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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Australia   Reference library

Jeffrey Bond and Tony Morris

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
11,488 words
Illustration(s):
1

...group of Australian sport, exercise, and performance psychologists. References Australian Psychological Society . (1994, October). Minutes of the 1994 Annual General Meeting of the Australian Psychological Society . Melbourne: APS. Australian Sports Commission . (2012). Australia’s Winning Edge 2012–2022 . Canberra: Australian Sports Commission. Australian Sports Commission . (2017). High Performance Strategy . Canberra: Australian Sports Commission. Bloomfield, J. (1974). The role, scope and development of recreation in Australia . Canberra:...

Gambling in Sport and Performance Psychology

Gambling in Sport and Performance Psychology   Reference library

Loredana A. Marchica and Jeffrey L. Derevensky

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...wagered on U.K. football (either land-based or online), 6.1% wagered on dog races, and 11.9% wagered on other sporting events ( Wardle, Moody, Griffiths, Orford, & Volberg, 2011 ). Australian and New Zealand Laws Australia. At a national level, both online and land-based sports betting is legal in Australia. Online licensed sports wagering sites can be operated in Australia, but under the Interactive Gambling Act of 2001 , no online interactive gambling activity can be offered. Examples of prohibited interactive gambling services include online...

Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance

Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Matthew P. Martens

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...the behavior of young athletes? A systematic literature review and meta-analyses. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine , 11 , 201–220. Dietze, P. M. , Fitzgerald, J. L. , & Jenkinson, R. A. (2008). Drinking by professional Australian Football League (AFL) players: Prevalence and correlates of risk. Medical Journal of Australia , 189 , 479–483. Dimeff, L. A. , Baer, J. S. , Kivlahan, D. R. , & Marlatt, G. A. (1999). Brief alcohol screening and intervention for college students (BASICS): A harm reduction approach. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Doumas...

Injury Prevention in Sport and Performance Psychology

Injury Prevention in Sport and Performance Psychology   Reference library

Monna Arvinen-Barrow

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
7,339 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Medicine , 46 , 854–860. Kerr, G. A. , & Goss, J. (1996). The effects of a stress management program on injuries and stress levels. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology , 8 , 109–117. Kolt, G. S. , & Kirkby, R. (1996). Injury in Australian female competitive gymnasts: A psychological perspective. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy , 42 , 121–126. Laux, P. , Krumm, B. , Diers, M. , & Flor, H. (2015). Recovery–stress balance and injury risk in professional football players: A prospective study. Journal of Sports Sciences , 33 , 2140–2149....

Physical Activity and Personality Traits

Physical Activity and Personality Traits   Reference library

Ryan E. Rhodes and Patrick Boudreau

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
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Current Version:
2019

...accelerometry suggest that over 80% of North Americans do not meet the guidelines for public health ( Colley et al., 2011 ; Troiano et al., 2008 ), and these low engagement rates of physical activity are also echoed in other countries such as the United Kingdom and Australia ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013 ; U.K. Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2009 ). Clearly, the promotion of physical activity is important, and effective methods of promotion are needed. Personality Physical activity is a complex behavior with antecedents ranging from...

Use of Wearable Activity Trackers for Physical Activity Promotion

Use of Wearable Activity Trackers for Physical Activity Promotion   Reference library

Nicola D. Ridgers and Samuel K. Lai

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

... (2018). Wearable activity tracker use among Australian adolescents: Usability and acceptability study . JMIR mHealth and uHealth , 6 , e86. Rowe, D. A. , Mahar, M. T. , Raedeke, T. D. , & Lore, J. (2004). Measuring physical activity in children with pedometers: Reliability, reactivity, and replacement of missing data. Pediatric Exercise Science , 16 , 343–354. Salmon, J. , & Ridgers, N. D. (2017). Is wearable technology an activity motivator, or a fad that wears thin? Medical Journal of Australia , 206 (3), 119–120. Schaefer, S. E. , Ching,...

Supervision in Performance Settings (Dance, Music, Acting)

Supervision in Performance Settings (Dance, Music, Acting)   Reference library

Gene M. Moyle

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

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Current Version:
2019

...to communicate and translate psychological concepts and skills into the discipline’s “language.” Third, connection to networks, interest groups, or professional associations focused on service delivery, professional development, or research into these areas is important (e.g., Australian Society for Performing Arts Healthcare , International Association for Dance Medicine and Science , Performing Arts Medicine Association ). This will assist in orienting the psychologist to the professional practice domain of the work undertaken in the performing arts, and...

