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Overview

Australia

Subject: History

Australia has been establishing stronger links with Asia—but has been unable to shake off the British monarchy Australia's landmass—which can be viewed as the world's largest ...

Australia

Australia (online information, formerly Australian Government Online Directory)   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
21 words

...Australia (online information, formerly Australian Government Online Directory ) now at www.australia.gov.au , with information about Commonwealth departments and links to state...

Australia Acts

Australia Acts   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
3,111 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Encounters with the Australian Constitution (1987, popular edn 1988) ch 1 Christopher Gilbert , ‘ Section 15 of the Australia Acts: Constitutional Change by the Back Door? ’ (1989) 5 QUTLJ 55 John Goldring , ‘The Australia Act 1986 and the Formal Independence of Australia’ [1986] Public Law 192 H P Lee , ‘ The Australia Act 1986—Some Legal Conundrums ’ (1988) 14 Monash University Law Review 298 Bernard O'Brien , ‘The Australia Acts’ in M P Ellinghaus , A J Bradbrook and A J Duggan (eds), The Emergence of Australian Law (1989)...

Australia

Australia   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
5,644 words
Illustration(s):
2

...In all ways but one, Australia is now legally independent of the United Kingdom. The exception is that Australia is still a monarchy: the Queen of the United Kingdom is also the Queen of Australia. In a 1999 referendum, the Australian people rejected the opportunity to become a republic. The passage of the Australia Acts had a strong influence on the shape of the country's judge-made law. In 1986 , the High Court decided that the abolition of appeals to the Privy Council meant that no Australian court should any longer feel bound to follow the...

Australia ICOMOS

Australia ICOMOS   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
30 words

...Australia ICOMOS The Australian National Committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites, an international NGO leading cultural heritage conservation. See also burra charter 1999 and heritage law . australia...

IP Australia

IP Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
57 words

...IP Australia The Australian government agency that administers the intellectual property regime for patents , trade marks , designs and plant breeder’s rights (excluding copyright , which does not involve a registration system in Australia). It is a prescribed agency within the Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research ( DIISR ) but operates independently and reports directly to the minister. ...

Australia Acts

Australia Acts   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
366 words

...Australia Acts Two substantially identical Acts passed in 1986 by the Australian and UK Parliaments, preceded by enabling legislation in the Australian states. The Acts terminated the power of the UK Parliament to legislate for Australia, ended appeals from Australian courts to the privy council , and removed UK government influence over the appointment of state governors. The Acts completed Australian independence from the UK Parliament by repealing sections of the Statute of Westminster 1931 (Imp) that limited the power of the Australian Parliament,...

Federal Court of Australia

Federal Court of Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
1,061 words

...Court of Australia , created by the Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth), began to exercise its jurisdiction on 1 February 1977 . It assumed a miscellany of statutory jurisdictions formerly exercised by the High Court, and the whole of the jurisdiction formerly exercised by the Australian Industrial Court and the Court of Bankruptcy. One of the principal reasons for setting up the Federal Court was the recognition that, with more and more matters arising under federal laws, the High Court could not act as a federal trial court and still have...

Safe Work Australia

Safe Work Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
110 words

...Safe Work Australia The successor to earlier national bodies (the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission from 1985 , followed by the Australian Safety and Compensation Council from 2005 ) established to promote greater consistency in work health and safety requirements across Australia. Safe Work Australia conducted a national review of Australian occupational health and safety ( OHS ) legislation in 2008 , and after extensive consultation, drafted national model work health and safety ( WHS ) legislation. All Australian jurisdictions...

Order of Australia

Order of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
91 words

...Order of Australia A Royal Order established in 1975 by the Queen by Letters Patent as ‘an Australian society of honour for the purpose of according recognition to Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or for meritorious service’. There are two divisions (Civil or General Division and Military). The Queen is the Sovereign Head of the Order. As Principal Companion and Chancellor, the governor-general is charged with the administration of the Order, and the official secretary is also the Secretary of the Order of Australia. See also ...

Property Exchange Australia

Property Exchange Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
169 words

...Property Exchange Australia ( PEXA ) The electronic conveyancing system built for National e-Conveyancing Development Limited ( NECDL). It uses a shared workspace with real-time interactions between the parties. NECDL is a public– private partnership in the form of a company limited by shares owned by the Victorian, New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australian governments as well as large financial institutions including the Big Four banks (ANZ, CBA, NAB and Westpac); later capital raisings added Macquarie Bank and Link Group to the shareholder...

