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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Begg appliance

Begg appliance  

[P. R. Begg (1898–1983), Australian orthodontist] A fixed orthodontic appliance used to tip the crowns of teeth. It utilizes a round wire fitted fairly loosely into a channel at the top of the ...
Hopewood House

Hopewood House  

The location of a caries study undertaken on children in New South Wales, Australia, in 1953. The study involved 80 children brought up from birth to 12 years on a lacto-vegetarian diet virtually ...
Gow-Gates block

Gow-Gates block  

A technique to anaesthetize the inferior alveolar, lingual, and long buccal nerves by depositing local anaesthetic solution close to the head of the mandibular condyle under the insertion of the ...
thegosis

thegosis  

The process of sharpening teeth by grinding one anterior tooth against another to create wear facets. In some mammals it keeps the teeth sharply honed for use as weapons. It has been suggested that ...
Nuffield Report

Nuffield Report  

A document produced as a result of the Nuffield inquiry on the education and training of personnel auxiliary to dentistry, published in the UK in 1993 and named after the chairman of the inquiry, ...
Reye's syndrome

Reye's syndrome   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
41 words

...syndrome [ R. D. K. Reye ( 1912–77 ), Australian histopathologist] A rare but dangerous condition characterized by liver damage and encephalitis. Aspirin has been implicated as a cause and should therefore not be prescribed to children under the age of...

Begg appliance

Begg appliance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
56 words

...appliance [ P. R. Begg ( 1898–1983 ), Australian orthodontist] A fixed orthodontic appliance used to tip the crowns of teeth. It utilizes a round wire fitted fairly loosely into a channel at the top of the orthodontic bracket. It can produce both apical and rotational movement by using auxiliary springs or loops placed in the archwire...

Gow-Gates block

Gow-Gates block   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
55 words

...A technique to anaesthetize the inferior alveolar, lingual, and long buccal nerves by depositing local anaesthetic solution close to the head of the mandibular condyle under the insertion of the lateral pterygoid muscle. It was first described in 1973 by George Gow-Gates, an Australian dentist. http://sunzi1.lib.hku.hk/hkjo/view/29/2900205.pdf Contains a detailed description of the technique....

thegosis

thegosis n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
71 words

...teeth sharply honed for use as weapons. It has been suggested that this is a biological process and that pathological thegosis, predominantly in response to stress, is synonymous with bruxism . Further Reading: Murray C. G. , Sanson G. D. Thegosis—A critical review. Australian Dental Journal ...

cannabis

cannabis n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
90 words

... n. A plant genus which includes the species Cannabis sativa (hemp) whose dried leaves are known as marijuana . It is the most frequently used illicit drug in Australia. Cannabis abusers generally have poorer oral health than non-users, with an increased risk of dental caries and periodontal disease because of the associated xerostomia . There can also be an increased stress response upon administration of local analgesic containing adrenaline. Further Reading: Cho C. M. , Hirsch R. , Johnstone S. General and oral health implications of cannabis...

Hopewood House

Hopewood House   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
119 words

...House The location of a caries study undertaken on children in New South Wales, Australia, in 1953 . The study involved 80 children brought up from birth to 12 years on a lacto-vegetarian diet virtually free of sugar and flour products. It concluded that children up to 12 years of age under close supervision were not protected from developing caries in subsequent years. This study, which was carried out before the Helsinki Declaration, would now be considered unethical dental research. Further Reading: Lilienthal B. , Goldsworthy N. E. , Sullivan...

Nuffield Report

Nuffield Report   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
120 words

...dental personnel now known as dental care professionals (DCPs). Further Reading: Education and training of personnel auxiliary to dentistry . London: Nuffield Foundation, 1993. Baltutis L , Morgan M. The changing role of dental auxiliaries: A literature review. Australian Dent J ...

bracket

bracket n.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Dentistry

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Medicine and health, Dentistry
Length:
378 words

...placed, and a base that is curved to accurately fit the contour of the tooth. Orthodontic bracket Most brackets have identification marks on their tie wings. They are usually made of stainless steel, plastic, or ceramic material. Begg brackets [ P. R. Begg ( 1898–1983 ), Australian orthodontist] have a narrow vertical slot which corresponds to the archwire channel of the edgewise bracket; they only accept round wires and are retained with brass pins or auxiliaries . Ceramic brackets are manufactured from monocrystalline or polycrystalline alumina ....

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