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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Melanoma

Melanoma   Reference library

A-Z of Plastic Surgery

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Medicine and health, Surgery
Length:
1,699 words

...Incidence: • Accounts for 3% of all cancers. Incidence has doubled since 1970 . The rapid rise might be levelling off. • The lifetime risk for a Caucasian in Australia is 1 in 14. • In USA and UK it is 1 in 80. Risk factors: • Genetic: 5–10% have family history. Alterations of CDKN2 , a tumour suppressor gene for the protein p16 have been found in 50% of melanoma prone families. Mutation in N- ras oncogene found in ⅓ of patients. • Sun exposure: exposure to Ultraviolet radiation (UV) , mainly UVB, but also UVA. Sunscreen blocks are mainly to...

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