Commonwealth of Australia

Commonwealth of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
96 words

...Commonwealth of Australia (1) The nation occupying the land bounded by the Pacific and Southern oceans (also the Indian Ocean), separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas. (2) The constitutional democracy created by federation of the British colonies in Australia on 1 January 1901 , with three branches of government: the parliament , the executive , and the judiciary . Different uses of the term ‘the Commonwealth’ in the Constitution and the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) can create difficulties of interpretation (e.g. in defining which aspects...

Constitution of Australia

Constitution of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
249 words

...Constitution of Australia The document that constitutes the lawful government of the Commonwealth of Australia as a federation of the states in the territory of Australia, each formerly a British colony, and establishes the relationship between the states and the central government. The Australian Constitution was adopted in 1900 as a schedule to an Act of the British Parliament: Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act ( 1900 ) 63 & 64 Vict Ch 12, and came into force on 1 January 1901 . The Commonwealth Government draws its power entirely from...

High Court of Australia Act

High Court of Australia Act (1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
632 words

...Court of Australia Act 1979 (Cth). The High Court of Australia Act—enacted contemporaneously with the Court's move to Canberra —had been drafted in the Attorney-General's Department in preparation for the move. To cooperate with the plans of the Court and the government, Parliament gave the legislation a bipartisan and timely passage. Although the Court had been established by the Constitution ( see Constitutional basis of Court ), it required the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) and the High Court Procedure Act 1903 (Cth) to enable it to operate. Alfred...

Garcia v National Australia Bank

Garcia v National Australia Bank (1998)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Law
Length:
727 words

...the appellate courts of Australia to play their part in the refinement, development and re-expression of legal principle which cannot, in the nature of things, be wholly left to this Court’. Garcia is a landmark case in the thriving equitable jurisdiction to prevent unconscionable insistence on legal rights. It demonstrates the Court's ability to mould equitable doctrine creatively to accord with contemporary values , even within the self-imposed restrictions on the Court's law-making function. Pauline Ridge Further Reading Australian Law Reform Commission, ...

Law Council of Australia

Law Council of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
38 words

...Law Council of Australia ( LCA ) The peak body for the Australian legal profession, indirectly representing approximately 56 000 Australian lawyers through the Council’s constituent bodies (the law societies and bar associations of the states and territories). ...

Insurance Council of Australia

Insurance Council of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
23 words

...Insurance Council of Australia ( ICA ) The representative body of the private-sector general insurance industry in Australia, with insurer and reinsurer members. ...

Judicial Conference of Australia

Judicial Conference of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
90 words

...Judicial Conference of Australia ( JCA ) The professional association of judges and magistrates in Australia, established in 1993 as an incorporated association. Approximately half of the judges and magistrates in Australia (just under 700) are members, although it is unclear how many of those are in each category. Membership is open to all serving and retired judges and magistrates in Australia and to masters and judicial registrars. The JCA has assumed much of the burden of representing and defending judges since the retreat of Attorneys-General from...

Refugee Council of Australia

Refugee Council of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
17 words

...Refugee Council of Australia A not-for-profit organisation providing information, education and advocacy in relation to refugees. www.refugeecouncil.org.au...

National Trust of Australia

National Trust of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
65 words

...National Trust of Australia A confederation of eight autonomous state-based, non-government statutory bodies supported by community membership and served by a national secretariat, the Australian Council of National Trusts ( ACNT ). The trusts promote and conserve Australia’s indigenous, natural and historic heritage as custodians of properties they acquire. They also develop policies and advise governments on heritage matters. Comparable trusts operate in many other countries. ...

High Court of Australia

High Court of Australia   Reference library

Australian Law Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Law
Length:
112 words

...High Court of Australia The Federal Supreme Court ( see federal courts ) established by Chapter III of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 (Cth) (the Constitution). The Constitution and the Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth) set out the scope of the Court’s original jurisdiction , its composition and its judges (called justices ). The High Court of Australia Act 1979 (Cth) was enacted when the principal registry moved from Melbourne to Canberra. It deals with the administration of the Court, registry procedure and financial appropriations...

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