Bolton, Geoffrey . (1981). Spoils and spoilers: Australians make their environment, 1788–1980 ....

Perth, Australia

Perth, Australia (2011)   Reference library

Brian J. SHAW

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,776 words

...Western Australia . Crawley: University of Western Australia Press. Stannage, Charles Thomas . (1979). The people of Perth: A social history of Western Australia's capital city . Perth, Australia: Perth City Council. Weller, Richard . (2009). Boomtown 2050 . Crawley: University of Western Australia Publishing. Western Australia Planning Commission (WAPC). (2004). Network city . Perth, Australia: WAPC. Western Australia Planning Commission (WAPC). (2009). Directions 2031: Draft spatial framework for Perth and Peel . Perth, Australia: WAPC. ...

Mining (Australia)

Mining (Australia)   Reference library

Erkan TOPAL and Diarmid MATHER

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,914 words

...from http://www.jorc.org/ Australian Government, Bureau of Resources and Energy Economics. (2012). Resources data. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from http://www.bree.gov.au/data/resources/2011-resources.html Australian Government, Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. (2011). Leading practice sustainable development program handbooks. Retrieved January 20, 2012, from http://www.ret.gov.au/resources/resources_programs/lpsdpmining/handbooks/Pages/default.aspx Australian Government, Geoscience Australia. (2012). Australian atlas of mineral resources,...

Sydney, Australia

Sydney, Australia (2011)   Reference library

Christopher DEY

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,187 words

...Sydney See also Auckland, New Zealand ; Australia ; Labor ; Mobility ; Murray-Darling River Basin ; Oceania ; Perth, Australia ; Public Transportation ; Urbanization Further Reading Aplin, Graeme . (2000). From colonial village to world metropolis. In John Connell (Ed.), Sydney: The emergence of a global city . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2012). Australian census 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2012, from http://www.abs.gov.au/census Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF), & University of...

Australia antigen

Australia antigen   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
11 words

... antigen an alternative name for hepatitis B antigen. See hepatitis...

West Australia Current

West Australia Current   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Australia Current The oceanic current that flows north along the western Australian coast. The flow is strong and steady in summer, reaching speeds of 20–35 cm/s, but is much reduced during the winter months. The salinity (34.5 parts per thousand) and temperature (3–7°C) are both relatively...

Indigenous Traditions—Australia

Indigenous Traditions—Australia   Reference library

Deborah Bird ROSE

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
2,038 words

... Australian Humanities Review, 45 , 181–194. Retrieved January 19, 2009, from http://www.australianhumanitiesreview.org/archive/Issue-November-2008/graham.html Johnson, Chris . (2006) Australia’s Mammal Extinctions: A 50,000-year history . Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. Neidjie, Bill ; Davis, Stephen ; & Fox, Allan . (1985). Kakadu man: Bill Neidjie . Queanbeyan, New South Wales, Australia: Mybrood. Rose, Deborah . (1996). Nourishing terrains: Australian Aboriginal views of landscape and wilderness . Canberra, Australia: Australian...

West Australia current

West Australia current   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Australia current The oceanic current that flows north along the western Australian coast. The flow is strong and steady in summer, but is much reduced during the winter months. Low salinity (34.5‰) and low temperature (3–7 °C) typify the waters of this...

rail transport, Australia

rail transport, Australia   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
60 words

...transport, Australia A crucial part of transport in Australia that is largely state-based. The Australian rail network comprises over 40,000 km of track. The most recent major rail route completed is that between Adelaide and Darwin, finished in 2004 . Most of the railway network infrastructure is government-owned, but the main rail companies were privatized in the 1990s. Kenneth...

Australia, fauna of

Australia, fauna of   Quick reference

Kenneth Morgan

Dictionary Plus Science and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
65 words

..., fauna of The fauna of Australia includes a great variety of animals. Eighty-three per cent of mammals, 89 per cent of reptiles, 24 per cent of fish and insects, and 93 per cent of amphibians that inhabit the continent are native to Australia. To counteract threats to its fauna, Australia has passed wide-ranging federal and state legislation and established numerous protected areas. Kenneth...

Australia and Global Change

Australia and Global Change   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...al. Australia State of the Environment 2006: Independent Report to the Australian Government Minister for the Environment and Heritage . Canberra: Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006. Up-to-date compendium of information about critical Australian environmental issues. Flannery, T. F. The Future Eaters: An Ecological History of the Australasian Lands and People . Sydney: Read Books, 1994. A best-selling environmental history of Australia that serves as a useful introduction to debates surrounding human impacts and adaptation to Australia. David...

Australia Telescope National Facility

Australia Telescope National Facility   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Astronomy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

... Telescope National Facility ( ATNF ) The collective name for a number of radio antennas located at four observatories in Australia, owned and operated by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO ). The antennas can be used individually, or in various combinations as a long-baseline interferometer. The heart of the ATNF is the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) at the Paul Wild Observatory , Narrabri, New South Wales, consisting of six dishes, 22 m in diameter, in a line 6 km long. The largest individual...

Environmental Law—Australia and New Zealand

Environmental Law—Australia and New Zealand   Reference library

Susan SHEARING and Vernon TAVA

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
3,694 words

... Dovers, Stephen , & Wild River, Su . (Eds.). (2003). Managing Australia’s environment . Sydney: Federation Press. Dovers, Stephen . (Ed.). (2000). Environmental history and policy: Still settling Australia . Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. Fisher, Douglas E. (2010). Australian environmental law: Norms, principles and rules (2nd ed.). Sydney: Thompson Reuters. Harding, Ronnie ; Hendriks, Carolyn M. ; & Faruqi, Mehreen . (2009). Environmental...

Statistical Society of Australia Inc.

Statistical Society of Australia Inc.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Society of Australia Inc. ( SSAI ) This society, founded in 1962 as the Australian Statistical Society, has about 600 members. Together with the New Zealand Statistical Association it publishes the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Statistics . http://www.statsoc.org.au/ Society home...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia   Reference library

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
11,488 words
Illustration(s):
1

...group of Australian sport, exercise, and performance psychologists. References Australian Psychological Society . (1994, October). Minutes of the 1994 Annual General Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society . Melbourne: APS. Australian Sports Commission . (2012). Australia’s Winning Edge 2012–2022 . Canberra: Australian Sports Commission. Australian Sports Commission . (2017). High Performance Strategy . Canberra: Australian Sports Commission. Bloomfield, J. (1974). The role, scope and development of recreation in Australia . Canberra:...

Australian

Australian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
26 words

... one of the six primary biogeographic realms ( q.v .), comprising Australia, the Celebes, New Guinea, Tasmania, New Zealand, and the oceanic islands of the South...

chestnut, Australian

chestnut, Australian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...Australian Seeds of the endangered Australian tree Castanospermum australe . Poisonous when raw, but the toxins are denatured by heating. Contain castanospermine, which has antiviral activity in vitro . Also known as Moreton Bay chestnuts or black beans. A 190g serving provides 661kcal (2766kJ), 41.9g protein, 2.7g fat (of which 0.7g saturated, 0.2g mono-unsaturated, 2.13g polyunsaturated), 121g carbohydrate (4.4g sugars), 29.4g fibre, 9mg sodium, 2877mg potassium. A rich source of vitamin B 1 , folate, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese,...

Australian realm

Australian realm   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... realm A biogeographical realm which is largely desert , surrounded by tropical forest and savanna...

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