Psychological Considerations for Paralympic Athletes

Psychological Considerations for Paralympic Athletes   Reference library

Jeffrey Martin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
9,838 words
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...to develop confident athletes. Elite athletes have viewed negative coaching behavior as one of the most anxiety-inducing sport stressors they encountered. Behavioral evidence of the role of effective coaching can be seen in a study where video and race analysis data helped Australian athletes develop sound race strategies (e.g., even pacing) that lead to a 10% performance improvement that eventually produced a world record. Athletes will also benefit from coaches who embrace sport psychology. Ten Portuguese Paralympic disability sport coaches believed that...

Sociocultural Aspects of Sport Injury and Recovery

Sociocultural Aspects of Sport Injury and Recovery   Reference library

Diane M. Wiese-Bjornstal

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
12,308 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to society and to sport organizations are also evident in other studies, such as those among runners in the Netherlands ( Hespanhol, Mechelen, Postuma, & Verhagen, 2016 ) and among Australian football players ( Hickey, Shield, Williams, & Opar, 2014 ). With respect to long-term costs, Meir, Weatherby, and Rolfe ( 2007 ) showed that playing career injuries affected male Australian baseball players over a decade after their retirements via continuing physical limitations and medical expenses. Over one half of survey respondents had experienced major injuries...

Performance Consultants in Sport and Performance Psychology

Performance Consultants in Sport and Performance Psychology   Reference library

David Tod

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...of confidentiality may be subtle, such as when academics present case studies at conferences or write about them in the literature. In these instances, the community may be small enough that it may be difficult to disguise the client’s identity (such as a case study on an Australian Oscar-winning actress). A key question here is does the benefit of disclosing the association outweigh the risk to the client? In some cases, however, it is not possible to secure absolute confidentiality. The important considerations in those cases involve determining what...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Southern Africa   Reference library

Clinton Gahwiler, Lee Hill, and Valérie Grand’Maison

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
11,560 words
Illustration(s):
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...during this time. These included John Kane (England), Bryant Cratty (United States), Gilad Weingarten (Israel), Robert Nideffer (United States), Brent Rushall (Canada), Glyn Roberts (United States), Brenda Bredemeier (United States), Damon Burton (United States), Peter Terry (Australia), and Dan Gould (United States), many of whose visits were sponsored by the South African Association for Sport, Physical Education and Recreation (Potgieter, personal communication, 2016 ). Furthermore, Potgieter was the first South African to present a sport psychology...

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Gender and Cultural Diversity in Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology   Reference library

Diane L. Gill

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...concluded, creation of safe and compassionate sport settings for all athletes, including trans athletes, is an ethical responsibility. On a promising note, Krane and Symons ( 2014 ) described several programs that promote inclusive sport climates, including Fair go, sport! an Australian social inclusion project focusing on gender and sexual diversity. Sexual Harassment. Sexual harassment, which has clear gender and sexuality connotations, has received considerable attention in psychology (e.g., Koss, 1990 ). Kari Fasting and Celia Brackenridge have led much...

Relaxation and Recovery in Sport and Performance

Relaxation and Recovery in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Maximilian Pelka and Michael Kellmann

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...York, NY: Psychology Press. Lewis, L. K. , Williams, M. T. , & Olds, T. (2007). Short-term effects on outcomes related to the mechanism of intervention and physiological outcomes but insufficient evidence of clinical benefits for breathing control: A systematic review. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy , 53 , 219–227. Lovato, N. , & Lack, L. (2010). The effects of napping on cognitive functioning. In G. A. Kerkhof & H. P. A. van Dongen (Eds.), Progress in brain research (Vol. 185, pp. 155–166). Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science. Luthe, W. , & ...

Developing Athletes in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology

Developing Athletes in the Context of Sport and Performance Psychology   Reference library

Luc J. Martin, David J. Hancock, and Jean Côté

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Eliminating the dichotomy between theory and practice in talent identification and development: Considering the role of psychology. Journal of Sports Sciences , 22 , 395–408. Abernethy, B. , & Russell, D. G. (1984). Advance cue utilization by skilled cricket batsmen. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , 16 (2), 2–10. Baker, J. , & Farrow, D. (2015). Routledge handbook of sport expertise . New York, NY: Routledge. Baker, J. , Schorer, J. , Cobley, S. , Schimmer, G. , & Wattie, N. (2009). Circumstantial development and athletic...

