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Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Southern Bluefin Tuna Case

Southern Bluefin Tuna Case  

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(Australia and New Zealand v. Japan) ( 2004 ) 23 R.I.A.A. 1. On 10 May 1993, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan concluded the Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin ...
enemy

enemy  

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In Australian military law, ‘the enemy’ is ‘a body politic or an armed force engaged in operations of war against Australia or an allied force and includes any force (including ...
East Timor Case

East Timor Case  

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(Portugal v. Australia) 1995 I.C.J. Rep. 89. By application of 22 February 1991, Portugal instituted proceedings in the I.C.J. against Australia concerning ‘certain activities of Australia with ...
mandate

mandate  

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While (u.c.) Mandate, as in Mandates System, has a special meaning in international law, (l.c.) mandate, used as a verb or noun, retains its ordinary meaning of a command or ...
Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru

Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru  

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(Nauru v. Australia) 1993 I.C.J. Rep. 240. On 19 May 1989, Nauru instituted proceedings before the I.C.J. against Australia, basing jurisdiction on declarations by the parties under the Optional ...
fishery zone

fishery zone  

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A maritime area, adjacent to a state's coastline, over which the state has internationally recognised rights to control fishery resources: see e.g. Chiou Yaou Fa v Thomas Morris (1987) 46 ...
innocent passage

innocent passage  

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An international right of ships to pass freely through territorial seas under maritime law (R v Keyn (1876) 2 Ex D 63) and under the United Nations Convention on the ...
majority

majority  

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(vote)In any matter put to a vote, a group of more than half (51% or more) of the total number of voters. The majority of voters decide (e.g.) a ...
Beijing Rules

Beijing Rules  

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The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice 1985, adopted by the General Assembly of the UN. The rules include broad objectives of juvenile justice and ...
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law  

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Commonly referred to as UNCITRAL, this United Nations commission promotes uniformity in laws with respect to international trade, in recognition of the fact that disparate laws and procedures can act ...
transnational law

transnational law  

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The law that regulates actions or events that transcend national frontiers. It includes public and private international and comparative law, often with a focus upon commercial law.
fact finding

fact finding  

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Of the role of fact-finding in the process whereby international disputes are settled, Sir Francis Vallat has said (The Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, in Cambridge Essays in International Law ...
Wolfgang G. Friedmann

Wolfgang G. Friedmann  

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1907–1972.Lawyer and judge in Germany 1933–1934; Law teacher in the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada 1934–1955; Professor, Columbia 1955–1972. Major international law works include What's Wrong ...
London Naval Construction Treaties

London Naval Construction Treaties  

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The Treaties referred to in this way are the International Treaty for the Reduction and Limitation of Naval Armament of 22 April 1930 between Australia, Canada, India, Japan, New Zealand ...
Philip Alston

Philip Alston  

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1950– .Professor of Law and Foundation Director of the Centre for International and Public Law at the Australian National University (1989–1995); Professor of International Law at the European ...
justiciability

justiciability  

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This term ‘has acquired popularity with politicians as well as with lawyers. It is, however, used ambiguously to designate the suitability of a dispute for settlement, both as to law ...
Julius Stone

Julius Stone  

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Professor of jurisprudence and international law at Sydney, Australia, 1942–1972. Principal works include International Guarantees of Minority Rights (1932); Legal Controls of International Conflict ...
double criminality

double criminality  

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Also known as dual criminality. A necessary condition for international extradition, outlined in many treaties. It requires the conduct of the prospective extradited person to constitute an offence ...
reversion

reversion  

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The interest retained by the grantor of a lesser estate (life estate or leasehold) from a larger fee simple estate. A reversion arises by operation of law.
International Law Commission

International Law Commission  

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A body established in 1948 with a mandate to promote the progressive development and codification of international law in accor-dance with Art 13(1)a of the Charter of the United Nations. ...

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