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Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...


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A-Z of Plastic Surgery

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Medicine and health, Surgery
1,699 words

...Incidence: • Accounts for 3% of all cancers. Incidence has doubled since 1970 . The rapid rise might be levelling off. • The lifetime risk for a Caucasian in Australia is 1 in 14. • In USA and UK it is 1 in 80. Risk factors: • Genetic: 5–10% have family history. Alterations of CDKN2 , a tumour suppressor gene for the protein p16 have been found in 50% of melanoma prone families. Mutation in N- ras oncogene found in ⅓ of patients. • Sun exposure: exposure to Ultraviolet radiation (UV) , mainly UVB, but also UVA. Sunscreen blocks are mainly to...