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Depression   Reference library

Felipe B. Schuch and Brendon Stubbs

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...and oxidative stress biomarkers. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry , 48 , 102–111. Malhi, G. S. , Bassett, D. , Boyce, P. , Bryant, R. , Fitzgerald, P. B. , Fritz, K. , et al. (2015). Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for mood disorders. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry , 49 (12), 1087–1206. Mammen, G. , & Faulkner, G. (2013). Physical activity and the prevention of depression: A systematic review of prospective studies . American Journal of Preventive...

Self-Talk in Sport and Performance

Self-Talk in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Judy L. Van Raalte and Andrew Vincent

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...approach . Journal of Sport Psychology in Action . Vygotsky, L. S. (1986). Thought and language . Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Weinberg, R. , Grove, R. , & Jackson, A. (1992). Strategies for building self-efficacy in tennis players: A comparative analysis of Australian and American coaches. The Sport Psychologist, 6 , 3–13. Williams, J. M. , & Straub, W. F. (2006). Sport psychology: Past, present, future. In J. M. Williams (Ed.), Applied sport psychology. Personal growth to peak performance (5th ed., pp. 1–14). Boston, MA: McGraw–Hill...

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe

History of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology in Europe   Reference library

Stiliani “Ani” Chroni and Frank Abrahamsen

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...transitions in sport: International perspectives (pp. 45–58). Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology. Alfermann, D. (2005). Career transition and concomitant changes in athletes. In T. Morris (Ed.), Proceedings of 11th World Congress of Sport Psychology . Sydney, Australia: International Society of Sport Psychology. Apitzsch, E. , & Schilling, G. (Eds.). (2003). Sport psychology in Europe. FEPSAC—An organizational platform and a scientific meeting point . Biel, Switzerland: FEPSAC. Bäumler, G. (1997). Sports psychology. In W. G. Bringmann...

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory in Sport and Performance Psychology

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory in Sport and Performance Psychology   Reference library

Faye F. Didymus

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...practitioners (see Ellis, 1994b ) to sport and performance contexts since at least the 1980s. Indeed, the earliest publication on record in this area is the book chapter by Bernard ( 1985 ) , which detailed a rational emotive psychological training program for professional Australian Rules football players. Although not conducted as a research study per se, the group-based, multimodal intervention that was detailed by Bernard included REBT education, concentration training, and goal setting, which collectively helped the players to enhance their thought...

Multicultural Sport Psychology’s Consulting Role in the United States Activist-Athlete Movement

Multicultural Sport Psychology’s Consulting Role in the United States Activist-Athlete Movement   Reference library

Jessica L. David, Jesse A. Steinfeldt, I. S. Keino Miller, and Jacqueline E. Hyman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
8,701 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and berated for their brazen displays of activism. During the 1968 Mexico City Olympic Games, a message of solidarity was on display for the world to see. After the 200-meter final, Americans and San Jose State student-athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos were joined by Australian Peter Norman in a protest viewed around the world. Smith and Carlos ascended the podium shoeless, wearing black socks to represent Black poverty. Smith, the Olympic gold medal winner, donned a black scarf around his neck to symbolize Black pride. Carlos, the Olympic bronze...

Goal Setting in Sport and Performance

Goal Setting in Sport and Performance   Reference library

Laura Healy, Alison Tincknell-Smith, and Nikos Ntoumanis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

..., 82 , 819–834. Weinberg, R. S. (2013). Goal setting in sport and exercise: Research and practical applications. Revista da Educação Física , 24 , 171–179. Weinberg, R. S. , & Butt, J. (Eds.). (2011). Goal setting in sport and exercise: Research to practice . Milton, Australia: Wiley. Weinberg, R. S. , & Butt, J. (2014). Goal-setting and performance. In A. Papaioannou & D. Hackfort (Eds.), Routledge companion to sport and exercise psychology: Global perspectives and fundamental concepts (pp. 343–355). London, UK: Routledge. Woodman, T. , Zourbanos...

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